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> INVASIVE_ANTS_LIST

Adopted classification system is authorial and may not reflect conventional systems.

+ SynA = synanthrope-only species, in temperate climate lives only in human buildings.
+ ExtI = (temperate climate only) such species need human buildings to survive winter, but in warm seasons it can infiltrate in local ecosystems.
+ Diss = species spreads by human trade activities, but it lives mostly outside, in exteriors. It is'nt really synanthropic and can infiltrate in local ecosystems.

Invasive Ant Species

Sortable table
Genus / Species Reference Subfamily Type Native Range Invasion Range In Temperate Zones Remarks
Monomorium pharaonis no_ref Myrmicinae SynA SA(?) World + no_data
Strumigenys emmae no_ref Myrmicinae no_data no_data no_data + no_data
Solenopsis geminata no_ref Myrmicinae no_data no_data no_data no_data no_data
Tetramorium bicarinatum no_ref Myrmicinae no_data no_data no_data no_data no_data
Tetramorium lanuginosum no_ref Myrmicinae no_data no_data Tropical Asia (?) no_data no_data
Cardiocondyla emeryi no_ref Myrmicinae no_data no_data no_data no_data no_data
Wasmannia auropunctata no_ref Myrmicinae no_data Central and South America NA,Africa,Israel,Australia no_data no_data
Solenopsis invicta no_ref Myrmicinae no_data South America USA, Mexica, Caribbean Islands no_data no_data
Paratrechina longicornis no_ref Formicinae no_data no_data no_data no_data no_data
Anoplolepis gracilipes no_ref Formicinae no_data no_data no_data no_data no_data
Lasius neglectus no_ref Formicinae In Turkey(?) Europe + Polygynous species of Lasius.
Tapinoma melanocephalum no_ref Dolichoderinae Tp no_data no_data +  ?
Linepithema humile no_ref Dolichoderinae Tp no_data no_data +  ?
Hypoponera punctatissima no_ref Ponerinae SynA no_data no_data +  ?

Parasitic Ant Genus

Names, taxonomy, type of parasitism, and species range.

dDul = degenerate dulosis; Dul = dulosis, slave-maker; In = inquilinism; Tp = temporary parasitism; Xen = xenobiosis, guest ant.

Sortable table
Genus Host Species Reference Subfamily / Tribe Type Range Remarks
Bothriomyrmex spp.  ??? sp. EMERY, 1869 Dolichoderinae Tp Old World, Australia Ca. 38 species + many subspecies
subgenus Formica s.str. (Formica) spp. of subgenus Serviformica LINNAEUS, 1761 Formicinae Tp Eurasia Facultative Tp
subgenus Coptoformica (Formica) spp. of subgenus Serviformica MÜLLER, 1923 Formicinae Tp Eurasia Facultative Tp
subgenus Raptiformica (Formica) spp. of subgenus Serviformica LATREILLE, 1798 Formicinae Dul Eurasia Facultative Dul
Formicoxenus spp.  ??? sp. MAYR, 1855 Myrmicinae, Formicoxenini Xen holarctic 7 species
Harpagoxenus spp.  ??? sp. SMITH, 1939 Myrmicinae, Formicoxenini Dul N-America
subgenus Chthonolasius (Lasius) ssp. of subgenus Lasius s.str. (LATREILLE, 1798) Formicinae Tp Eurasia Hyperparasite
subgenus Dendrolasius (Lasius)  ??? sp. FABER, 1967 Formicinae Tp Europe
Lasius umbratus  ??? sp. (NYLANDER, 1846) Formicinae Tp Eurasia
Myrmecocystus spp.  ??? sp. WESMAEL, 1838 Formicinae Dul? N-America Intraspecific!
Plagiolepis spp.  ??? sp. MAYR, 1861 Formicinae In Europe, N-Africa Many independent
Polyergus spp.  ??? sp. LA TREILLE, 1804 Formicinae Dul Holarctic 6 spp., several sspp.
Polyrhachis lama  ??? sp. KOHOUT, 1994 Formicinae Xen SE-Asia
Pheidole spp.  ??? sp. WESTWOOD, 1839 Myrmicinae In World-wide Many independent
Rossomyrmex spp.  ??? sp. TINAUT, 1981 Formicinae Dul Spain, Turkey
Strongylognathus spp.  ??? sp. MAYR, 1853 Myrmicinae Dul, dDul Eurasia Ca. 25 species
Temnothorax spp.  ??? sp. RUZSKY, 1902 Myrmicinae, Formicoxenini Dul, dDul Europe, N-Africa Ca. 12 species
Temnothorax sp.  ??? sp. S. Cover, in litt. Formicoxenini Dul N-America

Parasitic Ant Species

Names, taxonomy, type of parasitism, and species range.

dDul = degenerate dulosis; Dul = dulosis, slave-maker; In = inquilinism; Tp = temporary parasitism; Xen = xenobiosis, guest ant. Faс = facultative;

Sortable table
Species Host Species Reference Subfamily / Tribe Type Range Remarks
Acromyrmex ameliae Acromyrmex subterannea DE SOUZA, SOARES & DELLA LUCIA, 2007 Myrmicinae In Brazil social parasite with workers
Acromyrmex insinuator Acromyrmex echinatior, A. octospinosus. SCHULTZ, BEKKEVOLD & BOOMSMA, 1998 Myrmicinae In Panama "Incipient" social parasite
Bothriomyrmex decapitans  ??? sp. SANTSCHI, 1911 Dolichoderinae Tp N-Africa
Bothriomyrmex modestus Tapinoma sp. no_data Dolichoderinae Tp Russia
Bothriomyrmex turcomenicus Tapinoma sp. no_data Dolichoderinae Tp Russia
Camponotus universitatis  ??? sp. FOREL, 1890 Formicinae In S-Europe
Cataglyphis hannae  ??? sp. AGOSTI, 1994 Formicinae In N-Africa
Ectatomma parasiticum E. tuberculatum FEITOSA & FRESNEAU, 2008 Ectatomminae In Mexico produces intermediates (ergatoid gynes)
Formica dirksi  ??? sp. WING, 1949 Formicinae In N-America
Formica rufa  ??? sp. LINNAEUS, 1761 Formicinae Tp Eurasia Fac Tp
Formica talbotae  ??? sp. WILSON, 1977 Formicinae In N-America X
Formica (Coptoformica) spp.  ??? sp. MÜLLER, 1923 Formicinae Tp Eurasia Fac Tp
Formica (Raptiformica) sanguinea  ??? sp. LATREILLE, 1798 Formicinae Dul Eurasia Fac Dul
Formicoxenus diversipilosus  ??? sp. (SMITH, M.R. 1939) Myrmicinae, Formicoxenini Xen N-America worker-queen intermediates
Formicoxenus nitidulus  ??? sp. (NYLANDER, 1846) Myrmicinae, Formicoxenini Xen Eurasia X
Formicoxenus provancheri  ??? sp. (EMERY, 1895) Myrmicinae, Formicoxenini Xen N-America X
Formicoxenus quebecensis  ??? sp. FRANCOEUR, 1985 Myrmicinae, Formicoxenini Xen N-America X
Harpagoxenus canadensis  ??? sp. SMITH, 1939 Myrmicinae, Formicoxenini Dul N-America X
Harpagoxenus sublaevis  ??? sp. (Nylander, 1849) Myrmicinae, Formicoxenini Dul Eurasia X
Lasius fuliginosus  ??? sp. (LATREILLE, 1798) Formicinae Tp Eurasia Hyperparasite
Lasius reginae  ??? sp. FABER, 1967 Formicinae Tp Europe X
Lasius umbratus  ??? sp. (NYLANDER, 1846) Formicinae Tp Eurasia X
Leptothorax faberi  ??? sp. BUSCHINGER, 1983 Myrmicinae, Formicoxenini In Canada possible inquiline
Leptothorax goesswaldi  ??? sp. KUTTER, 1967 Myrmicinae, Formicoxenini In Europe Host-queen-intolerant
Leptothorax kutteri  ??? sp. BUSCHINGER, 1966 Myrmicinae, Formicoxenini In Europe Host-queen-tolerant
Leptothorax pacis  ??? sp. (KUTTER, 1945) Myrmicinae, Formicoxenini In Europe Host-queen-tolerant
Leptothorax paraxenus  ??? sp. HEINZE & ALLOWAY, 1992 Myrmicinae, Formicoxenini In N-America X
Leptothorax pocahontas  ??? sp. (BUSCHINGER, 1979) Myrmicinae, Formicoxenini In? N-America Parasitism questionable
Leptothorax wilsoni  ??? sp. HEINZE, 1989 Myrmicinae, Formicoxenini In N-America X
Manica parasitica Manica bradleyi CREIGHTON, 1934 Myrmicinae, Myrmicini In N-America X
Megalomyrmex mondabora  ??? sp. BRANDÃO, 1990 Myrmicinae * Central and S-America Agro-Predation
Megalomyrmex symmetochus  ??? sp. WHEELER, 1925 Myrmicinae Xen? Panama X
Monomorium inquilinum  ??? sp. DUBOIS, 1981 Myrmicinae}  ? Mexico X
Myrmecocystus spp.  ??? sp. WESMAEL, 1838 Formicinae Dul? N-America Intraspecific!
Myrmica arnoldii Unknown Dlussky, 1963 Myrmicinae Prob. TP or free-living Russia, Mongolia X
Myrmica hirsuta Myrmica sabuleti ELMES, 1978 Myrmicinae Inq with several workers Europe, Russia X
Myrmica karavajevi Myrmica scabrinodis, M. sabuleti, M. gallienii, M. lonae (Arnol'di, 1930) Myrmicinae Inq (Workerless) Eurasia X
Myrmica laurae Unknown Certainly (Emery, 1907) Myrmicinae Inq (Workerless) Europe X
Myrmica lampra Myrmica alaskensis Francoeur, 1968 Myrmicinae X Canada,USA X
Myrmica quebecensis Myrmica alaskensis Francoeur, 1981 Myrmicinae X Canada X
Myrmica lemasnei Myrmica sabuleti Bernard, 1967 Myrmicinae Inq Europe X
Myrmica myrmicoxena Myrmica lobicornis Forel, 1895 Myrmicinae prob. Inq (Workerless) Europe X
Myrmica nefaria Myrmica rupestris Bharti, 2012 xxxx Myrmicinae have workers Hymalaya(India) X
Myrmica schenckioides  ??? sp. BOER & NOORDIJK, 2005 Myrmicinae Inq Europe X
Myrmica semiparasitica  ??? sp. FRANCOEUR, 2007 Myrmicinae Tp Canada Not confirmed
Myrmica vandeli  ??? sp. BONDROIT, 1920 Myrmicinae Tp? Europe Not confirmed
Nylanderia ---- --- Myrmicinae Inq America at least 4 sp (3 undescribed)
Nylanderia deceptrix Messer, Cover & LaPolla, 2016 Formicinae Inq North America
Plagiolepis ampeloni  ??? sp. (FABER, 1969) Formicinae Inq S-Europe (= Aporomyrmex FABER, 1969)
Plagiolepis grassei  ??? sp. LE MASNE, 1956 Formicinae Inq S-Europe Few own workers
Plagiolepis regis  ??? sp. KARAVAIEV, 1931 Formicinae Inq Turkestan (= Paraplagiolepis FABER, 1969)
Plagiolepis xene  ??? sp. STAERCKE, 1936 Formicinae Inq S-Europe (= Paraplagiolepis FABER, 1969)
Pogonomyrmex anergismus Pogonomyrmex barbatus + Pogonomyrmex rugosus COLE, 1954 Myrmicinae Inq (Workerless) N-America X
Pogonomyrmex colei Pogonomyrmex rugosus SNELLING, 1982 Mymicinae Inq (Workerless) N-America X
Polyergus Formica LA TREILLE, 1804 Formicinae Dul Holarctic 6 spp., several sspp.
Polyergus breviceps  ??? sp. EMERY, 1893 Formicinae Dul N-America
Polyergus lucidus  ??? sp. MAYR, 1870 Formicinae Dul N-America
Polyergus nigerrimus  ??? sp. MARIKOVSKY, 1963 Formicinae Dul E-Asia
Polyergus rufescens  ??? sp. (LATREILLE, 1798) Formicinae Dul Europe
Polyergus samurai  ??? sp. YANO, 1911 Formicinae Dul Japan
Polyrhachis lama  ??? sp. KOHOUT, 1994 Formicinae Xen SE-Asia
Polyrhachis lamellidens  ??? sp. SMITH, 1874 Formicinae Tp? SE-Asia ??
Polyrhachis loweryi  ??? sp. KOHOUT, 1990 Formicinae Xen Australia
Pheidole spp.  ??? sp. WESTWOOD, 1839 Myrmicinae In World-wide Many independent
Pseudoatta argentina  ??? sp. GALLARDO, 1916 Myrmicinae In S-America
Pseudomyrmex inquilinus  ??? sp. WARD, 1996 Pseudomyrmecinae In S-America
Rossomyrmex minuchae  ??? sp. TINAUT, 1981 Formicinae Dul Spain, Turkey
Rossomyrmex proformicarum  ??? sp. ARNOL'DI, 1928 Formicinae Dul Central to East Asia
Solenopsis enigmatica  ??? sp. DEYRUP & PRUSAK, 2008 Myrmicinae Tp? West Indies Not confirmed
Solenopsis fugax  ??? sp. Latreille, 1798 Myrmicinae Fac Xen Eurasia Xenobiotics colonies are common.
Strongylognathus afer  ??? sp. EMERY, 1884 Myrmicinae Dul N-Africa
Strongylognathus karawajewi  ??? sp. PISARSKI, 1966 Myrmicinae dDul Europe Host-queen-tolerant
Strongylognathus minutus  ??? sp. RADCHENKO, 1991 Myrmicinae Dul? Europe
Strongylognathus pisarskii  ??? sp. POLDI, 1994 Myrmicinae Dul? Europe
Strongylognathus potanini  ??? sp. RADCHENKO, 1995 Myrmicinae Dul? China
Strongylognathus testaceus  ??? sp. (SCHENCK, 1852) Myrmicinae dDul Europe Host-queen-tolerant
Strongylognathus tylonus  ??? sp. WEI, XU & HE, 2001 Myrmicinae Dul? China
Strumigenys xenos Strumigenys perplexa In (Workerless) Australia+New Zealand
Temnothorax adlerzi  ??? sp. (DOUWES, JESSEN & BUSCHINGER, 1988) Myrmicinae, Formicoxenini dDul Greece Workerless
Temnothorax algerianus  ??? sp. (CAGNIANT, 1968) Myrmicinae, Formicoxenini Dul N-Africa
Temnothorax bernardi  ??? sp. (ESPADALER, 1982) Myrmicinae, Formicoxenini Dul S-Europe
Temnothorax brunneus Leptothorax cf. marocanus () Myrmicinae Inq (workerless) X
Temnothorax birgitae  ??? sp. (SCHULZ, 1994) Myrmicinae, Formicoxenini dDul Tenerife Workerless
Temnothorax corsicus  ??? sp. (EMERY, 1895) Myrmicinae, Formicoxenini dDul S-Europe Workerless
Temnothorax gordiagini  ??? sp. (Ruzsky, 1902) Myrmicinae, Formicoxenini Dul SE-Europe
Temnothorax kraussei  ??? sp. (EMERY, 1915) Myrmicinae, Formicoxenini dDul S-Europe Workers few to none
Temnothorax ravouxi  ??? sp. (ANDRÉ, 1896) Myrmicinae, Formicoxenini Dul Europe
Temnothorax brunneus  ??? sp. CAGNIANT, 1985 Myrmicinae, Formicoxenini dDul N-Africa Workerless
Temnothorax duloticus  ??? sp. (WESSON, 1937) Myrmicinae, Formicoxenini Dul N-America
Temnothorax kutteri  ??? sp. CAGNIANT, 1973 Myrmicinae, Formicoxenini Dul S-Europe
Temnothorax minutissimus  ??? sp. (SMITH, 1942) Myrmicinae, Formicoxenini In N-America Host-queen-tolerant
Temnothorax muellerianus  ??? sp. (FINZI, 1922) Myrmicinae, Formicoxenini Dul S-Europe
Temnothorax sp.  ??? sp. S. Cover, in litt. Formicoxenini Dul N-America
Tetramorium inquilinum  ??? sp. KUTTER, 1950 Myrmicinae In Europe Host-queen-tolerant
Tetramorium atratulum T. caespitum, T. impurum, T. moravicum, T. chefketi (SCHENCK, 1852) Myrmicinae In Europe Queen-intolerant
Tetramorium kutteri T. caespitum, T. impurum TINAUT, 1990 Myrmicinae In S-Europe Host-queen-tolerant
Tetramorium seiferti T. cf. chefketi Kiran & Karaman, 2017 Myrmicinae Inq Turkey
Tetramorium buschengeri T. cf. chefketi Kiran & Karaman, 2017 Myrmicinae Inq Turkey
Vollenhovia nipponica  ??? sp. KINOMURA & YAMAUCHI, 1992 Myrmicinae In Japan