Camponotus maculatus

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Camponotus maculatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. maculatus
Binomial name
Camponotus maculatus
(Fabricius, 1782)

Camponotus maculatus casent0055750 profile 1.jpg

Camponotus maculatus casent0055750 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Subspecies
Synonyms

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Angola, Benin, Cameroun, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, São Tomé & Principe, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zimbabwe.
Indo-Australian Region: Micronesia (Federated States of), Palau.
Malagasy Region: Madagascar, Mauritius, Mayotte, Réunion.
Neotropical Region: Trinidad and Tobago.
Palaearctic Region: Algeria, Iran, Oman.

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Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • maculatus. Formica maculata Fabricius, 1782: 491 (w.) WEST AFRICA. Mayr, 1862: 654 (q.m.); Forel, 1891b: 29 (s.w.q.m.); Donisthorpe, 1915a: 221 (redescription of holotype). Combination in Camponotus: Mayr, 1862: 654; in C. (Myrmoturba): Forel, 1912i: 91; in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925b: 86. Subspecies of sylvaticus: Forel, 1879a: 64; of rubripes: Forel, 1886f: 143. Revived status as species: Emery, 1891b: 17. Senior synonym of atramentarius, ballioni, boera, cavallus, cluisoides, cognata, conakryensis, erythraea, flavifemur, flavominor, hannae, hieroglyphicus, intonsus, lacteipennis, liengmei, liocnemis, lividior, lohieri, manzer, mathildae, melanocnemis (and its junior synonym schultzei), nubis, proletaria, radamoides, sarmentus, schereri, semispicatus, sudanicus, thomensis, tuckeri, zumpti and material of the unavailable names calceatus, cataractae, citinus, cluis, contaminatus, diffusus, hansingi, importunoides, madecassa, pessimus referred here: Baroni Urbani, 1972: 125-127. Current subspecies: nominal plus foveolatus (unresolved junior homonym), miserabilis (unresolved junior homonym), obfuscatus, subnudus, sylvaticomaculatus, ugandensis.
  • cognata. Formica cognata Smith, F. 1858b: 35 (s.w.) SOUTH AFRICA. Mayr, 1862: 655 (q.m.). Combination in Camponotus: Mayr, 1862: 655; in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925b: 88. Subspecies of sylvaticus: Forel, 1879a: 65; of rubripes: Forel, 1886f: 143; of maculatus: Mayr, 1862: 655; Emery, 1891b: 19; Emery, 1920c: 5; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 953; Arnold, 1922: 631. Junior synonym of maculatus: Roger, 1863b: 2; Baroni Urbani, 1972: 125.
  • lacteipennis. Formica lacteipennis Smith, F. 1858b: 34 (s.w.q.m.) SOUTH AFRICA. Combination in C. (Myrmoturba): Forel, 1914a: 267; in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925b: 90. Subspecies of sylvaticus: Mayr, 1886c: 355; of maculatus: Emery, 1895h: 46; Emery, 1920c: 5. Junior synonym of maculatus: Baroni Urbani, 1972: 125. See also: Arnold, 1922: 626.
  • radamoides Camponotus maculatus var. radamoides Forel, 1891b: 213 (s.w.) MADAGASCAR. Combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925b: 88. Subspecies of maculatus: Santschi, 1917b: 292; Santschi, 1935a: 279. Junior synonym of maculatus: Baroni Urbani, 1972: 125.
  • liengmei. Camponotus sexpunctatus var. liengmei Forel, 1894b: 67 (s.w.) MOZAMBIQUE. Forel, 1907g: 88 (m.). Combination in C. (Myrmoturba): Forel, 1914a: 267; in C. (Dinomyrmex): Santschi, 1921f: 312; in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925b: 87. Subspecies of maculatus: Forel, 1901h: 69; Forel, 1911e: 288; Arnold, 1922: 636; Emery, 1920c: 5; Emery, 1925b: 87. Raised to species: Santschi, 1923e: 292. Junior synonym of maculatus: Baroni Urbani, 1972: 125.
  • atramentarius. Camponotus maculatus var. atramentarius Forel, 1904b: 379 (w.) ETHIOPIA. Forel, 1910f: 26 (q.). Combination in C. (Myrmoturba): Forel, 1913b: 340; in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925b: 88. Subspecies of maculatus: Forel, 1905b: 180; Emery, 1920c: 5. Junior synonym of maculatus: Baroni Urbani, 1972: 125.
  • ballioni. Camponotus maculatus r. ballioni Forel, 1904d: 176 (w.q.) SOUTH AFRICA. Combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925b: 87. Raised to species: Santschi, 1925h: 166. Junior synonym of maculatus: Baroni Urbani, 1972: 125.
  • intonsus. Camponotus maculatus subsp. intonsus Emery, 1905d: 29 (footnote) (s.w.) SOUTH AFRICA. Junior synonym of maculatus: Baroni Urbani, 1972: 125.
  • liocnemis. Camponotus maculatus subsp. liocnemis Emery, 1905d: 30 (footnote) (s.w.) SOUTH AFRICA. Santschi, 1914e: 38 (q.m.). Junior synonym of maculatus: Baroni Urbani, 1972: 125.
  • manzer. Camponotus maculatus subsp. manzer Forel, 1910e: 452 (s.) ZIMBABWE. Forel, 1911f: 280 (w.); Santschi, 1916b: 509 (m.). Combination in C. (Myrmoturba): Santschi, 1916b: 509; in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925b: 88. Junior synonym of maculatus: Baroni Urbani, 1972: 125.
  • mathildae. Camponotus maculatus subsp. mathildae Forel, 1910c: 266 (s.w.q.) SOUTH AFRICA. Combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925b: 88. Junior synonym of maculatus: Baroni Urbani, 1972: 125.
  • cavallus. Camponotus maculatus st. cavallus Santschi, 1911g: 211 (s.w.q.) ANGOLA. Combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925b: 88. Junior synonym of maculatus: Baroni Urbani, 1972: 125.
  • lividior. Camponotus maculatus var. lividior Santschi, 1911e: 128 (s.w.q.m.) COMORO IS. Junior synonym of maculatus: Baroni Urbani, 1972: 125.
  • melanocnemis. Camponotus maculatus var. melanocnemis Santschi, 1911c: 368 (s.) DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO. Santschi, 1915c: 278 (w.). Subspecies of maculatus: Forel, 1913h: 355; Santschi, 1913c: 313. See also: Arnold, 1922: 637. Senior synonym of schultzei: Forel, 1914d: 250. Junior synonym of maculatus: Baroni Urbani, 1972: 125.
  • schereri. Camponotus maculatus subsp. schereri Forel, 1911e: 289 (w.q.) LIBERIA. Combination in C. (Myrmoturba): Santschi, 1915c: 280; in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925b: 88. Junior synonym of maculatus: Baroni Urbani, 1972: 125.
  • schultzei. Camponotus maculatus var. schultzei Forel, 1912j: 179 (s.w.m.) UGANDA. Junior synonym of melanocnemis: Forel, 1914d: 250.
  • cluisoides. Camponotus (Myrmoturba) maculatus var. cluisoides Forel, 1913h: 354 (s.w.) KENYA. Combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925b: 87. Junior synonym of maculatus: Baroni Urbani, 1972: 125.
  • miserabilis. Camponotus (Myrmoturba) maculatus st. miserabilis Santschi, 1914d: 379 (s.w.) GUINEA. [Junior primary homonym of †miserabilis Förster, above.] Replacement name: proletaria Baroni Urbani, 1971b: 362.
  • lohieri. Camponotus (Myrmoturba) maculatus var. lohieri Emery, 1915g: 22 (w.) IVORY COAST. [First available use of Camponotus (Myrmoturba) maculatus st. melanocnemis var. lohieri Santschi, 1913c: 313; unavailable name.] Junior synonym of maculatus: Baroni Urbani, 1972: 125.
  • hieroglyphicus. Camponotus maculatus st. hieroglyphicus Santschi, 1917b: 290 (s.w.q.) ANGOLA. Combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925b: 88. Junior synonym of maculatus: Baroni Urbani, 1972: 125.
  • hannae. Camponotus (Myrmoturba) maculatus st. hannae Santschi, 1919a: 349, fig. 4 (s.w.) ZIMBABWE. Combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925b: 88. Junior synonym of maculatus: Baroni Urbani, 1972: 125.
  • conakryensis. Camponotus (Myrmoturba) maculatus var. conakryensis Emery, 1920c: 13 (s.w.) GUINEA. Junior synonym of maculatus: Baroni Urbani, 1972: 125.
  • erythraea. Camponotus (Myrmoturba) maculatus var. erythraea Emery, 1920c: 14 (s.) ETHIOPIA. Junior synonym of maculatus: Baroni Urbani, 1972: 125.
  • sarmentus. Camponotus (Myrmoturba) maculatus subsp. sarmentus Emery, 1920c: 14, fig. 2 (s.w.) TANZANIA. Combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925b: 88. Junior synonym of maculatus: Baroni Urbani, 1972: 125.
  • semispicatus. Camponotus (Myrmoturba) maculatus var. semispicatus Emery, 1920c: 5 (w.) KENYA. [First available use of Camponotus (Myrmoturba) maculatus st. mathildae var. semispicata Santschi, 1914b: 130; unavailable name.] Menozzi, 1930b: 116 (q.). Combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925b: 87. Subspecies of maculatus: Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 957. Junior synonym of maculatus: Baroni Urbani, 1972: 125.
  • thomensis. Camponotus (Myrmoturba) maculatus var. thomensis Santschi, 1920i: 3 (s.w.m.) SÃO TOMÉ & PRÍNCIPE (São Tomé I.). Junior synonym of maculatus: Baroni Urbani, 1972: 125.
  • boera. Camponotus (Myrmoturba) ballioni var. boera Santschi, 1925h: 166 (s.w.q.) SOUTH AFRICA. [First available use of Camponotus maculatus subsp. cognatus var. boera Forel, 1910f: 27; unavailable name.] Junior synonym of maculatus: Baroni Urbani, 1972: 125.
  • flavominor. Camponotus (Tanaemyrmex) maculatus var. flavominor Emery, 1925b: 87 (s.w.) BENIN. [First available use of Camponotus (Myrmoturba) maculatus st. melanocnemis var. flavominor Santschi, 1920i: 4; unavailable name.] Junior synonym of maculatus: Baroni Urbani, 1972: 125.
  • tuckeri. Camponotus (Myrmoturba) maculatus var. tuckeri Santschi, 1932a: 391 (s.w.m.) NAMIBIA. Junior synonym of maculatus: Baroni Urbani, 1972: 125.
  • flavifemur. Camponotus (Myrmoturba) maculatus var. flavifemur Santschi, 1937g: 84 (w.q.) TANZANIA. Junior synonym of maculatus: Baroni Urbani, 1972: 125.
  • zumpti. Camponotus (Myrmoturba) maculatus var. zumpti Santschi, 1937b: 103 (w.) CAMEROUN. Junior synonym of maculatus: Baroni Urbani, 1972: 125.
  • nubis. Camponotus (Myrmoturba) maculatus subsp. nubis Weber, 1943c: 385, pl. 16, fig. 30 (s.w.) SUDAN. Junior synonym of maculatus: Baroni Urbani, 1972: 125.
  • sudanicus. Camponotus (Myrmoturba) maculatus subsp. sudanicus Weber, 1943c: 385 (s.w.) SUDAN. Junior synonym of maculatus: Baroni Urbani, 1972: 125.
  • proletaria. Camponotus maculatus subsp. proletaria Baroni Urbani, 1971b: 362. Replacement name for miserabilis Santschi, 1914d: 379. [Junior primary homonym of †miserabilis Förster, 1891: 430.] Junior synonym of maculatus: Baroni Urbani, 1972: 125.

Description

References

  • Baroni Urbani, C. 1972. Studi sui Camponotus (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Verh. Naturforsch. Ges. Basel 82: 122-135 (page 125-127, senior synonym of atramentarius, ballioni, boera, cavallus, cluisoides, cognata, conakryensis, erythraea, flavifemur, flavominor, hannae, hieroglyphicus, intonsus, lacteipennis, liengmei, liocnemis, lividor, lohieri, manzer, mathildae, melanocnemis (and i)
  • Donisthorpe, H. 1915c. The type of Camponotus (Myrmoturba) maculatus, F. Entomol. Rec. J. Var. 27: 221-222 (page 221, redescription of holotype)
  • Emery, C. 1891c. Exploration scientifique de la Tunisie. Zoologie. - Hyménoptères. Révision critique des fourmis de la Tunisie. Paris: Imprimerie Nationale, iii + 21 pp. (page 17, revived status as species)
  • Emery, C. 1905g. Le forme paleartiche del Camponotus maculatus F. Rend. Sess. R. Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna (n.s.) 9: 27-44 PDF
  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 86, combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex))
  • Fabricius, J. C. 1782 [1781]. Species insectorum exhibentes eorum differentias specificas, synonyma, auctorum loca natalia, metamorphosin adiectis observationibus, descriptionibus. Tome I. Hamburgi et Kilonii [= Hamburg and Kiel]: C. E. Bohn, 552 pp. (page 491, worker described)
  • Forel, A. 1879a. Études myrmécologiques en 1879 (deuxième partie [1re partie en 1878]). Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 16: 53-128 (page 64, race of sylvaticus)
  • Forel, A. 1886h. Études myrmécologiques en 1886. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 30: 131-215 (page 143, race of rubripes)
  • Forel, A. 1891c. Les Formicides. [part]. In: Grandidier, A. Histoire physique, naturelle, et politique de Madagascar. Volume XX. Histoire naturelle des Hyménoptères. Deuxième partie (28e fascicule). Paris: Hachette et Cie, v + 237 pp. (page 29, soldier, worker, queen, male described)
  • Forel, A. 1912j. Formicides néotropiques. Part VI. 5me sous-famille Camponotinae Forel. Mém. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 20: 59-92 (page 91, combination in C. (Myrmoturba))
  • Mayr, G. 1862. Myrmecologische Studien. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 12: 649-776 (page 654, queen, male described)
  • Mayr, G. 1862. Myrmecologische Studien. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 12: 649-776 (page 654, combination in Camponotus)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1922k. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. IX. A synonymic list of the ants of the Malagasy region. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 4 45: 1005-1055 (see also)