Bothroponera soror

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Bothroponera soror
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Bothroponera
Species group: sulcata
Species: B. soror
Binomial name
Bothroponera soror
(Emery, 1899)

Pachycondyla soror casent0217568 p 1 high.jpg

Pachycondyla soror casent0217568 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels



Keys including this Species


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Angola, Burundi, Cameroun (type locality), Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia (type locality), Gabon, Ghana, Guinea (type locality), Ivory Coast, Kenya, Mozambique, Sudan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zimbabwe.

Check distribution from AntMaps.

Distribution based on specimens

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The above specimen data are provided by AntWeb. Please see Bothroponera soror for further details





The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • soror. Ponera (Bothroponera) soror Emery, 1899e: 472 (w.q.) CAMEROUN.
    • Menozzi, in Eidmann, 1944: 432 (m.l.); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1952c: 623 (l.); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1971c: 390 (l.).
    • Combination in Pachycondyla (Bothroponera): Emery, 1901a: 46.
    • Combination in Bothroponera: Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 72.
    • Combination in Pachycondyla: Brown, in Bolton, 1995b: 309.
    • Combination in Bothroponera: Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014: 77.
    • Senior synonym of lamottei, suturalis: Joma & Mackay, 2017: 43.
    • See also: Arnold, 1915: 59; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 72; Joma & Mackay, 2017: 43.
  • lamottei. Bothroponera lamottei Bernard, 1953b: 188 (w.) GUINEA.
    • Combination in Pachycondyla: Brown, in Bolton, 1995b: 306.
    • Combination in Bothroponera: Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014: 77.
    • Junior synonym of soror: Joma & Mackay, 2017: 43.
  • suturalis. Pachycondyla (Bothroponera) soror subsp. suturalis Forel, 1907c: 133 (w.) ETHIOPIA.
    • Combination in Bothroponera: Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014: 77.
    • Junior synonym of soror: Joma & Mackay, 2017: 43.



  • Arnold, G. 1915. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part I. Ponerinae, Dorylinae. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. 14: 1-159 (page 59, see also)
  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1995a. [Untitled. Taxonomic changes in Pachycondyla attributed to Brown.] Pp. 302-311 in: Bolton, B. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 309, combination in Pachycondyla)
  • Emery, C. 1899d. Fourmis d'Afrique. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 43: 459-504 (page 472, worker, queen described)
  • Emery, C. 1901b. Notes sur les sous-familles des Dorylines et Ponérines (Famille des Formicides). Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 45: 32-54 (page 46, Combination in Pachycondyla (Bothroponera))
  • Joma, A.M.A. & Mackay, W.P. 2017. Revision of the African ants of the Bothroponera sulcata species complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Ponerinae). Transactions of the American Entomological Society. 143: 7-71.
  • Menozzi, C. 1942b. Esplorazione entomologica del Parco Nazionale del Circeo. Hymenoptera-Formicidae. Salerno: M. Spadafora, 8 pp. (page ?, male, larva described)
  • Schmidt, C.A. & Shattuck, S.O. 2014. The higher classification of the ant subfamily Ponerinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), with a review of ponerine ecology and behavior. Zootaxa. 3817, 1–242 (doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3817.1.1)
  • Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1952c. The ant larvae of the subfamily Ponerinae - Part II. Am. Midl. Nat. 48: 604-672 (page 623, larva described)
  • Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1971c. The larvae of the ant genus Bothroponera (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 73: 386-394 (page 390, larva described)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1922b. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. II. The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 45: 39-269 (page 72, Combination in Bothroponera)