Aphaenogaster texana

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Aphaenogaster texana
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Stenammini
Genus: Aphaenogaster
Species: A. texana
Binomial name
Aphaenogaster texana
Wheeler, W.M., 1915

Aphaenogaster texana casent0102827 profile 1.jpg

Aphaenogaster texana casent0102827 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen Label

Synonyms

Nests under stones, in moist, rocky soil.

Identification

Aphaenogaster texana was described as similar to Aphaenogaster carolinensis, but with longer spines and directed further upwards. This research finds overlapping morphological characters with both Aphaenogaster texana and Aphaenogaster rudis. DNA data indicates that A. texana occurs west of the Mississippi River. (DeMarco, 2015)

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Nearctic Region: United States (type locality).
Neotropical Region: Mexico.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • texana. Aphaenogaster texana Wheeler, W.M. 1915b: 412 (w.q.m.) U.S.A.
    • [First available use of Stenamma (Aphaenogaster) fulvum subsp. aquia var. texanum Emery, 1895c: 306 (w.) U.S.A; unavailable (infrasubspecific) name.]
    • Wheeler, W.M. 1915b: 413 (q.m.). Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1953b: 62 (l.).
    • Combination in A. (Attomyrma): Emery, 1921f: 60.
    • Status as species: Wheeler, W.M. 1915b: 412; Wheeler, W.M. 1917a: 516; Creighton, 1950a: 151; Smith, M.R. 1951a: 797; Smith, D.R. 1979: 1363; Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1986g: 36 (in key); Bolton, 1995b: 73; Umphrey, 1996: 558 (in key); Mackay & Mackay, 2002: 78.
    • Senior synonym of furvescens, silvestrii: Creighton, 1950a: 152.
    • Senior synonym of crinimera: Shattuck & Cover, 2016: 14.
    • [Note: two unidentifiable taxa were originally attached to texana: see entries under nana and punctithorax.]
  • crinimera. Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma) huachucana subsp. crinimera Cole, 1953b: 82, fig. 1 (w.q.m.) U.S.A.
    • Subspecies of huachucana: Cole, 1953d: 243; Smith, D.R. 1979: 1361; Bolton, 1995b: 69; Mackay & Mackay, 2002: 75.
    • Junior synonym of texana: Shattuck & Cover, 2016: 14.
  • furvescens. Aphaenogaster texana var. furvescens Wheeler, W.M. 1915b: 413 (w.q.) U.S.A.
    • Combination in Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma): Emery, 1921f: 60.
    • Subspecies of texana: Wheeler, W.M. 1917a: 517; Emery, 1921f: 60; Smith, M.R. 1951a: 798.
    • Junior synonym of texana: Creighton, 1950a: 152; Smith, D.R. 1979: 1363.
  • silvestrii. Aphaenogaster (Deromyrma) silvestrii Menozzi, 1929b: 282, fig. 1 (w.q.) U.S.A.
    • Combination in Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma): Wheeler, W.M. 1932a: 5.
    • Subspecies of texana: Wheeler, W.M. 1932a: 5; Smith, M.R. 1951a: 798.
    • Junior synonym of texana: Creighton, 1950a: 153; Smith, D.R. 1979: 1363.

Type Material

Description

References