Camponotus melanus

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Camponotus melanus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. melanus
Binomial name
Camponotus melanus
Dumpert, 1995

Camponotus melanus casent0905893 p 1 high.jpg

Camponotus melanus casent0905893 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Dumpert et al. (2006) - In Borneo a C. melanus queen without brood was the sole ant in one of five Monomorium sp. pavilions (12.3 cm length and 1.1 cm width), with the other four pavilions still being occupied by their original owners. The C. melanus containing pavilion was built out of leaf hairs in the typical nest building mode of Monomorium and contained no silk. The coccids located in both the single nest occupied by the C. melanus queen and inside the four detected Monomorium pavilions, belong to the same species (Coccus hesperidium Linnaeus, 1758). Average measurements of the four Monomorium pavilions were 12.3 cm × 1.1 cm × 0.3 cm. It is noticeable that the single nest taken over by C. melanus was enlarged in width and height (4 cm × 1.5 cm) apparently to be more suitable for the much larger Karavaievia inhabitants. Microscopic structure of the nest walls indicated that this enlargement was done by the tiny Monomorium workers (Weissflog 2001). These findings seem to represent the earliest stage of colony foundation of a Karavaievia colony. In contrast, in Camponotus micragyne, which is known from West Malaysia and Sumatra, we came upon a progressive stage of colony establishment.

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Borneo, Indonesia, Malaysia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

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Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • melanus. Camponotus (Karavaievia) melanus Dumpert, in Dumpert, Maschwitz, et al. 1995: 92, figs. 1, 2, 5 (w.q.m.) WEST MALAYSIA.

Description

References