Camponotus balzani

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Camponotus balzani
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. balzani
Binomial name
Camponotus balzani
Emery, 1894

Camponotus balzani casent0173394 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

DaRocha et al. (2015) studied the diversity of ants found in bromeliads of a single large tree of Erythrina, a common cocoa shade tree, at an agricultural research center in Ilhéus, Brazil. Forty-seven species of ants were found in 36 of 52 the bromeliads examined. Bromeliads with suspended soil and those that were larger had higher ant diversity. C. balzani was found in 2 different bromeliads but was associated with twigs and bark cavities, rather than suspended soil or litter, of the plants.

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Bolivia (type locality), Brazil, Ecuador, Paraguay.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Fungi

This species is a host for the fungus Ophiocordyceps camponoti-balzani (Araujo et al., 2018; Evans et al., 2011; Shrestha et al., 2017).

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • balzani. Camponotus balzani Emery, 1894c: 166 (s.w.) BOLIVIA. Forel, 1918a: 726 (q.); Mariano et al., 2001: 272 (k.). Combination in C. (Myrmothrix): Forel, 1914a: 268; in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925b: 79.

Description

References

  • Araújo, J.P.M., Evans, H.C., Kepler, R., Hughes, D.P. 2018. Zombie-ant fungi across continents: 15 new species and new combinations within Ophiocordyceps. I. Myrmecophilous hirsutelloid species. Studies in Mycology 90: 119–160 (DOI 10.1016/j.simyco.2017.12.002).
  • DaRocha, W. D., S. P. Ribeiro, F. S. Neves, G. W. Fernandes, M. Leponce, and J. H. C. Delabie. 2015. How does bromeliad distribution structure the arboreal ant assemblage (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) on a single tree in a Brazilian Atlantic forest agroecosystem? Myrmecological News. 21:83-92.
  • Emery, C. 1894d. Studi sulle formiche della fauna neotropica. VI-XVI. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 26: 137-241 (page 166, soldier, worker described)
  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 79, combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex))
  • Evans, H.C., Elliot, S.L., Hughes, D.P. 2011. Hidden diversity behind the zombie-ant fungus Ophiocordyceps unilateralis: Four new species described from carpenter ants in Minas Gerais, Brazil. PLoS ONE 6(3): e17024 (DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0017024).
  • Forel, A. 1914a. Le genre Camponotus Mayr et les genres voisins. Rev. Suisse Zool. 22: 257-276 (page 268, combination in C. (Myrmothrix))
  • Forel, A. 1918a. Études myrmécologiques en 1917. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 51: 717-727 (page 726, queen described)
  • Shrestha B, Tanaka E, Hyun MW, Han JG, Kim CS, Jo JW, Han SK, Oh J, Sung JM, Sung GH. 2017. Mycosphere Essay 19. Cordyceps species parasitizing hymenopteran and hemipteran insects. Mycosphere 8(9): 1424–1442 (DOI 10.5943/mycosphere/8/9/8).