Anonychomyrma malandana

AntWiki - Where Ant Biologists Share Their Knowledge
Jump to: navigation, search
Anonychomyrma malandana
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dolichoderinae
Genus: Anonychomyrma
Species: A. malandana
Binomial name
Anonychomyrma malandana
(Forel, 1915)

Anonychomyrma malandana casent0909540 p 1 high.jpg

Anonychomyrma malandana casent0909540 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Anonychomyrma species are common in moist to semi-arid forested areas (and are less common in rain forests). They nest either in soil with or without coverings, or arboreally in living or dead wood. Workers forage in conspicuous trails on the ground and on tree trunks. Although not studied in detail, they seem to be general predators and also collect plant juices. Some species are associated with the caterpillars of selected butterflies. Nest sizes are moderate to large, ranging from 500 to tens of thousands of workers. When disturbed, most species elevate their gasters and release strong, acrid smelling chemicals as a defensive measure. While similar to Iridomyrmex in general habitat preferences and ecology, most Anonychomyrma prefer moister sites and are predominately arboreal. Iridomyrmex species occur in drier sites and are predominantly terrestrial.

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • malandana. Iridomyrmex innocens r. malandanus Forel, 1915b: 81 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Combination in Anonychomyrma: Shattuck, 1992a: 13. Raised to species: Shattuck, 1992a: 13.

Type Material

  • Iridomyrmex innocens malandanus Forel, 1915: Syntype, 1 worker, Malanda, Queensland, Australia, Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève.
  • Iridomyrmex innocens malandanus Forel, 1915: Syntype, worker(s), Bellenden Ker, Malanda and Chillagoe, Queensland, Australia.

Description

References

  • Forel, A. 1915b. Results of Dr. E. Mjöbergs Swedish Scientific Expeditions to Australia 1910-13. 2. Ameisen. Ark. Zool. 9(1 16: 1-119 (page 81, worker described)
  • Shattuck, S. O. 1992a. Review of the dolichoderine ant genus Iridomyrmex Mayr with descriptions of three new genera (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). J. Aust. Entomol. Soc. 31: 13-18 (page 13, combination in Anonychomyrma, and raised to species)