Araeoschizus

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There are 47 species in this myrmecophilous genus of Tenebrionidae. Most are assumed to be inquilines in the nest of ants but their biology is relatively unknown and their relationships with ants is still a mystery.

Species List

List of Araeoschizus and their Host Ants
Genus and species Author and Year Ant Host Distribution Notes
Araeoschizus aalbui Papp, 1981 ants Mexico, Baja California (type) Group III: The limbatus Blaisdell (1943) complex
Araeoschizus airmeti Tanner, 1945 Aphaenogaster, Pheidole oregonica, Pogonomyrmex salinus, Veromessor lariversi Idaho (type), Oregon, Nevada Group I: The armatus Horn (1870) complex
Araeoschizus alinae Dajoz, 1984 ants Utah, Grand County Group V: The costipennis LeConte (1851) complex
Araeoschizus andrewsi Papp, 1981 ants California (type) Group III: The limbatus Blaisdell (1943) complex
Araeoschizus antennatus Blaisdell, 1943 Neivamyrmex nigrescens , Pheidole grallipes Mexico: Baja California Group III: The limbatus Blaisdell (1943) complex
Araeoschizus apachensis Papp, 1981 ants Arizona, Apache County (type) Group V: The costipennis LeConte (1851) complex
Araeoschizus arizonicus Dajoz, 1989 ants Arizona Group V: The costipennis LeConte (1851) complex:
Araeoschizus armatus Horn, 1870 Pogonomyrmex salinus California (type), Idaho, Nevada Group I: The armatus Horn (1870) complex
Araeoschizus colossalis Papp, 1981 ants Arizona (type) Group IV: The regularis Horn (1870) complex
Araeoschizus costipennis LeConte, 1851 ants California Group V: The costipennis LeConte (1851) complex
Araeoschizus decipiens Horn, 1890 Novomessor cockerelli, Myrmecocystus depilis, Pogonomyrmex rugosus, Solenopsis xyloni, Pheidole desertorum, Pheidole xerophila Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Texas, Utah; Mexico Group V: The costipennis LeConte (1851) complex
Araeoschizus disjunctus Papp, 1981 Pheidole hyatti, Pogonomyrmex barbatus California Group IV: The regularis Horn (1870) complex
Araeoschizus dolenterus Papp, 1981 ants Mexico Group IV: The regularis Horn (1870) complex
Araeoschizus doyeni Papp, 1981 ants California: Riverside County Group V: The costipennis LeConte (1851) complex
Araeoschizus duplicatus Casey, 1907 Pogonomyrmex occidentalis Idaho, Wyoming (type) Group I: The armatus Horn (1870) complex
Araeoschizus elegantulus Papp, 1981 ants Mexico: Baja California Sur Group III: The limbatus Blaisdell (1943) complex
Araeoschizus exiguus Casey, 1907 ants California Group V: The costipennis LeConte (1851) complex
Araeoschizus expeditionis Papp, 1981 ants Mexico Group IV: The regularis Horn (1870) complex
Araeoschizus fimbriatus Casey, 1890 ants Arizona Group III: The limbatus Blaisdell (1943) complex
Araeoschizus giuliani Papp, 1981 ants Mexico Group VI: The simplex Casey (1890) complex
Araeoschizus hardyi Papp, 1981 ants California (type) Group II: The hardyi Papp (1981) complex
Araeoschizus hardyorum Papp, 1981 ants Utah Group VI: The simplex Casey (1890) complex
Araeoschizus hystrix Papp, 1981 ants Arizona, California Group III: The limbatus Blaisdell (1943) complex
Araeoschizus interjectus Papp, 1981 Pheidole hyatti Mexico: Baja California Sur Group III: The limbatus Blaisdell (1943) complex
Araeoschizus kaszabi Papp, 1981 ants California Group VI: The simplex Casey (1890) complex
Araeoschizus kubai Papp, 1981 ants Arizona: Pima County Group VI: The simplex Casey (1890) complex
Araeoschizus lariversi Papp, 1981 ants California (type) Group I: The armatus Horn (1870) complex
Araeoschizus lecontei Papp, 1981 ants Arizona: Cochise County (type) Group III: The limbatus Blaisdell (1943) complex
Araeoschizus limbatus Blaisdell, 1943 ants Mexico (type) Group III: The limbatus Blaisdell (1943) complex
Araeoschizus magdae Papp, 1989 ants Mexico Group VI: The simplex Casey (1890) complex
Araeoschizus mexicanus Champion, 1892 ants Mexico (type)) Group IV: The regularis Horn (1870) complex
Araeoschizus microcephalus Papp, 1981 ants California Group V: The costipennis LeConte (1851) complex
Araeoschizus orientalis Dajoz, 1991 ants Texas: Val Verde County Group VI: The simplex Casey (1890) complex
Araeoschizus percellosus Papp, 1981 ants Mexico, Baja Californis (type) Group II: The hardyi Papp (1981) complex
Araeoschizus problematicus Papp, 1981 ants Mexico: Zacatecas Province Group VI: The simplex Casey (1890) complex
Araeoschizus regularis Horn, 1870 Aphaenogaster, Pheidole vistana Arizona, Mexico Group IV: The regularis Horn (1870) complex
Araeoschizus rufus Dajoz, 1991 ants California:Mono County Possible synonym of Araeoschizus armatus
Araeoschizus setosiformis Papp, 1981 Pogonomyrmex Utah Group V: The costipennis LeConte (1851) complex
Araeoschizus similaris Papp, 1981 ants New Mexico Group V: The costipennis LeConte (1851) complex
Araeoschizus simplex Casey, 1890 ants Texas: Presidio County, New Mexico, Arizona; Mexico Group VI: The simplex Casey (1890) complex
Araeoschizus simulans Casey, 1907 ants California Group IV: The regularis Horn (1870) complex
Araeoschizus squamulissimus Papp, 1981 ants Mexico: Baja California Group III: The limbatus Blaisdell (1943) complex
Araeoschizus sulcicollis Horn, 1870 Pogonomyrmex barbatus, Pogonomyrmex occidentalis, Pheidole bicarinata, Pheidole hyatti California, Nevada Group IV: The regularis Horn (1870) complex
Araeoschizus tenuis Casey, 1907 ants Arizona Group V: The costipennis LeConte (1851) complex
Araeoschizus texanus Dajoz, 1989 ants Texas: Brewster County Group VI: The simplex Casey (1890) complex
Araeoschizus utahensis Papp, 1981 ants Utah:San Juan County Group V: The costipennis LeConte (1851) complex
Araeoschizus wasbauerorum Papp, 1981 ants Mexico Group III: The limbatus Blaisdell (1943) complex

REFERENCES

  • Andrews, F.G., A.L. Hardy and D. Giuliani: 1979. The Coleopterous Fauna of Selected California Sand Dunes. -- California Dept. of Food and Agric., Insect Taxonomy Lab., 142 pp., 21 figs.
  • Blaisdell, R.E.: 1943. Contribution Toward the Knowledge of the Insect Fauna of Lower California. No. 7 Coleoptera, Tenebrionidae. -- Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 24:171-288, p1. 10 and 11 (pp. 214-216, p1. 11).
  • Casey, T.L.: 1890. Coleopterological Notices, II. -- Ann. New York Acad. Sci., 5:307-504 (pp. 368-370).
  • Casey, T.L. 1907. Revision of the North American components of the Tenebrionid subfamily Tentyriinae. Proc. Washington Acad. Sci., 9:275-522 (pp. 281, and 484-491).
  • Champion, G.C.: 1884-1893: Biologia Centrali Americana, Coleoptera 4 (1):1-XXXIV + 1-572 pp., 23 plates (see 1884:51 and 1892:490-491).
  • Clark, W. 1991, Location of holotype of Araeoschizus antennatus Blaisdelli Papp (Coleoptera, Tenebrionidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist. vol. 67 (1): 73.
  • Clark, W.H. and RE. Blom: 1988. Observation of the relationship between Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and Araeoschizus (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). -- Journal Idaho Acad. Sci., 24:34-37, 1 fig.
  • Clark, W.H., RE. Blom and A.M. Lowman: 1986. Contents of a Nest of the Desert Ant, Pheidole gallipes Wheeler, in Baja California, Mexico. - Pan-Pac. Ent., 62:99-1 02, 2 figs.
  • Clark, W.H. and RE. Blom: 1988. Observation of the relationship between Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and Araeoschizus (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). -- Journal Idaho Acad. Sci., 24:34-37, 1 fig.
  • Clark, W.H. and RE. Blom: 1992. An efficient and inexpensive pitfall trap system. -- Ent. News, 103:55-59, 1 fig.
  • Dajoz, R. 1989a. 1989. Une nouvelle espece du genre Araeoschizus Leconte du sud-est de l'Arizona (États- Unis) (Coleoptera, Tenebrionidae). Nouv. Rev. Entomol. (N.S.) 6:33-36.
  • Dajoz, R.: 1989b. Une nouvelle espece texane du genre Araeoschizus Le Conte (Col.: Tenebrionidae). -- Bull. Soc. ent. Fr., 93:149-152,1 fig.
  • Dajoz, R.: 1991. Description de deux especes nouvelles du genre Araeoschizus, de la larve, de la nymphe et notes sur leur biologie (Col. Tenebrionidae), -- Bull. Soc. ent. Fr., 96:165-174, 4 figs.
  • Hall, W.E., T.R. Van Devender and C.A. Olson: 1988. Late Quaternary Arthropod Remains from Sonoran Packrat Middens, Southwestern Arizona and Northwestern Sonora. -- Quaternary Research, 29:177-193, 2 figs.
  • Hardy, A.R. and F.G. Andrews: 1979. An Inventory of Selected Coleoptera from the Algodones Dunes. -- A Report to the Land Management, in Fulfilment of Contract Number CA-060-CT-8-68. -- California Dept. of Food and Agric., Insect Taxonomy Lab., 36 pp, figs.
  • Hatch, M.H.: 1965. The Beetles of the Pacific Northwest. - Univ. of Washington Press, Publ. in Biology, 16, 4:1-268,28 pls. (p. 134, p1. 21, fig. 2).
  • Horn, G.H. 1867. Notes on the habits of a few California Coleoptera. Proc. Ent. Soc. Amer., 6:289-293.
  • Horn, G.H. 1870. Revision of the Tenebrionidae of America, North of Mexico. Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., 14 (64):253-404.
  • Horn, G.H. 1890. Some notes on Araeoschizus. Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc., 17:339-343.
  • Lacordaire, T.: 1859. Genera des Coleopteres. - Hist. Nat. Ins., 5(1):103.
  • Lavigne, R.J.: 1969. Bionomics and Nest Structure of Pogonomyrmex occidentalis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). -Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer., 62:1,166-175, figs.
  • LeConte, J.L.: 1851. Description of new species of Coleoptera from California. -Lyceum of Nat. Hist. New York, 5:125-184 (p. 138). *
  • LeConte, J.L.: 1859. Descriptions of some new genera and species of Coleoptera from the vicinity of the southern boundary of the United States of America. - Arcana Naturae, 3:121-128, 2 pls. (p. 124, pl. XIII, fig. 11). *
  • Papp, C.S.: 1961. Checklist of Tenebrionidae of America, north of the Panama Canal. - Opusc. Ent., 26:97-140.
  • Papp, C.S.: 1989. Notes on the Stenosini Genus Araeoschizus LeConte from Baja California, Mexico. - Entomography, 6:335-340, 3 figs.
  • Papp, C.S.: 1993. The American beetle genus Araeoschizus LeConte. Published lecture notes for the Pannon Agric. Univ., Keszthely (April 6) and the Hungarian Entom. Soc., Budapest (April 16). 16 pp., ill.
  • Papp, C.S.: 1994. My Coleopterological Research. - Published lecture notes for the Kossuth Lajos University of Debrecen (May 30) and for the Pannon Agric. Univ., Keszthely, Hungary (June 3). 120 pages (pp. 60-77), ill.
  • Papp, C.S. 2001. Two new Araeoschizus species from the Vizcaino Peninsula of Baja California sur, Mexico and discussion of species groups: (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Journal of the Idaho Academy of Science.37 (1):
  • Papp, C.S. and I.M. Somlyai: 1994. Genus Araeoschizus LeConte as indicator of environmental changes in California. - Internat. Symposium on Crop Protection, Univ. of Gent, Belgium, 14:50.
  • Tanner, V.M. and W.A. Packham: 1965. Tenebrionidae beetles of the Nevada Test Site. - Bringham Young Univ., Sci. Bull., 4:1-44 (pp. 9 and 20-21). Wheeler, G.C. and J. Wheeler: 1973. Ants of Deep Canyon. - Philip L. Boyd Deep Canyon Desert Res. Center Pub!., pp. I-XIII + 1-162.