Camponotus festai

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Camponotus festai
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. festai
Binomial name
Camponotus festai
Emery, 1894

Camponotus festai casent0905286 p 1 high.jpg

Camponotus festai casent0905286 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

Identification

Ionescu-Hirsch (2009) - C. festai, together with Camponotus riedeli and Camponotus samius, belong to a species complex characterized by abundant, long, decumbent, and erect setae on the scape and tibiae (Radchenko, 1997b), and distant and strongly divergent frontal carinae (Emery, 1920). Major and media workers of C. festai and C. riedeli have a row of erect coarse setae on the dorsal surface of the scape, in addition to decumbent pilosity and distal bristles, and suberect to erect bristle-like setae on the dorsal surface of the hindtibia, whereas C. samius has no such setae. C. festai differs from C. riedeli Pisarski by the shorter, suberect bristle-like setae on the hindtibia (in C. riedeli, the length of such setae sometimes exceeds the maximum tibial diameter) and by the usually unicolorous mesosoma and legs, as opposed to a variable color of the mesosoma and legs (in C. riedeli, the mesosoma ventrolaterally and the coxae are distinctly paler than the mesosomal dorsum); in only five out of 80 specimens of C. festai is the dorsum of the mesosoma and tarsi dark brownish-black, and the pleura of mesosoma and coxae red. C. festai differs from C. samius by having prismatic hindtibia, as opposed to flattened hindtibia without a distinct dorsomedial ridge, and more abundant pilosity. C. festai has distinctly more erect setae on the scape: on average 13.4 (range = 3–21, n = 34) compared to 5.9 (range = 1–12, n = 14). The major worker has on the dorsum of the mesosoma more than 90 setae (n = 10) in C. festai and 56–60 setae (n = 10) in C. samius. C. festai has a distinctly broader head in the major workers: HW/HL ranges 0.91–1.10 (n = 10) in C. festai, and 0.87–0.90 (n = 10) in C. samius.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Greece, Israel, Lebanon (type locality), Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • festai. Camponotus maculatus subsp. festai Emery, 1894d: 1 (s.w.) LEBANON. Emery, 1898c: 149 (q.). Tohmé & Tohmé, 1999: 476 (m.). Combination in C. (Myrmoturba): Forel, 1913d: 434; in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925b: 99. Raised to species: Emery, 1905d: 31 (in text); Emery, 1908a: 187; Emery, 1920c: 6. Senior synonym of caeciliae: Emery, 1908a: 187. See also: Tohmé & Tohmé, 1999: 476.
  • caeciliae. Camponotus maculatus r. caeciliae Forel, 1906c: 188 (s.w.) TURKEY. Junior synonym of festai: Emery, 1908a: 187.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Ionescu-Hirsch (2009) - TL = 6.9–13.4, HL = 1.60–3.55, HW = 1.13–3.75, EL = 0.40–0.65, SL = 2.09–3.13, ML = 2.66–4.57, PW = 1.04–1.99, mTbL = 1.76–2.85, hTbL = 2.54–3.87 (n = 20).

References

  • Emery, C. 1894e. Viaggio del Dott. E. Festa in Palestina, nel Libano e regioni vicine. XI. Descrizione di un nuovo Camponotus. Boll. Mus. Zool. Anat. Comp. R. Univ. Torino 9(1 185: 1-2 (page 1, soldier, worker described)
  • Emery, C. 1898c. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der palaearktischen Ameisen. Öfvers. Fin. Vetensk.-Soc. Förh. 20: 124-151 (page 149, queen described)
  • Emery, C. 1905g. Le forme paleartiche del Camponotus maculatus F. Rend. Sess. R. Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna (n.s.) 9: 27-44 (page 31, raised to species (in text))
  • Emery, C. 1908a. Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. Dtsch. Entomol. Z. 1908: 165-205 (page 187, raised to species, senior synonym of caeciliae)
  • Emery, C. 1920d. Studi sui Camponotus. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 52: 3-48 (page 6, raised to species)
  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 99, combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex))
  • Forel, A. 1913d. Fourmis de la faune méditerranéenne récoltées par MM. U. et J. Sahlberg. Rev. Suisse Zool. 21: 427-438 (page 434, combination in C. (Myrmoturba))
  • Ionescu-Hirsch, A. 2010 (2009). An annotated list of Camponotus of Israel, with a key and descriptions of new species. Israel Journal of Entomology. 39:57-98. PDF
  • Tohmé, G.; Tohmé, H. 2000a [1999]. Redescription de Camponotus festai Emery, 1894, et description de C. sannini n. sp., deux fourmis du Liban at de la Syrie (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Bull. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 104: 473-480 (page 476, see also)