Camponotus capito

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Camponotus capito
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. capito
Binomial name
Camponotus capito
Mayr, 1876

Camponotus capito casent0910364 p 1 high.jpg

Camponotus capito casent0910364 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Subspecies

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

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Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • capito. Camponotus capito Mayr, 1876: 64 (s.w.) AUSTRALIA. Forel, 1915b: 99 (w.); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1970: 650 (l.). Combination in C. (Myrmophyma): Forel, 1912i: 91. Provisional junior synonym of cinereus: Santschi, 1919a: 330. Revived from synonymy: Taylor & Brown, D.R. 1985: 110. Current subspecies: nominal plus ebeninithorax.

Type Material

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker major Length 11-13mm. Ferruginous, legs generally ferruginous-testaceous, gaster black, mandibles chestnut; sparse upstanding pilosity, antennae and limbs with upstanding pilosity, dispersed and very fine, the sides of the thorax, metanotum (= propodeum) and coxa are densely pubescent; finely and superficially coriaceous and glossy, frons and vertex sparsely punctated on top, with the anterior half of the head opaque, finely and densely punctated with larger and dispersed pits, mandibles with coarse pits, opaque, with the spaces between the pits coriaceous, gaster sublaevi, with hair in the pits, transverse striations; clypeus is not keeled, moderately produced in front, anterior margin sub semicircular, emarginate and therefore bidentate; the head between the eyes is strongly convex, and depressed a little behind the eyes; thorax above the propodeum angle is convex, scutellum can be seen transversely, the basal part of the metanotum (= propodeum) is a little depressed; the node on the petiole is not high.

Peak Downs in Queensland. (Museum Godeffroy)

Forel,A. (1915):

Worker minor (not yet described) Length, 7.6-8.2mm Head is rectangular almost 1/4 longer than wide with compressed sides distinctly flattened back of head with straight posterior border. From the convex eyes which are positioned close to the posterior border of the head. to the back corners, goes a very distinct blunt edge which separates the back of the head from the flattened sides (similar to ephippium). The vertex is not at all swollen. Pronotum approximately as wide as the head and like the head is only slightly glossy finely reticulate and rather strongly pubescent (the major worker is glossy smooth and almost without pubescence). As with the large worker the color is red with a black gaster otherwise like the major worker only the pubescence is stronger all over.

The discovery of the minor and major together proves that a number of species which I had previously put in Myrmocameleus, I can now put into Myrmophyma. The same could happen for example with ephippium if one finds amongst them a major worker with a swollen vertex.

References

  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 90, catalogue)
  • Forel, A. 1912j. Formicides néotropiques. Part VI. 5me sous-famille Camponotinae Forel. Mém. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 20: 59-92 (page 91, combination in C. (Myrmophyma))
  • Forel, A. 1915b. Results of Dr. E. Mjöbergs Swedish Scientific Expeditions to Australia 1910-13. 2. Ameisen. Ark. Zool. 9(1 16: 1-119 (page 99, worker described)
  • Mayr, G. 1876. Die australischen Formiciden. J. Mus. Godeffroy 12: 56-115 (page 64, soldier, worker described)
  • Santschi, F. 1919a. Cinq notes myrmécologiques. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 52: 325-350 (page 330, Provisional junior synonym of cinereus)
  • Taylor, R. W.; Brown, D. R. 1985. Formicoidea. Zool. Cat. Aust. 2:1- 149: 1-149, 30 (page 110, Retained as species)
  • Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1970b. Ant larvae of the subfamily Formicinae: second supplement. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 63: 648-656 (page 650, larva described)