Anochetus gladiator

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Anochetus gladiator
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Anochetus
Species: A. gladiator
Binomial name
Anochetus gladiator
(Mayr, 1862)

Anochetus gladiator casent0217505 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Indonesia (type locality), Sulawesi.

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Biology

Castes

Worker

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • tyrannicus. Odontomachus tyrannicus Smith, F. 1861b: 44, pl. 1, fig. 4 (w.) INDONESIA (Sulawesi). [Junior primary homonym of Odontomachus tyrannicus Smith, F. 1859a: 144.] Combination in Anochetus: Dalla Torre, 1893: 48. Senior synonym of Anochetus gladiator: Dalla Torre, 1893: 48; hence gladiator first available replacement name. See also: Brown, 1978c: 574.
  • gladiator. Stenomyrmex gladiator Mayr, 1862: 712 (w.) INDONESIA (Misool I.). Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1976a: 62 (l.). Combination in Anochetus: Dalla Torre, 1893: 48. Junior synonym of Odontomachus tyrannicus Smith, F. 1861b: 44 (Dalla Torre, 1893: 48), hence first available replacement name for Odontomachus tyrannicus Smith, F. 1861b: 44 [junior primary homonym of Odontomachus tyrannicus Smith, F. 1859a: 144]: Brown, 1978c: 556. Senior synonym of smithii, gladiator Donisthorpe (unnecessary secondary replacement names): Brown, 1978c: 556. See also Brown, 1978c: 574).
  • smithii. Odontomachus smithii Roger, 1863b: 21. Combination in Anochetus: Forel, 1911e: 250. [Unnecessary replacement name for tyrannicus Smith, F. 1861b: 44.] Junior synonym of gladiator: Brown, 1978c: 556.
  • gladiator. Odontomachus gladiator Donisthorpe, 1932c: 467. Unnecessary replacement name for Odontomachus tyrannicus Smith, F. 1861b: 44 and hence junior synonym of gladiator Mayr, 1862: 712, the first available replacement name: Brown, 1978c: 556.


The following notes on F. Smith type specimens have been provided by Barry Bolton (details):

Odontomachus tyrannicus

Two syntype workers in The Natural History Museum. Both specimens have been equipped with a blue “syntype” disc. The labels on the two are slightly different, but there is no way of proving if one is not an original syntype.

  • Worker 1, labelled “Celebes”; written under the stage-card is, “Celebes. Taken by Wallace n. sp.”
  • Worker 2, labelled “Celebes, Manado. 60/76.” Acc. Reg. “1860 no. 76 (Sept. 13) Celebes (Manado). Purchased of Stevens. Collected by A. Wallace.”

Description

References

  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1978c. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section B. Genus Anochetus and bibliography. Stud. Entomol. 20: 549-638 (page 556, first available replacement name)
  • Donisthorpe, H. 1932c. On the identity of Smith's types of Formicidae (Hymenoptera) collected by Alfred Russell Wallace in the Malay Archipelago, with descriptions of two new species. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 10(10): 441-476 (page 467, Anochetus)
  • Mayr, G. 1862. Myrmecologische Studien. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 12: 649-776 (page 712, junior synonym of gladiator Mayr)
  • Smith, F. 1861b. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects collected by Mr. A. R. Wallace in the islands of Ceram, Celebes, Ternate, and Gilolo. [part]. J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. Zool. 6: 36-48 (page 44, unnecessary replacement name for Odontomachus tyrannicus Smith, 1861)
  • Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1976a. Supplementary studies on ant larvae: Ponerinae. Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 102: 41-64 (page 62, larva described)