Cardiocondyla israelica

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Cardiocondyla israelica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Cardiocondyla
Species: C. israelica
Binomial name
Cardiocondyla israelica
Seifert, 2003

Nothing is known about the biology of Cardiocondyla israelica.

Identification

Seifert (2003) - A member of the Cardiocondyla bulgarica group. Cardiocondyla israelica is in overall morphometry similar to Cardiocondyla ulianini and Cardiocondyla gallilaeica but can be separated in both workers and gynes by its much deeper, well-demarcated, and densely-packed vertex foveolae, the stronger longitudinal sculpture on head, and the longer tergite pubescence. Further diagnostic characters separating the gyne from Cardiocondyla bulgarica, Cardiocondyla persiana, and Cardiocondyla sahlbergi are the very low petiole ratios with PEW/CS 0.406, PEH/CS 0.406, PEW/PPW 0.568, and PEH/PPH 1.099.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Israel (type locality).

Egypt

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • israelica. Cardiocondyla israelica Seifert, 2003a: 231, fig. 12 (w.q.) ISRAEL.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Occiput slightly excavated. Vertex foveolae relatively deep and well-demarcated, bicoronate, densely-packed, interspaces much smaller than foveolar diameter. Median area of vertex longitudinally carinulate-rugulose. Median area of clypeus smooth, its lateral portions weakly longitudinally carinulate. Dorsal area of promesonotum varying from almost smooth to longitudinally carinulate-rugulose. Lateral area of mesosoma and propodeum with well-developed micro reticulum, metapleuron longitudinally carinulate-rugulose. Dorsal area of postpetiole and median area of petiolar node smooth, lateral area of petiole microreticulate. Spines rather thin and erected, spine axis in lateral view deviating 45° from longitudinal mesosomal axis; spine bases much approached, SPBA/CS 0.221. Metanotal groove deep but with shallow anterior and posterior slopes. Petiole very narrow, PEW/CS 0.285, its node as wide as long. Anteroventral petiolar dent reduced, in the Tor specimens entirely lacking, in the Neot Hakikar specimen reduced to shallow obtusely-angled (130°) protrusion. Postpetiolar sternite with weak anteromedian bulge. Anterior profile of petiole node relative to dorsal profile of peduncle steeper than in C. sahlbergi and Cardiocondyla elegans. Pubescence on gaster tergites relatively long and dense. Rather concolorous medium brown with yellowish tinge.

Queen

Rather large, CS 637. Head short, CL/CW 1.120. Postocular index relatively large, PoOC/CL 0.430. Sculpture stronger than in related species. Vertex sculpture in overall impression approaching the condition in Cardiocondyla koshewnikovi: deep, irregular, mostly bicoronate foveolae, whose lateral demarcations are supported by longitudinal rugosity. Frontal lobes, periphery of frontal triangle, and narrow median stripe of vertex longitudinally carinulate. Lateral area of pro not urn, anepi sternit, meso- and metapleuron with well-expressed longitudinal carinulae. Mesonotum longitudinally carinulate-rugulose; the interspaces with scattered foveolae. Propodeal spines rather thin and with low-level origin (base centre at 57 % of metapleural-scutellomesonotal height span). Petiolar and postpetiolar nodes entirely smooth. Petiole narrow, PEW/CS 0.406. Postpetiole with rather strong anteroventral process; in dorsal view, with slightly concave anterior margin. Petiole node 1.5x as wide as long. Whole body concolourous medium to dark brown.

Type Material

Worker holotype and 1 paratype worker, Museum of Comparative Zoology, labelled “Tor (Sinai), 25.2.35, W. Wittmer”. 1 worker paratype, Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde Görlitz, labelled “Neot Hakikar Israel, 21.III.1980, 1eg. Kugler”. 1 gyne paratype, SMNG, labelled “Ein Agrabim, Israel, 22.III.1980, leg. Kugler”. 5 worker paratypes, SMNG, labelled “EGYPT: 31.31. E, 30.56 N, Ebn Salam Mansora, salty soil, Tamarix & Phragmites, leg. Sharaf 2002.11.07” (samples No. 23, 27 and 28).

The holotype and paratype workers from Tor (Sinai), leg. W. Wittmer 1935.02.25 were formerly labelled as syntypes of Cardiocondyla elegans var. torretassoi Finzi, 1936. However, after lectotype fixation for Cardiocondyla torretassoi (=Cardiocondyla nigra) in the syntype series from Wadi Hoff, which definitely belongs to a separate species, this sample is available to serve as types of C. israelica.

References