Aptinoma mangabe

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Aptinoma mangabe
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dolichoderinae
Tribe: Tapinomini
Genus: Aptinoma
Species: A. mangabe
Binomial name
Aptinoma mangabe
Fisher, 2009

Aptinoma mangabe casent0106175 profile 1.jpg

Aptinoma mangabe casent0106175 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen Label

Specimens were collected from dead twigs or vines, or foraging in the canopy. Males were collected in colonies in April and July. The only queen collected was an ergatoid. (Fisher 2009)

At a Glance • Ergatoid queen  
 

Identification

  • In profile, metanotal groove distinct and set in shallow V-shaped impression. Propodeal dorsum more or less convex, meeting steeply sloped declivity in blunt, narrowly rounded curve. In dorsal view, lateral margin of pronotum evenly convex, without blunt angle at widest point. Body light to dark brown . . . . Aptinoma antongil
  • In profile, metanotal groove not set in a V-shaped impression. Propodeum in absolute profile without differentiated dorsal and declivitous surfaces, forming single evenly rounded surface. In dorsal view, lateral margin of pronotum with blunt angle at widest point. Body yellow to orange . . . . . Aptinoma mangabe

A. mangabe can be separated from A. antongil by color and shape of propodeum and metanotal groove as outlined in the key above. (Differences in minor workers are discussed under antongil).

Distribution

Distribution is limited to forests around Antongil Bay including the island of Nosy Mangabe and the adjacent forest of the Masoala Peninsula.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Malagasy Region: Madagascar (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Male

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • mangabe. Aptinoma mangabe Fisher, 2009: 40, figs. 3-5, 7a (w.q.m.) MADAGASCAR.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Major measurements: maximum and minimum based on all specimens, n=5, HL 0.54–0.57 , HW 0.53–0.56, CI 99–102, ED 0.10–0.11, SL 0.39–0.41, SI 70–75, WL 0.57–0.64, FL 0.47–0.49, PW 0.34–0.37.

Minor measurements: maximum and minimum based on all specimens, n=5, HL 0.42–0.46 , HW 0.37–0.42, CI 86–96, ED 0.09, SL 0.38–0.41, SI 97–103, WL 0.48–0.54, FL 0.41–0.45, PW 0.22–0.29.

With characters described in the genus diagnosis for major and minor workers: Apical teeth on mandible followed by 4–6 denticles; basal margin with minute, serrate teeth. Anterior clypeal margin with distinct shallow median impression; medial clypeal margin with three pairs of setae arched anteriorly over mandibles; additional pair of setae on clypeus, posterior of clypeal margin, directed anterodorsally. Scape surpassing posterior margin of head in full-face view in minors, not surpassing margin in majors. In dorsal view, lateral margin of pronotum with blunt angle at widest point. Metanotal groove in profile not impressed; propodeum in profile with dorsal and declivitous surfaces not differentiated, forming single evenly rounded surface without trace of angle at junction with declivity. Body yellow to orange.

Queen

(ergatoid) measurements: n=1. HL 0.61, HW 0.59, CI 97, ED 0.15, SL 0.44, SI 75, WL 0.82, FL 0.57, PW 0.44.

All main morphological characters of the major worker are duplicated in the queen caste. In the ergatoid queen, ocelli are present and the mesoscutellum is distinct. Metanotum indistinguishable, but metanotal groove distinctly wider than that of workers.

Male

Measurements: maximum and minimum based on n=3: HL 0.40–0.43, HW 0.54–0.57, CI 127–137, ED 0.22–0.25, SL 0.21, SI 37–39, WL 0.74–0.78, FL 0.52–0.55.

In profile, inner margin of eye convex, not flat. Antenna with 13 articles. Scape not reaching posterior margin of head, shorter than flagellar segments 1+2+3. Pedicel conical. First flagellar article cylindrical, straight, articles 1 and 2 twice as long as broad. Anteromedial clypeal margin with central concavity. Anterior clypeal margin with several pairs of straight setae projecting anteriorly, central pair longer than the setae at lateral margins. Just posterior to anterior margin, a single pair of suberect setae projecting anterodorsally. Posterior clypeal margin convex between antennal socket cavities. Palpal formula 6:3 (not confirmed with dissection). Mandible with apical tooth followed by a series of 15 or more minute denticles that decrease in size towards the basal margin. An uninterrupted curve between masticatory and basal margins. Propodeal angle indistinct; declivitous and dorsal faces of propodeum forming a single convexity. Petiole in profile with distinct scale, angled dorsally and strongly inclined anteriorly with anterior margin shorter than posterior margin. Venter of petiole with weakly developed lobe. Pygostyles present.

Type Material

Holotype: major worker, Madagascar, Province Toamasina, Nosy Mangabe, 7.43 km S Maroantsetra, 15.4973°S, 49.76223°E, 5 m. 27 July 2007, ex dead twig above ground, littoral rainforest edge (coll. J.J. Rafanomezantsoa.) collection code: BLF17925, pin code: CASENT0130146 (California Academy of Sciences). Paratypes: 1 minor worker, 1 major worker, ergatoid queen, male with same data as holotype but pins coded CASENT0130148, CASENT0192285, CASENT0175008, CASENT0130147, respectively (The Natural History Museum, CASC, Museum of Comparative Zoology).

References

  • Fisher, B.L. 2009. Two new dolichoderine ant genera from Madagascar: Aptinoma gen. n. and Ravavy gen. n. Zootaxa 2118: 37-52. PDF