Anochetus traegaordhi

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Anochetus traegaordhi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Anochetus
Species: A. traegaordhi
Binomial name
Anochetus traegaordhi
Mayr, 1904

Anochetus traegaordhi sam-hym-c001378b profile 1.jpg

Anochetus traegaordhi sam-hym-c001378b dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Synonyms

In Cameroon and Congo this species was found to specialize on feeding on Nasutitermes termites, nesting in logs occupied by this prey (Schatz et al. 1999). In Saudi Arabia, Sharaf et al. (2017) found this species nesting in soil that was moist and rich in organic matter. A nest series was also found under a large Ficus tree (Moraceae) in Thi Ayn Archeological Village (Al Bahah Province) collected by digging. Some workers were found foraging in leaf litter at Wadi Aljora.

Identification

Sharaf et al. (2017) - Anochetus traegaordhi is a member of the Anochetus ghilianii-group as mentioned by Brown (1978). The A. ghilianii-group can be recognized by the medium or large body and eye sizes, the short cephalic longitudinal striations that fail to reach nuchal carina, the smooth and shining cephalic surface, and the thick, upright, compressed petiolar node as seen from profile.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Cameroun, Congo, Eritrea, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Mozambique, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Sudan (type locality), Yemen, Zimbabwe.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Collingwood (1985) - Scattered accounts include a Zimbabwe collection from a sandy soil nest (Arnold 1946), a nest discovered under a tree in Sudan (Viehmeyer 1923) and two foragers found foraging on the ground in bushy scrub.

Sharaf et al. (2017) - This species was collected nesting in soil that was moist and rich in organic matter. A nest series was found also under a large Ficus tree (Moraceae) in Thi Ayn Archeological Village (Al Bahah Province) collected by digging. Some workers were found foraging in leaf litter at Wadi Aljora.

Castes

Worker

Queen


Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • traegaordhi. Anochetus traegaordhi Mayr, 1904b: 2 (w.) SUDAN. Senior synonym of silvaticus: Brown, 1964d: 215; of angusticornis, gracilicornis (and its junior synonym sudanicus): Brown, 1978c: 559 (see also p. 598).
  • gracilicornis. Anochetus gracilicornis Viehmeyer, 1923: 87, fig. 1 (w.) SUDAN. Senior synonym of sudanicus: Brown, 1964d: 215. Junior synonym of traegaordhi: Brown, 1978c: 559.
  • sudanicus. Anochetus sudanicus Weber, 1942a: 47, fig. 7 (w.) SUDAN. Junior synonym of gracilicornis: Brown, 1964d: 215.
  • angusticornis. Anochetus angusticornis Arnold, 1946: 56 (w.q.) ZIMBABWE. Junior synonym of traegaordhi: Brown, 1978c: 559.
  • silvaticus. Anochetus silvaticus Bernard, 1953b: 212, fig. 5 (w.q.) GUINEA. Junior synonym of traegaordhi: Brown, 1964d: 215.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Sharaf et al. (2017) - EL 0.25–0.30, HL 1.50–1.75, HW 1.25–1.50, MDL 0.90–1.05, ML 2.00–2.25, PNH 0.65–0.95, PNL 0.30–0.40, PNW 0.25–0.40, PW 0.60–0.80, SL 1.45–1.60, TL 5.35–7.50; Indices: CI 77–93, EI 17–22, MDI 57–63, PNI 157–317, SI 100–116 (n=9). The specimens used for measurements were recent collections from the KSA.

Head: Posterior margin of head strongly concave; eyes of moderate size (EI 17–22); scapes short, fail to reach posterior margin of head. Mesosoma: Promesonotum feebly convex in profile; metanotal groove impressed; propodeal dorsum about 2.5 3 longer than declivity; propodeal outline obtusely angulate. Petiole: In profile, anterior face broadly concave, posterior face feebly convex; petiolar node narrowly rounded. Sculpture: Cephalic surface smooth and shining except for fine striations between frontal carinae, running posteriorly and outwards to level of posterior margin of eyes; mesosoma faintly and irregularly rugulose; mesopleuron smooth; petiole and gaster smooth and shining. Pilosity: Cephalic surface without hairs or pubescence, anterior clypeal margin with few simple hairs, mandibles and antennae with appressed pubescence, mesosoma with scattered short hairs (hair length 0.08), gaster with scattered hairs. Color: Uniform yellow, gastral tergites yellow with brown tint.

Type Material

Sharaf et al. (2017) - (w.) Sudan. Afrotropical. Type not located.

References

  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1964m. Synonymy and variation of some species of the ant genus Anochetus. J. Kans. Entomol. Soc. 37: 212-215 (page 215, senior synonym of silvaticus)
  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1978c. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section B. Genus Anochetus and bibliography. Stud. Entomol. 20: 549-638 (page 559, senior synonym of angusticornis and gracilicornis (and its junior synonym sudanicus))
  • Collingwood, C. A. 1985. Hymenoptera: Fam. Formicidae of Saudi Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia. 7:230–302.
  • Mayr, G. 1904b. Formiciden aus Ägypten und dem Sudan. In: Jägerskiöld, L. A. Results of the Swedish Zoological Expedition to Egypt and the White Nile, 1901. Part 1 (no. 9). Uppsala: Library of the Royal University of Uppsala, 11 pp. (page 2, worker described)
  • Schatz B., Orivel J., Lachaud J.P., Beugnon G. and Dejean A. 1999. Sitemate recognition: the case of Anochetus traegordhi (Hymenoptera; Formicidae) preying on Nasutitermes (Isoptera:Termitidae). Sociobiolgy. 34(3):569–580.
  • Sharaf, M.R., Monks, J., Aldawood, A.S., Polaszek, A. 2017. Anochetus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the Arabian Peninsula, with description of a new species from Oman. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 119, 78–89 (DOI: 10.4289/0013-8797.119.1.78)
  • Tinaut, A. 1989. Contribucion al estudio de los formicidos de la region del estrecho de Gibraltar y su interes biogeografico (Hym., Formicidae). Graellsia. 45: 19–29.
  • Viehmeyer, H. 1923. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der mit Unterstützung der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien aus der Erbschaft treitl von F. Werner unternommenen Zoologischen Expedition nach dem Anglo-Ägyptischen Sudan (Kordofan) 1914. 7. Hymenoptera A. Formicidae. Denkschriften der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien (Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse). 98: 83–94.