Camponotus consobrinus

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Camponotus consobrinus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. consobrinus
Binomial name
Camponotus consobrinus
(Erichson, 1842)

Camponotus consobrinus casent0217633 p 1 high.jpg

Camponotus consobrinus casent0217633 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


A ground nesting species that recruits via tandem running.

Photo Gallery

  • Tending a scale insect on a Eucalyptus trunk.
  • Returning to the nest with prey.
  • The enlarged gaster of this worker is the result of collecting honeydew while foraging on trees.
  • Workers tandem running to a food source in a large Eucalyptus approximately 15m from their nest.
  • These ants are ground nesting, often forming large mounds of loose soil around the entrance. Here, a queen ventures outside the nest, preparing for her nuptial flight.


Keys including this Species


South-eastern and eastern Australia (McArthur and Adams 1996).

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).

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Check specimen data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • consobrinus. Formica consobrina Erichson, 1842: 258 (q.) AUSTRALIA. Smith, F. 1858b: 41 (w.); Imai, Crozier & Taylor, 1977: 346 (k.). Combination in Camponotus: Roger, 1863b: 4; in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Wheeler, W.M. 1933b: 22. Senior synonym of dimidiatus: Wheeler, W.M. 1933b: 23; Clark, 1934c: 70; of obniger: McArthur & Adams, 1996: 22.
  • dimidiatus. Camponotus dimidiatus Roger, 1863b: 4 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Combination in C. (Myrmoturba): Forel, 1913g: 181; in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925b: 103. Junior synonym of nigriceps: Mayr, 1876: 63. Revived from synonymy as subspecies of nigriceps: Emery, 1887a: 211; Stitz, 1911a: 372; Forel, 1915b: 97; Crawley, 1922c: 35. Junior synonym of consobrinus: Wheeler, W.M. 1933b: 23; Clark, 1934c: 70.
  • obniger. Camponotus nigriceps r. obniger Forel, 1902h: 506 (s.w.) AUSTRALIA. Forel, 1910b: 72 (q.). Combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925b: 103. Subspecies of consobrinus: Wheeler, W.M. 1933b: 23; Clark, 1934c: 71; of nigriceps: Taylor & Brown, D.R. 1985: 117. Junior synonym of consobrinus: McArthur & Adams, 1996: 22.

Type Material

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.


Black,shining head dark sides of the thorax and legs ferruginous.

Female. Length 6 lines (12.5 mm). Close to C herculaneus. Antennae scape black. Head is just wider than thorax. Black,opaque above, sparingly punctated obsoletely, finely grooved between the median ridges, two carinae between the antennae, carinae slightly bow shaped. Mandibles and palps black. Thorax oblong, somewhat compressed, smooth dorsal part of the notum with scattered punctures. Node subovate, front and back flat, ferruginous. Gaster with sparse and fine punctations, pilosity scarce. Black and shining, forepart is ferruginous. Wings are dark, stigmata and nerves are yellow. Differs from C.herculaneus by the less upright stature, dark head black border, thorax longer, dorsal metathorax black, gaster scarcely punctated, feet completely reddish.


  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 94, catalogue)
  • Clark, J. 1934c. Ants from the Otway Ranges. Mem. Natl. Mus. Vic. 8: 48-73 (page 70, senior synonym of dimidiatus)
  • Erichson, W. F. 1842. Beitrag zur Insecten-Fauna von Vandiemensland, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der geographischen Verbreitung der Insecten. Arch. Naturgesch. 8 (1): 83-287 (page 258, queen described)
  • Imai, H. T.; Crozier, R. H.; Taylor, R. W. 1977. Karyotype evolution in Australian ants. Chromosoma (Berl.) 59: 341-393 (page 346, karyotype described)
  • McArthur, A. J.; Adams, M. 1996. A morphological and molecular revision of the Camponotus nigriceps group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Australia. Invertebr. Taxon. 10: 1-46 (page 22, Senior synonym of obniger)
  • Roger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berl. Entomol. Z. 7(B Beilage: 1-65 (page 4, combination in Camponotus)
  • Smith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 41, worker described)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1933b. Mermis parasitism in some Australian and Mexican ants. Psyche (Camb.) 40: 20-31 (page 22, combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex))
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1933b. Mermis parasitism in some Australian and Mexican ants. Psyche (Camb.) 40: 20-31 (page 23, senior synonym of dimidiatus)