Brachyponera nigrita

AntWiki - Where Ant Biologists Share Their Knowledge
Jump to: navigation, search
Brachyponera nigrita
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Brachyponera
Species: B. nigrita
Binomial name
Brachyponera nigrita
(Emery, 1895)

Pachycondyla nigrita casent0281895 p 1 high.jpg

Pachycondyla nigrita casent0281895 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Subspecies

Identification

Yamane (2007) - This species is very similar to Brachyponera pilidorsalis that occurs in Borneo and the southern part of the Malay Peninsula. The former is distinguished from the latter by 1) more weakly sculptured posterior faces of propodeum and petiole (W), 2) fewer and shorter standing hairs on mesosoma and gastral tergites 1 and 2 (W, Q), 3) frequent lack of transverse groove on mesopleuron (W), and 3) much larger body size (Q).

B. nigrita shows variation in sculpturation on the mandible and propodeum in the worker. Striation and punctation in these parts tend to be stronger and more extensive in the specimens from N. Vietnam; in some specimens the major portion of the mandible is densely striate, and the lateral and posterior faces of the propodeum are extensively and rather coarsely striate or irregularly sculptured.

The subspecies Brachyponera nigrita nigritella (Starcke, 1930) from Sumatra may not be a race of P. nigrita, since according to the original description the body size and eye size are smaller for P. nigrita, and head is relatively long (HL/HW 1.14 for nigritella vs. 1.10 for typical nigrita). Starcke himself (1930) suggested that nigritella is closely related to Brachyponera nigrita chinensis, which is now given specific status (Brown, 1958).

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Oriental Region: India, Myanmar (type locality), Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam.
Palaearctic Region: Georgia.

Check distribution from AntMaps.

Distribution based on specimens

Loading map...

The above specimen data are provided by AntWeb. Please see Brachyponera nigrita for further details

Biology

Castes

Worker

Male

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • nigrita. Ponera nigrita Emery, 1895k: 459 (w.) MYANMAR. Yamane, 2007: 653 (q.m.). Combination in Euponera (Brachyponera): Emery, 1900d: 668; in Brachyponera: Bingham, 1903: 102; in Pachycondyla: Brown, in Bolton, 1995b: 307; in Brachyponera: Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014: 80. Current subspecies: nominal plus nigritella.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Yamane (2007) - syntype: Body length in fully extended posture ca. 6; HW 1.05; HL 1.14; SL 1.14; EL 0.21; MSL 0.10. SL/HL 1.00, Number of ommatidia along longest axis of eye 12.

Antennal scape long, surpassing the posterior margin of head by more than 1/4 of its total length; segments 3-7, 11 distinctly longer than wide; segments 8-10 only slightly longer than wide (relative length of funicular segments much longer than in those of Brachyponera luteipes). Mandibular fovea distinct. Lateral face of mesosoma very weakly sculptured or shining; lateral face of propodeum well demarcated from metapleuron by a suture, somewhat distinctly microsculptured and relatively mat. In profile petiole thick; its lower margin longer than lower margin of metapleuron.

Queen

Yamane (2007) - The following description is based on specimens from Doi Suthep, N. Thailand. Structure. Body distinctly larger than the worker, with the head width ranging from 1.04 to 1.06 mm. Eye much larger than in the worker (ca. 0.28 mm long and with ca. 22 ommatidia along the long axis). Distance between posterior ocelli longer than that between anterior and posterior ocelli. Mesopleuron above always with a distinct transverse groove. Compared with the worker, petiole relatively thin, seen from above almost lacking dorsal flat portion. Body sculpture much as in the worker. Mesopleuron and metapleuron smooth and shining; in one specimen from Taiwan posterior face of propodeum and petiole also smooth medially, and mesopleuron partly and metanotum densely punctate. Pilosity. Body covered with decumbent pubescence except on mesopleuron and metapleuron where pubescence is absent or very sparse. Eye with short fine standing hairs. Mesosoma dorsally and gastral tergites with very sparse standing hairs; long hairs on tergites almost confined to their posterior margins; sternites with more long standing hairs on the disc. Outer margin of forewing with dense short fringe; outer and posterior margins of hindwing fringed with longer hairs. Coloration much as in the worker.

Male

Yamane (2007) - Description based on the specimens from the same series as the queen. Structure. Head including eyes much wider than long. Eyes very large (maximum diameter ca. 0.40 mm) with outer margin strongly convex and inner margin weakly emarginate. Clypeus transverse with anterior and posterior margins truncate; labrum anteriorly produced as a narrow lobe. Mandible long and fragile, not opposable, basally wide and suddenly narrowed toward bluntly pointed apex. Ocelli relatively large; distance between posterior ocelli slightly longer than their diameter, and as long as ocello-occipital distance; antenna long; scape (segment 1) twice as long as segment 2 and slightly shorter than segment 3. Pronotum short; mesoscutum large, with weak notauli and sharp parapsidal lines; mesopleuron large, with a wide transverse furrow which is striate on the bottom; scutellum dorsally convex with an anterior transverse zone which is much lower than the main disc; axilla extensively concave; metanotum short. Propodeum rounded; dorsal, lateral and posterior faces not clearly differentiated. Petiole relatively low, in profile rather strongly narrowed above, seen from back almost as wide as high, with dorsal margin almost straight; subpetiolar process flat, with acute posterior tooth in profile. Sculpture. Head superficially micropunctate. Sculpture on pronotum, mesoscutum, metanotum and metapleuron still weaker; mesopleuron extensively smooth and strongly shining; axilla coarsely rugose. Propodeum more strongly and densely sculptured, but on its posterior face sculpture somewhat weaker. Anterior face of petiole mat; posterior face weakly shining. Gaster only superficially and sparsely punctate and somewhat shining. Pilosity similar to that in the queen. Mesopleuron, metapleuron and posterior face of petiole almost hairless. Petiole extensively with dense obliquely standing short hairs on its anterior and lateral faces; subpetiolar process below with standing hairs. Fringe on wings as in the queen. Coloration. Body brown to pale brown, with ivory white femora and tibiae; tarsi especially fore tarsus darker. Scape and pedicel yellowish; other segments dark brown.

Type Material

Yamane (2007) - Worker, Carin Ghecu, Myanmar, 1300-1400 m L. Fea II-III 88 [printed]/ Ponera nigrita Emery [handwritten]/Emery [handwritten]/Collect. G. Mayr [printed]/nigrita [handwritten] det Emery [printed] (examined).

References

  • Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. (page 102, Combination in Brachyponera)
  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1995a. [Untitled. Taxonomic changes in Pachycondyla attributed to Brown.] Pp. 302-311 in: Bolton, B. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 307, Combination in Pachycondyla)
  • Emery, C. 1895m. Viaggio di Leonardo Fea in Birmania e regioni vicine. LXIII. Formiche di Birmania del Tenasserim e dei Monti Carin raccolte da L. Fea. Parte II. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 34[=(2(14): 450-483 (page 459, worker described)
  • Emery, C. 1900c. Formiche raccolte da Elio Modigliani in Sumatra, Engano e Mentawei. [part]. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 40[=(2(20): 661-688 (page 668, Combination in Euponera (Brachyponera))
  • Schmidt, C.A. & Shattuck, S.O. 2014. The higher classification of the ant subfamily Ponerinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), with a review of ponerine ecology and behavior. Zootaxa. 3817, 1–242 (doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3817.1.1)
  • Yamane, S. 2007. Pachycondyla nigrita and related species in southeast Asia (pp. 650-663). In Snelling, R.R., Fisher, B.L. and Ward, P.S. (eds). Advances in ant systematics: homage to E.O. Wilson – 50 years of contributions. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute. 80:690 pp.