Boloponera vicans

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Boloponera vicans
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Boloponera
Species: B. vicans
Binomial name
Boloponera vicans
Fisher, 2006

Casent0401737 p 1 high.jpg

Boloponera vicans casent0401737 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen Label

This species is currently known from a single specimen from a leaf litter (miniWinkler) sample in the Central African Republic near the border of Gabon, Cameroon, and Congo. The collection details (from leaf litter) in combination with morphological characteristics (e.g., lack of eyes) suggests that it is cryptobiotic. The identity of its prey is unknown but its linear mandibles are suggestive of prey specialization.

Identification

See the Boloponera identification section for features that separate the worker from similar Ponerinae genera.

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Central African Republic (type locality).

Check distribution from AntMaps.

Distribution based on specimens

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The above specimen data are provided by AntWeb. Please see Boloponera vicans for further details

Biology

Castes

Only known from the worker caste.

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • vicans. Boloponera vicans Fisher, 2006: 113, figs. 1-4, 24 (w.) CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Measurements (holotype). TL 3.3, HL 0.79, HW 0.67, CI 85, SL 0.41, SI 62, ML 0.98.

Inner margin of mandible blade with two small, blunt teeth located in basal half of inner margin. Eyes absent. Posterior margin of head slightly concave. Antenna with two-segmented club. Propodeal declivity bordered on each side by raised lamella that does not extend across dorsum. Femoral grove not visible on mesofemur; metafemur with a longitudinal groove present along entire length. Petiole quadrate in profile; subpetiolar process with posterior projecting acute tooth. Abdomen strongly constricted between A3 and A4.

Head, posterior of frontal lobes, densely foveolate punctate; punctures less than one diameter apart and overlaid and separated by reticulate or longitudinal rugae; dorsum of mesosoma with a few shallow punctures, mostly striate. Sides of mesosoma with inconspicuous striae. Propodeal declivity with a few transverse striae but otherwise smooth and highly polished. Petiole with effaced punctures and striae. A3 and A4 with foveolate punctures larger and sparser than on cephalic dorsum; longitudinal rugae present on central dorsum of A3.

Punctures on dorsum of head and mesosoma each with a small suberect hair arising from center, the hair approximately twice the diameter of the puncture. Longer standing hairs present on metanotum, petiole, A3 and A4.

Type Material

Holotype worker. Central African Republic: Prefecture Sangha-Mbaéré, Parc National Dzanga-Ndoki, Mabéa Bai, 21.4 km 53° NE Bayanga; (03° 02' 00" N, 016° 24' 36" E) 510 m, 1.-7.V.2001, leg. B.L. Fisher, rainforest, sifted litter, B.L. Fisher collection code: BLF04000, specimen code: CASENT0401737, 1 worker (California Academy of Sciences).

References

  • Fisher, B. L. 2006. Boloponera vicans gen.n. and sp.n. and two new species of the Plectroctena genus group Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecol. Nachr. 8:111-118.