Archiponera

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Archiponera
Temporal range: Late Eocene
Florissant, Colorado, United States
Archiponera wheeleri
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Archiponera
Carpenter, 1930
Type species
Archiponera wheeleri
Diversity
1 fossil species
(Species Checklist)

There is only a single species in this genus found in Florissant shale (Oligocene) from Colorado, USA.

Identification

Worker. - Head large, with convex sides and broadly rounded posterior angles; mandibles small, linear; clypeus large, anterior margin with a median incision, posterior margin with a large median lobe; eyes small, situated very high up on the sides of the head, a little posterior of the middle line of the head; ocelli absent; antennae long and slender, 12-segmented; petiole short but high, cuneiform; gaster small, globular, the first two segments of moderate size, the others short and compressed.

Male. - Slender; petiole long, with a low scale; forewing with two cubital cells, the first intercubitus joining the cubitus at a point much above the junction of the latter with the recurrent vein; second intercubitus far apical of the termination of the first intercubitus.

Castes

Worker, male.

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • ARCHIPONERA [Ponerinae: Ponerini]
    • Archiponera Carpenter, 1930: 27. Type-species: †Archiponera wheeleri, by original designation.


References

  • Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. (page 164, Archiponera in Ponerinae, Ponerini)
  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 75, Archiponera in Ponerinae, Ponerini)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 172, Archiponera in Ponerinae, incertae sedis in Ponerini)
  • Carpenter, F. M. 1930. The fossil ants of North America. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 70: 1-66 (page 27, Archiponera as genus; in Ponerinae, Ponerini)
  • Dlussky, G. M.; Fedoseeva, E. B. 1988. Origin and early stages of evolution in ants. Pp. 70-144 in: Ponomarenko, A. G. (ed.) Cretaceous biocenotic crisis and insect evolution. Moskva: Nauka, 232 pp. (page 78, Archiponera in Ponerinae, Archiponerini)
  • Hölldobler, B.; Wilson, E. O. 1990. The ants. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, xii + 732 pp. (page 10, Archiponera in Ponerinae, Ponerini)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1930h. A new Emeryella from Panama. Proc. N. Engl. Zool. Club 12: 9-13 (page 13, Archiponera in Ponerinae, Ectatommini (in text))