Camponotini

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The tribe Camponotini belongs to the subfamily Formicinae. For a list of genera contained within this tribe see Camponotini genera, for species see Camponotini species.

Ward (2016) - All members of this tribe have a unique, vertically inherited bacterial symbiont, Blochmannia, whose evolutionary history mirrors that of the ants (Wernegreen et al. 2009). Morphologically the workers of Camponotini can be recognized by the combination of distinctive mandibular dentition (5–8 teeth, with the third tooth from apex not reduced in size), antennal insertions well separated from the posterior clypeal margin, and twelve antennal segments (Bolton 1994, 2003).


Tribe CAMPONOTINI
Camponotidae Forel, 1878: 364. Type-genus: Camponotus.
Taxonomic history
Camponotini as subfamily of Formicidae: Forel, 1878: 364 [Camponotidae]; Forel, 1879a: 56 [Camponotidae]; Nasonov, 1889: 9 [Camponotidae]; Forel, 1891b: 13 [Camponotidae]; Forel, 1892j: 219 [Camponotidae]; Forel, 1893a: 165 [Camponotinae]; Dalla Torre, 1893: 171 [Camponotinae]; Emery, 1895j: 771 [subfamily spelled Camponotini]; Emery, 1896d: 187 [Camponotinae]; Forel, 1899c: 123 [Camponotinae]; Bingham, 1903: 308 [Camponotinae]; Ashmead, 1905b: 384 [Camponotinae]; Wheeler, W.M. 1910g: 143 [Camponotinae]; Forel, 1912i: 87 [Camponotinae]; Forel, 1915d: 45 [Camponotinae]; Donisthorpe, 1915d: 184 [Camponotinae]; Escherich, 1917: 2 [Camponotini]; Forel, 1917: 248 [Camponotinae]; Arnold, 1920a: 551 [Camponotinae]; Soudek, 1922: 61 [Camponotinae].
Camponotini as tribe of Formicidae: André, 1882a: 126 [Camponotidae].
Camponotini as family: Emery, 1894g: 372 [Camponotidae].
Camponotini as tribe of Camponotidae: Forel, 1886f: 141 [Camponotii]; Forel, 1891b: 13 [Camponotii].
Camponotini as tribe of Camponotinae: Forel, 1893a: 165 [Camponotii]; Forel, 1895b: 101 [Camponoti]; Emery, 1895j: 772 [Camponotii]; Forel, 1899c: 130 [Camponotii]; Ruzsky, 1902d: 4 [subfamily spelled Camponotini]; Ruzsky, 1905b: 110 [Camponotii]; Wheeler, W.M. 1910g: 144 [Camponotii].
Camponotini as tribe of Camponotinae: Ashmead, 1905b: 384; Wheeler, 1915g: 813 [Camponotides]; Wheeler, W.M. 1915h: 135; Forel, 1915d: 45; Forel, 1917: 250; Arnold, 1922: 610; Soudek, 1922: 61.
Camponotini as tribe of Formicinae: Bondroit, 1918: 65; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 693; Emery, 1925b: 53; all subsequent authors.


Junior synonyms of CAMPONOTINI


Polyrhachidini Ashmead, 1905b: 384. Type-genus: Polyrhachis.
Taxonomic history
Polyrhachidini as tribe of Camponotinae: Ashmead, 1905b: 384.
Polyrhachidini as junior synonym of Camponotini: Bolton, 1994: 50.


*Paleosminthuridae Pierce & Gibron, 1962: 146. Type-genus: *Paleosminthurus.
Taxonomic history
*Paleosminthuridae as family of Collembola: Pierce & Gibron, 1962: 146.
*Paleosminthuridae incertae sedis in Formicidae: Najt, 1987: 152.
*Paleosminthuridae incertae sedis as subfamily of Formicidae: Bolton, 1994: 187 [*Paleosminthurinae]; Bolton, 2003: 76, 263.
*Paleosminthuridae as junior synonym of Camponotini: Snelling (pers. comm., 2004). [Synonymy remained unpublished at his death in 2008.]
Genera (extant) of Camponotini: Calomyrmex, Camponotus, Echinopla, Forelophilus, Opisthopsis, Overbeckia, Phasmomyrmex, Polyrhachis.
Genera (extinct) of Camponotini: *Chimaeromyrma, *Pseudocamponotus.


Tribe Camponotini references
Forel, 1878: 364, 367 (diagnosis, genus groups); Forel, 1893a: 165 (diagnosis, synoptic classification); Forel, 1917: 250 (synoptic classification); Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 700 (genera, key); Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 948, 1039 (Afrotropical, Malagasy catalogues); Emery, 1925b: 53 (diagnosis, genera key, catalogue); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1970: 652 (larva diagnosis); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1976b: 65 (larvae, review & synthesis); Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 77 (synoptic classification); Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 18 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1994: 50 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a: 1039 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 9 (catalogue); Bolton, 2003: 26, 111 (diagnosis, synopsis).