Aphaenogaster campana

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Aphaenogaster campana
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Stenammini
Genus: Aphaenogaster
Species: A. campana
Binomial name
Aphaenogaster campana
Emery, 1878

Aphaenogaster campana casent0904161 p 1 high.jpg

Aphaenogaster campana casent0904161 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Nothing is known about the biology of Aphaenogaster campana.

Identification

A member of the A. testaceopilosa group. Boer (2013) - The workers, gynes, and especially the males are rather easy to distinguish from the other species (see keys), and only because of their shiny parts they could be misidentified as Aphaenogaster semipolita (see worker key).

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Albania, Italy (type locality), Malta.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • campana. Aphaenogaster testaceopilosa var. campana Emery, 1878b: 54, fig. (w.q.m.) ITALY. Subspecies of testaceopilosa: Emery, 1908c: 322; Emery, 1916b: 131; Emery, 1921f: 62. Raised to species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 100; Santschi, 1933c: 400; Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 40.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Boer (2013) - Lateral sides of mesosoma with distinct longitudinal rugulae. Rugulose sculpture on the dorsal side coarse. Most of the workers with longitudinal rugae on posterior part of propodeum. Head in full-face view with longitudinal rugulae with cross-connections. Clypeus of nearly all workers with transverse, U-shaped rugulae. Terminal side of propodeum, beneath the propodeal spines nearly smooth, sometimes transversely costulate. Dorsal half of lateral sides of petiole and postpetiole with or without punctation. Dorsal side of petiolar nodes punctate. Dorsal side of postpetiole with longitudinal costulae that continue into microstriae on first gastral tergite. Posterior half of gaster often smooth. Pronotum nearly glossy. Dorsal side of the gaster glossy satin. Head and mesosoma nearly matt. Dorsal half of lateral sides of petiole and postpetiole wax glossy. Dorsal side of petiolar nodes, terminal side of propodeum, beneath the propodeal spines and lateral sides of gaster glossy to shiny. Petiole equal in height to postpetiole or somewhat higher. Antennal club 4-segmented. Propodeum in lateral view generally slightly bulging. Setosity on propodeum longer than on other parts.

Measurements (n = 29). CI 69–80 (76); CL 1.16–1.57 (1.36) mm; CW 0.84–1.24 (1.03) mm; PHI 27–36 (32); PI 67–96 (81); PPPI 48–58 (51); PSI 144–200 (168); PSLWI 89–136 (114); PWI 20–35 (23); RPH 113–150 (133); RPSI 33–64 (46); SI 136–151 (144); SI/CI 173–230 (191); SL 1.32–1.70 (1.48) mm; SPD 1–3 (2.2); SPL 1–5 (1.7)

Queen

Boer (2013) - Longitudinal rugulae on head, scutellum, anterior side of postpetiole and on some parts of mesoscutum. Transverse rugulae on clypeus, pronotum, propodeum, posterior side of petioles and on some parts of mesoscutum. Punctation distinct on head, weakly pronounced on mesosoma and petioles. Less than ten transverse microstriae near base of first gastral tergite. Anterior side of the petiole smooth. Mesosoma dorsally matt glossy, gaster dorsally satin. Mesosoma and dorsal side of petioles glossy. Antennal club 4-segmented. Scape weakly or not at all rugulose. Scutellum rises slightly above the mesoscutum and bends over the metanotum.

Measurements (n = 3). CI 86–91; CL 1.70–1.77 mm; CW: 1.52–1.55 mm; OCI: 27–30 (28); PHI 129–132; PI 70–79; PPPI 63–69; PSI 213–233; PSLWI: 100–118; PWI 28–33; RPH: 36–37; RPSI 63–93; SI 106–110; SI/CI 116–124; SL 1.64–1.68 mm; SPL 1–4.

Male

Boer (2013) - Rugulae only on lateral parts of the propodeum. Punctation on head, lateral sides of the mesosoma, petioles and on clypeus very weak. Dorsal side of propodeum, petioles and dorsal side of gaster very weakly microreticulated, nearly smooth. Head, clypeus and mesoscutum softly glossy, dorsal side of gaster wax glossy. Dorsal side of propodeum, lateral sides of mesosoma and gaster shiny. Antennal club 5-segmented. Pubescence on hind tibia suberect to erect, their length longer than the diameter of the tibia. Mesoscutum strongly elevated (more than in other species). (Scutellum lower than mesoscutum, bent over metanotum. Head without frontal midline. No groove at posterior side of the propodeum, terminal end rounded. Propodeum wider than metasternum and bulging, saddle-shaped.

Measurements (n = 6). CI 94–102 (97); CL 0.70–0.78 (0.74) mm; CW 0.67–0.75 (0.72) mm; EYI 41–47 (43); OCI 40–45 (42); SL/CL 40–43 (41); SL 0.30–0.31 (0.31) mm.

References

  • Baroni Urbani, C. 1971c. Catalogo delle specie di Formicidae d'Italia (Studi sulla mirmecofauna d'Italia X). Mem. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 50: 5-287 (page 40, raised to species)
  • Boer, P. 2013. Revision of the European ants of the Aphaenogaster testaceopilosa-group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 156, 57–93.
  • Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 100, raised to species)
  • Emery, C. 1878c. Catalogo delle formiche esistenti nelle collezioni del Museo Civico di Genova. Parte seconda. Formiche dell'Europa e delle regioni limitrofe in Africa e in Asia. [concl.]. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 12: 49-59 (page 54, fig. worker, queen, male described)
  • Emery, C. 1908d. Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. (Hym.) (Fortsetzung.) III. Die mit Aphaenogaster verwandte Gattungengruppe. Dtsch. Entomol. Z. 1908: 305-338 (page 322, retained as subspecies)
  • Emery, C. 1916a [1915]. Fauna entomologica italiana. I. Hymenoptera.-Formicidae. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 47: 79-275 (page 131, retained as subspecies)
  • Emery, C. 1921c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174A:1-94 94: 1-94 + 7 (page 62, retained as subspecies)
  • Santschi, F. 1933d. Étude sur le sous-genre Aphaenogaster Mayr. Rev. Suisse Zool. 40: 389-408 (page 400, raised to species)