Acromyrmex lobicornis

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Acromyrmex lobicornis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Acromyrmex
Species: A. lobicornis
Binomial name
Acromyrmex lobicornis
(Emery, 1888)

Acromyrmex lobicornis casent0217813 p 1 high.jpg

Acromyrmex lobicornis casent0217813 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Subspecies
Synonyms

An inhabitant of desert areas, this fungus growing ant harvests vegetation from a large range of plants. Acromyrmex lobicorni form large colonies, ~10,000 workers in a mature colony, and forage in well defined columns.

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil (type locality), Paraguay, Uruguay.

Check distribution from AntMaps.

Distribution based on specimens

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The above specimen data are provided by AntWeb. Please see Acromyrmex lobicornis for further details

Biology

Foraging

Nobua-Behrmann et al. (2017) studied temporal and thermal aspects of Acromyrmex lobicornis foraging behavior in the Monte Desert in Argentina where this species co-occurs with Acromyrmex striatus. Acromyrmex lobicornis colonies actively foraged from spring to autumn, with occasional external activity during winter. Foraging intensity was highest during spring and summer, with up to 150 ants (foragers returning to the nest) / 5 minutes. During spring and summer, A. lobicornis foraged mostly during the night, starting at dusk and continuing for up to 16 hours until the next morning. Colonies switched to diurnal foraging in autumn, when temperatures are lower. During the hottest months, the overall daily foraging pattern appears to be complementary to its similar co-occurring congener: A. striatus daily foraging activity begins in the mornings when A. lobicornis colonies are ceasing their foraging activity cycle. Furthermore, the ending of A. striatus colonies foraging activity in the evenings also coincides with the beginning of A. lobicornis foraging. During autumn, colonies still showed considerably high foraging activity (up to 80 ants / 5 minutes). Daily and seasonal variations in nest maintenance activity were broadly similar to foraging activity patterns, though spanning larger time ranges than their foraging activity (starting earlier and finishing later).

The ants foraged within a particular temperature range that was relatively constant throughout the year and differed from its congener: A. striatus colonies foraged at higher temperatures than A. lobicornis in all seasons (26 - 45 °C vs. 16 - 35 °C, respectively).

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • lobicornis. Atta (Acromyrmex) lobicornis Emery, 1888c: 358 (w.) BRAZIL. Emery, 1905c: 52 (q.m.). Combination in Acromyrmex: Bruch, 1914: 216. [Incorrectly recorded from Ivory Coast: Santschi, 1928f: 209.] Senior synonym of bucki, rufidens: Gonçalves, 1961: 148. Current subspecies: nominal plus cochlearis, ferrugineus, pencosensis, pruinosior.
  • bucki. Acromyrmex bucki Wasmann, 1931: 106 (w.) BRAZIL. Junior synonym of lobicornis: Gonçalves, 1961: 148.
  • rufidens. Acromyrmex lobicornis var. rufidens Santschi, 1933e: 120 (w.) BRAZIL. Junior synonym of lobicornis: Gonçalves, 1961: 148.

Description

References

  • Bruch, C. 1914. Catálogo sistemático de los formícidos argentinos. Rev. Mus. La Plata 19: 211-234 (page 216, Combination in Acromyrmex)
  • Emery, C. 1888c [1887]. Formiche della provincia di Rio Grande do Sûl nel Brasile, raccolte dal dott. Hermann von Ihering. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 19: 352-366 (page 358, worker described)
  • Emery, C. 1905f. Revisione delle specie del genere Atta appartenenti ai sottogeneri Moellerius e Acromyrmex. Mem. R. Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna (6)2:39-54 (page 52, queen, male described)
  • Gonçalves, C. R. 1961. O genero Acromyrmex no Brasil (Hym. Formicidae). Stud. Entomol. 4: 113-180 (page 148, senior synonym of bucki and rufidens)
  • Nobua-Behrmann, B. E., J. L. de Casenave, F. A. Milesi, and A. Farji-Brener. 2017. Coexisting in harsh environments: temperature-based foraging patterns of two desert leafcutter ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Attini). Myrmecological News. 25:41-49.