Adelomyrmex quetzal

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Adelomyrmex quetzal
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Solenopsidini
Genus: Adelomyrmex
Species: A. quetzal
Binomial name
Adelomyrmex quetzal
Longino, 2012

Adelomyrmex quetzal casent0614520 p 1 high.jpg

Adelomyrmex quetzal casent0614520 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

This species occurs in cloud forest, from 1550–1750 m elevation. It is known from ten different Winkler samples of sifted litter, from two regions of Guatemala.

Identification

Longino (2012) - Mandible lacking differentiated basal and masticatory margins; counting from apex, fifth tooth closer to sixth (basal) tooth than to fourth tooth; scape lacking long erect setae projecting above underlying pubescence; gaster dark red brown, concolorous with rest of body (gaster contrastingly yellow in the similar Adelomyrmex mackayi); metanotal groove not impressed (impressed in A. mackayi).

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Guatemala (type locality).

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Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • quetzal. Adelomyrmex quetzal Longino, 2012: 28, figs. 20, 21 (w.) GUATEMALA.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

HW 0.67–0.71 (n=6); mandible without differentiated masticatory and basal margins, with six distinct teeth distributed from apex to base, fifth tooth closer to sixth (basal) tooth than to fourth tooth, and with a deep notch between sixth tooth and basal condyle; dorsal surface of mandible with several coarse longitudinal striae and several large piligerous puncta; in full face view, lateral clypeal teeth project from beneath clypeal shelf; lateral clypeal teeth located on anterior (ventral) margin of clypeus and separate from transverse carina that forms clypeal shelf; hypostomal tooth absent; compound eye composed of 11–13 ommatidia; face fully sculptured with longitudinal rugae.

Short anterior face of pronotum well separated from dorsal face by an elevated transverse ruga; dorsal profile of promesonotum and propodeum forming a single arched convexity, metanotal groove not impressed; propodeal spines pronounced, acute; space between propodeal spines a broad concavity without distinct dorsal and posterior faces, smooth and shiny with a few transverse rugae; rest of mesosoma with strong, linear, longitudinal rugae; petiolar and postpetiolar nodes subquadrate with differentiated anterior, dorsal, and posterior faces; petiole and postpetiole coarsely irregularly rugose laterally, transversely rugose dorsally; postpetiole in dorsal view about as long as wide to slightly longer than wide, with straight anterior margin and evenly rounded posterior margin; gastral dorsum smooth and shining.

Scape with abundant long subdecumbent pubescence; clypeus and frontal carinae with long erect setae; posterior and posterolateral margins of head with long erect setae; mid and hind tibia with abundant long subdecumbent setae and 2–3 differentiated erect setae that are longer than width of tibia; in profile, dorsal surfaces of head, mesosoma, and gaster with relatively sparse, long, erect setae; FSH about 0.08, FSI 0.11.

Color dark red brown.

Type Material

Holotype worker. Guatemala, Baja Verapaz: Biotopo Quetzal, 15.21224 −90.21421 ±50 m, 1750 m, 7 May 2009 (LLAMA Wa-B-02-1-39) [CAS, unique specimen identifier CASENT0614520]. Paratypes (workers): Guatemala, Baja Verapaz: 4.5km S Purulha, 15.226 −90.2 ±10 km, 1630 m, 21 May 1991 (R. S. Anderson 91-006) [ICN, CASENT0604444], [INBIO, CASENT0604450], [UCD, CASENT0604453], [UNAM, CASENT0604443]; same data but 24 May 1991 (R. S. Anderson 91-019) [LACM, CASENT0603653], [UVGC, CASENT0603652]; 7.5km S Purulha, 15.2 −90.2 ±12 km, 1630 m, 26 May 1991 (R. S. Anderson 91-026) [BMNH, CASENT0601496], [EAPZ, CASENT0601501], [ECOSCE, CASENT0601495], [MCZC, CASENT0627819], [MZSP, CASENT0627816], [USNM, CASENT0627815].

Etymology

Referring to the type locality.

References

  • Longino, J.T. 2012. A review of the ant genus Adelomyrmex Emery 1897 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in Central America. Zootaxa 3456, 1–35.