Camponotus nidulans

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Camponotus nidulans
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. nidulans
Binomial name
Camponotus nidulans
(Smith, F., 1860)

Camponotus nidulans casent0280322 p 1 high.jpg

Camponotus nidulans casent0280322 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

Photo Gallery

  • Camponotus nidulans infected by Ophiocordyceps camponoti-nidulantis on its typical display where the antennae are spread in order to optimize the transmission of asexual spores produced along the antenna. Dead on a summit position, aiming to spread the sexual spores. (Photo by João P. M. Araújo)

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Bolivia, Brazil (type locality), Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Fungi

This species is a host for the fungus Ophiocordyceps camponoti-nidulantis (Araujo et al., 2018).

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • nidulans. Formica nidulans Smith, F. 1860c: 69 (w.q.m.) BRAZIL. Combination in Camponotus: Mayr, 1862: 672; in Dendromyrmex: Emery, 1896d: 378; in C. (Dendromyrmex): Fernández, 2002: 65. Senior synonym of acoma, fabricii, felis, io, mamoreensis, niger, nigripes, pictus, rufescens, vestita: Fernández, 2002: 65.
  • fabricii. Camponotus fabricii Roger, 1862c: 285 (footnote) (w.) SURINAM. Combination in Dendromyrmex: Emery, 1895j: 772. Junior synonym of nidulans: Fernández, 2002: 65.
  • acoma. Camponotus (Dendromyrmex) fabricii var. acoma Forel, 1908c: 418 (w.) BRAZIL. Combination in Dendromyrmex: Emery, 1925b: 173. Junior synonym of nidulans: Fernández, 2002: 65.
  • felis. Dendromyrmex chartifex var. felis Wheeler, W.M. 1916c: 13 (w.q.) GUYANA. [Also described as new by Mann, 1916: 484.] Junior synonym of nidulans: Fernández, 2002: 65.
  • mamoreensis. Dendromyrmex chartifex subsp. mamoreensis Mann, 1916: 485 (w.) BRAZIL. Raised to species: Santschi, 1921g: 102. Subspecies of chartifex: Emery, 1925b: 173; Kempf, 1972a: 95. Junior synonym of nidulans: Fernández, 2002: 66.
  • nigripes. Dendromyrmex nidulans var. nigripes Wheeler, W.M. 1916c: 13 (w.q.) GUYANA. Junior synonym of nidulans: Fernández, 2002: 65.
  • rufescens. Dendromyrmex fabricii var. rufescens Wheeler, W.M. 1916c: 13 (w.) GUYANA. Junior synonym of nidulans: Fernández, 2002: 66.
  • vestita. Dendromyrmex mamoreensis st. vestita Santschi, 1921g: 102 (w.) FRENCH GUIANA. [Unresolved junior secondary homonym of vestitus Smith, above.] Subspecies of chartifex: Emery, 1925b: 173. Junior synonym of nidulans: Fernández, 2002: 66.
  • pictus. Dendromyrmex fabricii var. pictus Wheeler, W.M. 1923a: 6 (w.) BRAZIL. Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1953e: 202 (l.). [Unresolved junior secondary homonym of pictus Forel, above.] Junior synonym of nidulans: Fernández, 2002: 66.
  • io. Dendromyrmex fabricii subsp. io Weber, 1943b: 77 (w.) GUYANA. Junior synonym of nidulans: Fernández, 2002: 66.
  • niger. Dendromyrmex fabricii subsp. niger Weber, 1943b: 76 (w.) SURINAM. [Unresolved junior secondary homonym of niger Emery, above.] Junior synonym of nidulans: Fernández, 2002: 66.

Description

References

  • Araújo, J.P.M., Evans, H.C., Kepler, R., Hughes, D.P. 2018. Zombie-ant fungi across continents: 15 new species and new combinations within Ophiocordyceps. I. Myrmecophilous hirsutelloid species. Studies in Mycology 90: 119–160 (DOI 10.1016/j.simyco.2017.12.002).
  • Emery, C. 1896j. Saggio di un catalogo sistematico dei generi Camponotus, Polyrhachis e affini. Mem. R. Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna (5)5:363-382 (page 378, Combination in Dendromyrmex)
  • Fernández, F. 2002a. Revisión de las hormigas Camponotus subgénero Dendromyrmex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Pap. Avulsos Zool. (São Paulo) 42: 47-101 (page 65, Combination in C. (Dendromyrmex) and senior synonyim of acoma, fabricii, felis, io, mamoreensis, niger, nigripes, pictus, rufescens, vestita)
  • Mayr, G. 1862. Myrmecologische Studien. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 12: 649-776 (page 672, Combination in Camponotus)
  • Smith, F. 1860c. Descriptions of new genera and species of exotic Hymenoptera. J. Entomol. 1: 65-84 (page 69, worker, queen, male described)