Brachymyrmex brasiliensis

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Brachymyrmex brasiliensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Myrmelachistini
Genus: Brachymyrmex
Species: B. brasiliensis
Binomial name
Brachymyrmex brasiliensis
Ortiz & Fernández, 2014

Ortiz, CBrachymyrmex-brasiliensis1.jpg

Ortiz, CBrachymyrmex-brasiliensis2.jpg

Biological and ecological information of this species is lacking.

Identification

This species differs from most other Brachymyrmex species by the presence of tumuliform metathoracic spiracles (see key for image of this character), and clypeus with five long, erect hairs arranged as follows: one central hair near to the anterior margin, usually conspicuous; one pair of lateral hairs at clypeus midlength and one pair of hairs near the toruli. Unique features for Brachymyrmex brasiliensis are the smooth and shiny gaster and, opaque head and mesosoma. (Ortiz & Fernández, 2014)

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Brazil: states of Goiás and Rio de Janeiro.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Known only from the worker caste.

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • brasiliensis. Brachymyrmex brasiliensis Ortiz & Fernández, 2014: 22, figs. 19-21, 28 (w) BRAZIL.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Holotype measurements (mm) HL1 0.59; HL2 0.36; HL3 0.15; HW 0.53; SL 0.67; EL 0.11; WL 0.71; PnL 0.24; PnW 0.36; ML 0.15; MW 0.18; Indices CI 90; SI1 127; SI2187.5; OI 25. Paratype measurements (mm) HL1 0.59; HL2 0.36; HL3 0.15; HW 0.53; SL 0.67; EL 0.11; WL 0.71; PnL 0.24; PnW 0.36; ML 0.15; MW 0.18; Indices CI 90; SI1 127; SI2187.5; OI 25. Additional material examined (mm) HL1 0.61; HL2 0.40; HL3 0.15; HW 0.53; SL 0.68; EL 0.13; WL 0.73; PnL 0.24; PnW 0.36; ML 0.15; MW 0.18; Indices CI 89; SI1 129; SI2 187.5; OI 25.

Head slightly longer than wide. Posterior cephalic border slightly convex, sides slightly convex. Anterior clypeal margin rounded. Toruli touching the posterior clypeal margin but never surpassing it (best observed in anterodorsal oblique view). Scapes long, surpassing the posterior margin of the head. Ocelli present. Eyes located at cephalic midline and well developed with 11 ommatidia at their maximum diameter.

Promesonotum convex in profile, mesonotum strongly convex and separated from pronotum. Propodeum convex with short dorsum. Metathoracic spiracles fully dorsal, tumuliform, bulging out of the metanotal groove in lateral view. Propodeal spiracle round, separated from declivity of propodeum by a distance equal to the diameter. Petiole short, apex rounded and inclined forward.

Head and mesosoma finely punctate and opaque. Dorsum of head with some erect hairs on front and with scattered decumbent pubescence. Gaster smooth and shiny with several scattered erect hairs. Scapes with decumbent hairs that are shorter than the maximum scape diameter. Clypeus with five long, erect hairs arranged as follows: one central hair near to the anterior margin, usually conspicuous; one pair of lateral hairs at clypeus midlength and one pair of hairs near the toruli. Pronotum usually with two erect hairs, rest of mesosoma without hairs. Body light brown.

Type Material

Holotype worker (Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo) [USNM 00757748] and Paratype worker (UFUC) [USNM ENT 00757833]: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, Nova Friburgo, Fazenda Barreto, 22°9'40.4712"S, 42°31'27.4866"W, 1068 m, 11–12 Jun 2011, col. T.M.S. Mesquita.

Etymology

After Brazil, the country of collection, in honor of its very rich ant fauna.

References