Anillidris

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Anillidris
Anillidris bruchi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dolichoderinae
Tribe: Leptomyrmecini
Genus: Anillidris
Santschi, 1936
Type species
Anillidris bruchi
Diversity
1 species
(Species Checklist)

Anillidris bruchi

This genus is represented by a single species Anillidris bruchi.

Identification

Shattuck (1992) - Worker: Frontal lobes very close together; central region of clypeus raised, with a distinct medial trough and lateral ridges; compound eyes absent; palp formula 2:3; entire body covered with dense, short, erect pubescence. Known only from Argentina and Brazil. Queen: Palp formula 3:4; anterior clypeal margin with about 22 erect hairs. Male: Palp formula 3:4; mandible with 6 to 7 teeth, 1 denticle, and a distinct basal angle; fore wing with 2 closed cubital cells and 1 closed discoidal cell.

Distribution

World distribution based on political regions. View/Edit Data
Anillidris Distribution.png Worlddistribution legend.jpg

Species richness

Species richness by country based on regional taxon lists (countries with darker colours are more species-rich). View Data

Anillidris Species Richness.png

Biology

See the Anillidris bruchi species page for details of this monotypic species' biology.

Castes

Worker of Anillidris bruchi from Viçosa, Minas Gerais state, southeastern Brazil. A: head in full-face view, B: body in dorsal view, C: body in profile (Fig. 1 from Schmidt et al., 2013).
Gyne of Anillidris bruchi from Seara, Santa Catarina state, southern Brazil. A: head in full-face view, B: body in dorsal view, C: body in profile (Fig. 2 from Schmidt et al., 2013).
Male of Anillidris bruchi from Seara, Santa Catarina state, southern Brazil. A: head in full-face view, B: body in dorsal view, C: body in profile (Fig. 3 from Schmidt et al., 2013).

Morphology

Worker Morphology

 • Antennal segment count 12 • Palp formula 2,3 • Total dental count 7-8 • Spur formula ?, 1 pectinate • Eyes present • Scrobes absent • Sting absent (from literature)

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • ANILLIDRIS [Dolichoderinae: Leptomyrmecini]
    • Anillidris Santschi, 1936d: 414. Type-species: Anillidris bruchi, by original designation.
    • Anillidris junior synonym of Linepithema: Kusnezov, 1958d: 273.
    • Anillidris revived status as genus: Shattuck, 1992c: 33.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Shattuck (1992):

Worker

HEAD. Vertex weakly convex. Compound eyes and ocelli absent. Antennae 12 segmented. Scape short, surpassing the vertex by less than one-third its length. Anterolateral clypeal margin even with the mediolateral region. Anteromedial clypeal margin entire, without a central notch or concavity of any type. Anterior clypeal setae about 4; short, less than twice the maximum scape diameter; moderately curved ventrally. Posterior clypeal margin even with or posterior to the posterior surfaces of the antennal socket cavities. Anterior tentorial pit nearer the antennal socket than the mandibular insertion. Frontal carina present. Anterolateral hypostoma reduced to a thin sclerite. Medial hypostoma entire. Psammophore absent. MOUTHPARTS. Palp formula 2:3 (Santschi 1936). Mandible with 4 teeth and 3 denticles. Apical tooth subequal in length to the subapical tooth. Basal angle distinct, with a well developed tooth or angle separating the masticatory and basal margins. Basal margin smooth and without teeth or denticles. MESOSOMA. Posteroventral pronotum lateral, rounded. Mesopleural process absent. Declivitous face of propodeum weakly convex; dorsal face convex, subequal in length to the declivitous face. Propodeal angle distinct. Mesosomal spines and tooth absent. Erect pro notal hairs numerous; very short, less than the maximum scape width. Dorsal promesonotal junction with the pronotum and mesonotum even. Metanotal groove reduced to a suture and with the mesonotum and propodeum forming a continuous, uninterrupted surface. Metanotal spiracle lateral and ventral of the dorsal surface when viewed in lateral profile. Propodeal spiracle lateral and ventral ofthe propodeal dorsum. Hind tibial spur with well developed barbules along entire inner surface (except extreme base). PETIOLE. Scale present; ridged and with a distinct angle dorsally; strongly inclined anteriorly and with the anterior face much shorter than the posterior face. Venter with a slight or weakly developed lobe. GASTER. First tergite damaged in available material. Fifth tergite ventral, gaster with 4 apparent tergites. GENERAL CHARACTERS. Worker caste monomorphic. Chromosome number unknown. Integument thin and flexible, weakly sculptured.

Queen

HEAD. Vertex weakly convex. Compound eyes relatively anterior on head. Antennae 12 segmented. Scape short, surpassing the vertex by less than onehalf scape length. Anterolateral clypeal margin even with the mediolateral region. Anteromedial clypeal margin entire, without a central notch or concavity of any type. Anterior clypeal setae about 22; short, less than twice the maximum scape diameter; straight. Posterior clypeal margin even with or posterior to the posterior surfaces of the antennal socket cavities. Anterior tentorial pit nearer the antennal socket than the mandibular insertion. Anterolateral hypostoma reduced to a thin sclerite. Medial hypostoma entire. Psammophore absent. MOUTHPARTS. Palp formula 3:4 (Santschi 1936). Mandible with 8 teeth and no denticles. Apical tooth slightly longer than the subapical tooth. Basal angle distinct, with a well developed tooth or angle separating the masticatory and basal margins. Basal margin smooth and without teeth or denticles. MESOSOMA. Posteroventral pronotum lateral, rounded. Episternal suture complete. Mesopleural process absent. Axilla parallel (very narrow across dorsal surface) and entire. Anterior axillar suture straight. Declivitous face of propodeum convex; dorsal face convex, subequal in length to the declivitous face. Propodeal angle indistinct. Propodeal suture absent. Mesosomal spines and tooth absent. Erect mesoscutal hairs absent. Propodeal spiracle lateral and ventral ofthe propodeal dorsum. Hind tibial spur with well developed barbules along entire inner surface (except extreme base). WINGS. Radial cell closed. Fore wing with 2 cubital and 1 discoidal cell. Hind wing with 2 cells. PETIOLE. Scale present; ridged and with a distinct angle dorsally; vertical and not inclined anteriorly. Venter with a slight or weakly developed lobe. GASTER. First segment vertical and not concealing the petiole in dorsal view and with a groove or indentation for the reception of the basal portion of the petiole. Fifth tergite ventral, gaster with 4 apparent tergites. Gastral compression absent (gaster circular in cross section). Fourth sternite flat across entire posterior border.

Male

HEAD. Inner margin of eye entire, flat. Scape length shorter than the length of funicular segments 2+3. First funicular segment barrel-shaped. Second funicular segment cylindrical, straight. Funicular segments 2 and 3 at most twice as long as broad. Third and fourth funicular segments straight. Anteromedial clypeal margin entire, without a central notch or concavity of any type. Anterior clypeal setae 6; short, about as long as the maximum diameter of the scape; straight. Posterior clypeal margin between the anterior and posterior surfaces of the antennal socket cavities. Anterior tentorial pit nearer the antennal socket than the mandibular insertion. Anterolateral hypostoma reduced to a thin sclerite. Medial hypostoma entire. MOUTHPARTS. Palp formula 3:4 (Santschi 1936). Mandible with 6-7 teeth and 1 denticle. Apical tooth slightly longer than the subapical tooth. Basal angle distinct, with a well developed tooth or angle separating the masticatory and basal margins. Basal margin smooth and without teeth or denticles. MESOSOMA. Posteroventral pronotum lateral, rounded. Episternal suture present, complete. Axilla parallel and entire. Anterior axillar suture straight. Declivitous and dorsal faces of propodeum convex. Propodeal angle indistinct. WINGS. Radial cell closed. Fore wing with 2 cubital and 1 discoidal cell. Pterostigmal appendage absent. Hind wing with 2 cells. PETIOLE. Scale present; ridged and with a distinct angle dorsally; vertical and not inclined anteriorly. Venter with a we" developed lobe. Attachment to gaster broad. GASTER. First segment elongated posteriorly, smooth and without a groove or indentation. GENITALIA. Pygostyles present. Posterior margin of subgenital plate with a 'V" -shaped notch. Paramere entire. Digitus linear, with a slight ventral arch. Ventral lobe of volsella present as concave lobe.

References

  • Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. (page 26, Anillidris in Dolichoderinae, Dolichoderini; Anillidris as genus)
  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 20, Anillidris as genus)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 83, Anillidris as genus)
  • Borgmeier, T. 1937b. Formigas novas ou pouco conhecidas da América do Sul e Central, principalmente do Brasil (Hym. Formicidae). Arch. Inst. Biol. Veg. (Rio J.) 3: 217-255
  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1973b. A comparison of the Hylean and Congo-West African rain forest ant faunas. Pp. 161-185 in: Meggers, B. J., Ayensu, E. S., Duckworth, W. D. (eds.) Tropical forest ecosystems in Africa and South America: a comparative review. Wash (page 169, Anillidris provisionally revived from synonymy; page 623, Anillidris in Dolichoderinae, Tapinomini)
  • Kempf, W. W. 1972b. Catálogo abreviado das formigas da regia~o Neotropical. Stud. Entomol. 15: 3-344 (page 135, Anillidris junior synonym of Linepithema)
  • Kusnezov, N. 1953. Die Ameisenfauna Argentiniens. Zool. Anz. 150:15-25.
  • Kusnezov, N. 1958d. Nota sobre la sinonimia de Linepithema Mayr (Hym. Formicidae. Dolichoderinae). Acta Zool. Lilloana 16: 273 (page 273, Anillidris junior synonym of Linepithema)
  • Kusnezov, N. 1959. Die Dolichoderinen-Gattungen von Süd-Amerika (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Zool. Anz. 162: 38-51 (page 50, Anillidris junior synonym of Linepithema)
  • Santschi, F. 1936d. Fourmis nouvelles ou intéressantes de la République Argentine. Rev. Entomol. (Rio J.) 6: 402-421 (page 414, Anillidris as genus)
  • Schmidt, F.A., Feitosa, R.M., de Moraes Rezende, F. & Silva de Jesus, R. 2013. News on the enigmatic ant genus Anillidris (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Dolichoderinae: Leptomyrmecini). Myrmecological News 19, 25-30. PDF
  • Shattuck, S. O. 1992c. Generic revision of the ant subfamily Dolichoderinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology 21: 1-181 (page 33, Anillidris revived from synonymy, and review of genus: Anillidris in Dolichoderinae, Dolichoderini: Anillidris as genus)
  • Shattuck, S. O. 1994. Taxonomic catalog of the ant subfamilies Aneuretinae and Dolichoderinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Univ. Calif. Publ. Entomol. 112:i-xix, 1-241. (page 3, Anillidris as genus)