Camponotus lubbocki

AntWiki - Where Ant Biologists Share Their Knowledge
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Camponotus lubbocki
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Subgenus: Mayria
Species: C. lubbocki
Binomial name
Camponotus lubbocki
Forel, 1886

Camponotus lubbocki casent0101518 profile 1.jpg

Camponotus lubbocki casent0101518 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Synonyms

Camponotus lubbocki commonly occurs in montane shrubland and montane rainforests in the northeast, central, and southern high plateau of Madagascar. The species is rarely known from rainforests and the transitional forest between spiny and dry forests. Across this mountainous region, the species nests mostly in the ground, in root mats in the ground, and under moss on the ground, but occasionally nests in rotten logs and under stones. (Rakotonirina & Fisher, 2018)

Identification

A member of the subgenus Mayria (see diagnosis). Rakotonirina and Fisher (2018) - Median portion of clypeus with longitudinal carina; anteromedian margin of clypeus broadly rounded; in lateral view, mesosoma long and low; petiolar node tapered dorsally; body entirely dark brown to black, coxa without white color; dorsum of mesosoma covered with 6 to 10 short erect hairs and abundant and long pubescence.

Camponotus lubbocki is morphologically similar to Camponotus liandia and Camponotus manabo but the anteromedian clypeal margin projects into an obtuse triangular lobe in C. liandia. In C. manabo, the dorsal margin of the petiolar node is convex in lateral view and the mesosomal dorsum is covered with numerous erect hairs and sparse, short pubescence.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Malagasy Region: Madagascar (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Queen

Male

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • lubbocki. Camponotus lubbocki Forel, 1886f: 186 (w.) MADAGASCAR.
    • Forel, 1891b: 61 (q.); Forel, 1891b: 216 (s.).
    • Combination in C. (Myrmosaga): Forel, 1912i: 92;
    • Combination in C. (Mayria): Emery, 1925b: 123.
    • Status as species: Forel, 1891b: 60 (redescription), 216; Dalla Torre, 1893: 240; Emery, 1896d: 374 (in list); Forel, 1907g: 91; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 1046; Emery, 1925b: 123; Bolton, 1995b: 109.
    • Senior synonym of christoides: Rakotonirina & Fisher, 2018: 35.
    • Senior synonym of rectus: Rakotonirina & Fisher, 2018: 35.
  • christoides. Camponotus lubbocki r. christoides Forel, 1891b: 61 (w.) MADAGASCAR.
    • Combination in C. (Mayria): Emery, 1925b: 123.
    • Subspecies of lubbocki: Emery, in Dalla Torre, 1893: 240 (footnote); Emery, 1896d: 374 (in list); Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 1046; Emery, 1925b: 123; Bolton, 1995b: 92.
    • Junior synonym of lubbocki: Rakotonirina & Fisher, 2018: 35.
  • rectus. Camponotus lubbocki var. rectus Forel, 1891b: 217 (w.) MADAGASCAR.
    • Combination in C. (Mayria): Emery, 1925b: 123.
    • Subspecies of lubbocki: Dalla Torre, 1893: 240; Emery, 1896d: 374 (in list); Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 1046; Emery, 1925b: 123; Bolton, 1995b: 120.
    • Junior synonym of lubbocki: Rakotonirina & Fisher, 2018: 35.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Rakotonirina and Fisher (2018) - Minor. In full-face view, head elongate and rectangular, posterolateral margin rounding to the roughly straight posterior margin. Clypeus with broadly rounded anterior margin and remarkable anterolateral angles; median carina visible and fully developed. Eyes not breaking lateral outlines of head, their posterior margins located far behind the midlength of the head (PoOc/CL: 0.27±0.01; 0.25–0.30). Mandible triangular, apical margin with six sharp teeth. Antennal scape long, its basal half nearly reaching posterior cephalic border. In lateral view, pronotum and anterior portion of mesonotum noticeably convex; posterior portion of mesonotum and propodeal dorsum straight; junction of propodeal dorsum and declivity surface broadly angulate; propodeal dorsum roughly three times longer than height of declivity; propodeal spiracle slit-like. Petiolar node higher than long and tapering dorsally.

Sparse, erect hairs, shorter than height of propodeal declivity and abundant, long pubescence present on dorsum of head, mesosoma, petiole and gaster; body color entirely reddish-black to black.

Major. With characteristics of minor worker, except for the following characters: enlarged head, with slight medial excision on posterior margin; medially concave anterior clypeal margin; apical third of antennal scape surpassing posterior cephalic margin; pronotum and mesonotum forming an even convexity and separated from propodeum by distinct metanotum.

Type Material

References

  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 123, Combination in C. (Mayria))
  • Forel, A. 1886h. Études myrmécologiques en 1886. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 30: 131-215 (page 186, worker described)
  • Forel, A. 1891c. Les Formicides. [part]. In: Grandidier, A. Histoire physique, naturelle, et politique de Madagascar. Volume XX. Histoire naturelle des Hyménoptères. Deuxième partie (28e fascicule). Paris: Hachette et Cie, v + 237 pp. (page 60, queen described)
  • Forel, A. 1891c. Les Formicides. [part]. In: Grandidier, A. Histoire physique, naturelle, et politique de Madagascar. Volume XX. Histoire naturelle des Hyménoptères. Deuxième partie (28e fascicule). Paris: Hachette et Cie, v + 237 pp. (page 216, soldier described)
  • Forel, A. 1912j. Formicides néotropiques. Part VI. 5me sous-famille Camponotinae Forel. Mém. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 20: 59-92 (page 92, Combination in C. (Myrmosaga))
  • Rakotonirina, J.C., Fisher, B.L. 2018. Taxonomic revision of the Malagasy Camponotus subgenus Mayria (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) using qualitative and quantitative morphology. Zootaxa 4438: 1–58 (DOI 10.11646/zootaxa.4438.1.1).
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1922k. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. IX. A synonymic list of the ants of the Malagasy region. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 4 45: 1005-1055 (see also)