Camponotus anatolicus

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Camponotus anatolicus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Subgenus: Myrmentoma
Species: C. anatolicus
Binomial name
Camponotus anatolicus
Karaman, C. & Aktac, 2013

C. anatolicus was collected in Antalya and Mug˘la between 282 m and 886 m altitude from the brook side, Pinus brutia Ten., Quercus coccifera L., and mixed forest (Quercus spp. and Pinus brutia) habitats.

Identification

C. anatolicus is distinguished from all of the C. lateralis group species except for Camponotus staryi Pisarski by the deep metanotal groove and yellowish red to reddish brown first gaster segment that is paler than the rest of the gaster segments. C. anatolicus is similar to Camponotus staryi due to the deep metanotal groove and reddish brown first gaster segment. We compared C. anatolicus with the holotype of C. staryi, which is deposited in the MIZ PAS Museum, and the new species can be differentiated from the latter by the following in minor workers: the propodeal dorsum, which is lower than the mesonotum, a thicker and almost nodiform petiole, dense appressed pilosity on the head and scape, abundant, subdecumbent and erect hairs on the dorsum of propodeum; and in major workers: shallower metanotal groove, much longer propodeal dorsum that is transversely convex or flat, and covered by abundant erect hairs, head darker than the mesosoma, abundant erect hairs on the genae and erect hairs on the lateral sides of the head and occipital corners, and dense appressed pilosity on the scape.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Turkey (type locality).

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Biology

Castes

Known only from the worker caste.

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • anatolicus. Camponotus (Myrmentoma) anatolicus Karaman, C. & Aktac, 2013: 42, fig. 2 (w.) TURKEY.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Major. Head 1.13 times longer than wide, lateral sides of head narrowed in front of the eyes; occiput convex behind eyes; scape L times head length, slightly surpasses occipital corners and with basal portion not extended; anterior and posterior margin of clypeus with a concave impression medially, only upper half of clypeus slightly carinatae; mandibles with 5 teeth; eyes situated on posterior half of the head; mesosoma with deep metanotal groove; anterior face of petiole rather convex, posterior face slightly convex, dorsum of petiole broadly straight, rather low in profile, the distance between petiolar spiracle and dorsum short, 0.02 mm; posterior half of head reticulate and shiny, head under the eyes densely punctuate and subopaque; mandibles longitudinally striate, weakly shiny; sides of mesonotum and propodeum densely reticulate, shiny; gaster slightly reticulate, shiny; genae and lateral sides of head with abundant, short, erect hairs; occipital corners bare, only with appressed pilosity; occiput with 6–8 erect hairs; ventral surface of head with abundant erect hairs; scape with dense appressed pilosity and 5–8 short, erect hairs; dorsum of pronotum and mesonotum with short appressed pilosity and with 6–12 long, erect hairs, dorsum of propodeum with short, subdecumbent pilosity and long, erect hairs; dorsolateral corners of petiole with 8 long, erect hairs; gaster with scarce, appressed pilosity and erect hairs. Head, scape, mesosoma and petiole red to reddish brown; mandibles, scape, first 3–4 funicular segments and legs red, rest of funiculus brownish red and rest of body black.

Minor. Head 1.20 times longer than wide, lateral sides slightly narrowed in front of the eyes; occiput semicircular behind eyes; scape 1.03 times head length and not extended at the base; anterior margin of clypeus straight, posterior margin with a concave impression medially; mandibles with 5 teeth; eyes situated on posterior half of the head; mesosoma with rather deep metanotal groove; anterior face of petiole convex, posterior face slightly convex, dorsumof petiole straight and dorsal half rather thick in profile; gastric features same as in the major worker; head sculpturing reticulate, shiny; clypeus smooth and shiny; mesosomal sculpture as in the major worker; whole head with short and appressed pilosity; genae with erect hairs; occipital corners bare; occiput with 2–3 pairs of long, erect hairs; ventral surface of head with at least 1–2 short erect hairs; scape with dense decumbent pilosity and 1–3 erect hairs; pronotum with appressed pilosity and 4–6 erect hairs; mesonotum with appressed pilosity and 4–8 erect hairs; propodeum with short, semi-erect and 8–12 erect hairs; dorsolateral corners of petiole with 4–6 long, yellowish, erect hairs; gaster with sparse decumbent pilosity and erect hairs; head reddish, sometimes vertex and clypeus brownish red; mesosoma, petiole, legs red to reddish brown; first gastric segment red or brownish red, rest of gaster black.

Type Material

Holotype – worker: Turkey, Antalya-Kemer-Altinyaka Village (36°22’N, 30°20’E), 551 m asl., 06 June 2007: 07/0888b (leg. C. Karaman and K. Kıran) (TU). PARATYPES: 26 workers, from same nest with holotype (Leg. C. Karaman and K. Kiran); 1 worker, Antalya-Kumluca (36°22’N, 30°22’E), 559 m asl., 06 June 2007: 07/857b (Leg. C. Karaman and K. Kiran); 30 workers, Turkey, Antalya-Kumluca-Yenikisla Village (36°31’N, 30°11’E), 886 m asl., 07 June 2007: 07/0916 (Leg. C. Karaman and K. Kıran); 20 workers, Turkey, Antalya-Kumluca-Calti Village (36°32’N, 30°17’E), 282 m asl., 08 June 2007: 07/0924c (Leg. C. Karaman and K. Kiran); 1 worker, Turkey, Antalya-Merkez-Kizil Village (36°06’N, 30°42’E), 311 m asl., 06 August 2007: 07/1357b (Leg. C. Karaman and K. Kıran); 10 workers, Turkey, Mugla-Fethiye-Kayadibi Village (36°30’N, 29°25’E), 398 m asl., 03 June 2007: 07/0767a (Leg. C. Karaman and K. Kiran).

Etymology

This name is derived from the distribution of the species in Anatolia (the Asian part of Turkey).

References