Acanthomyrmex sulawesiensis

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Acanthomyrmex sulawesiensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Acanthomyrmex
Species: A. sulawesiensis
Binomial name
Acanthomyrmex sulawesiensis
Terayama, Ito & Gobin, 1998

Identification

Terayama et al. (1998) - This species is similar to Acanthomyrmex basispinosus from Sulawesi, in having the propodeal spines with a wide basal portion. However, it is easily distinguished from the latter by the straight posterior margin of head in minors (strongly concave in basispinosus), the much broader head (CI > 120, whereas CI < 105 in basispinosus), and the higher petiolar node with acute spines at apex in minor and major workers (short and without spines in basispinosus).

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Indonesia (type locality), Sulawesi.

Check distribution from AntMaps.

Distribution based on specimens

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The above specimen data are provided by AntWeb. Please see Acanthomyrmex sulawesiensis for further details

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • sulawesiensis. Acanthomyrmex sulawesiensis Terayama, Ito & Gobin, 1998: 262, figs. 13-18, 25-27 (s.w.q.) INDONESIA (Sulawesi).

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Major. (holotype). HL 2.48 mm; HW 2.40 mm; SL 1.10 mm; CI 97; SI 46; WL 1.13 mm; PL 0.53 mm; PH 0.45 mm; DPW 0.27 mm; PPL 0.29 mm; PPH 0.43 mm; PPW 0.45 mm; TL 5.0 mm.

Head as long as wide, with concave posterior margin in fun face view; cephalic median hurrow developed, but very weak on vertex; frons and vertex subopaque and moderately punctate, with short erect hairs sparsely; punctures shallow, 0.05-0.13 mm in diameter, and separated by 1.0-1.2 X their diameters. Mandible subopaque, without distinct tooth. Anterior margin of clypeus weakly produced medially, and very weakly concave at midlength. Antennal scape with marc than 15 erect hairs; 2nd segment longer than wide; 3rd and 4th segments each slightly longer than wide; 5th to 9th segments each as long as wide. Antennal scrobe shallow, without funicular scrobe. Eye 0.25 mm in diameter.

Pronotum with punctures which are 0.05-0.08 mm in diameter; propodeal spine in profile straight, with a wide basal portion relatively abruptly narrowing to shaft of spine; length 0.50 mm; propodeal declivitous surface smooth and shining.

Petiole 1.18 X as long as high, with high and thin node; dorsum with 2 pairs of erect hairs; one near the top of node and the other in posterodorsal portion; lateral petiolar hairs present; in posterior view, dorsum with a pair of acute teeth as in Fig. 25. Postpetiole 0.67 X as long as wide, with 3 pairs of relatively short erect hairs dorsally; 2 pairs of lateral postpetiolar hairs present; dorsal margin convex, and highest at anterior 1/3 of its length; in dorsal view, postpetiole 0.5 X as long as wide and dorsal disc 0.41 X as long as wide.

Gaster subopaque and weakly shining excepting the anterior 1/3 of 1st tergite, with shallow sparse punctures, and scattered with erect hairs.

Body reddish brown, gaster darker; clypeus blackish brown; mandibles reddish brown excepting the masticatory and basal margines blackish brown; antennae and legs brown.

Minor. HL 1.01 mm; HW 1.28 mm; SL 1.08 mm; Cl 127; SI 84; WL 1.15 mm; PL 0.45 mm; PH 0.38 mm; DPW 0.26 mm; PPL 0.23 mm; PPH 0.36 mm; PPW 0.38 mm; TL 4.0 mm.

Head wider than long, with almost straight, very weakly convex posterior margin in full face view; frons and vertex coarsely punctate; the punctures large, 0.09-0.10 mm in diameter. Mandible subopaque. Clypeus without 2 longitudinal rugae; medial clypeal lobes very weakly developed; clypeal index 83. Eye 0.20 mm in diameter.

Pronotum with coarse punctures which are 0.06-0.09 mm in diameter; pronotal spine long, 0.53 mm long; mesonotal dorsum straight in profile; propodeal spine long with a wide base, and subequal in length to pronotal teeth.

Petiole 1.18 X as long as high, with high and thin node in profile; in posterior view, a pair of acute teeth present on posterolateral corners of node as in Fig. 26. Postpetiole 0.64 X as long as high, with convex dorsal margin in profile; dorsum with 3 pairs of erect hairs; 2 lateral postpetiolar hairs present; in dorsal view, postpetiole 0.55 X as long as wide, and dorsal disc 0.34 X as long as wide.

Gaster shagreened, with erect hairs.

Body reddish brown, gaster even darker; mandibles, antennae, and legs brown, somewhat yellowish.

Queen

Ergotoid queen. HL 1.13 mm; HW 2.50 mm; SL 1.15 mm; CI 122; SI 84; WL 1.00 mm; PL 0.45 mm; PH 0.43 mm; DPW 0.27 mm; PPL 0.23 mm; PPH 0.45 mm; PPW 0.43 mm; TL 4.0 mm.

General shape as in minor workers with the following differences: pronotal spines distinctly shorter than propodeal spines; mesanotal dorsum with a large transverse carina; propodeal spines with much broader base.

Type Material

Holotype. Major worker, Karaenta, KobupokeMaros, Sulawesi, Indonesia, 18.111.1996, B. Gobin leg. Paratypes. 5 minor workers. 5 ergatoid queens. Same colony as holotype.

Etymology

The specific epithet refers to the type locality.

References