Carebara affinis

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Carebara affinis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Carebara
Species: C. affinis
Binomial name
Carebara affinis
(Jerdon, 1851)

Pheidologeton affinis casent0106016 p 1 high.jpg

Pheidologeton affinis casent0106016 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Subspecies
Synonyms

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).
Indo-Australian Region: Borneo, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines.
Oriental Region: Bangladesh, India (type locality), Laos, Myanmar, Nicobar Island, Thailand.
Palaearctic Region: China.

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Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • affinis. Oecodoma affinis Jerdon, 1851: 110 (s.w.) INDIA. Emery, 1893e: 212 (q.m.); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1954a: 138 (l.). Combination in Pheidole: Smith, F. 1858b: 174; in Pheidologeton: Roger, 1863b: 30; in Carebara: Fischer, Azorsa & Fisher, 2014: 71. Senior synonym of bellicosa, laboriosa (and its junior synonym calida): Emery, 1893e: 206; of australis, mjobergi: Taylor, 1991b: 608. Current subspecies: nominal plus javana, minor, spinosior, sumatrensis. See also: Bingham, 1903: 164.
  • bellicosa. Atta bellicosa Smith, F. 1858b: 164 (s.w.) MYANMAR. Combination in Pheidologeton: Mayr, 1886c: 360. Junior synonym of affinis: Emery, 1893e: 206.
  • laboriosa. Solenopsis laboriosa Smith, F. 1861b: 48 (s.w.) INDONESIA (Sulawesi). Mayr, 1867a: 101 (q.). Combination in Pheidologeton: Mayr, 1862: 750. Senior synonym of calida: Mayr, 1867a: 100. Junior synonym of affinis: Emery, 1893e: 206.
  • calida. Solenopsis calida Smith, F. 1863: 22 (q.) INDONESIA (Seram I.). Combination in Pheidologeton: Mayr, 1862: 750. Junior synonym of laboriosa: Mayr, 1867a: 100.
  • australis. Pheidologeton affinis var. australis Forel, 1915b: 68 (w.q.) AUSTRALIA. Forel, 1918a: 722 (s.). Raised to species: Forel, 1918a: 721. Junior synonym of affinis: Taylor, 1991b: 608.
  • mjobergi. Pheidologeton australis var. mjobergi Forel, 1918a: 723 (q.) AUSTRALIA. Junior synonym of affinis: Taylor, 1991b: 608.

Type Material

  • Pheidologeton affinis: Syntype, worker(s), Ravenshoe (as Cedar Creek), Herberton and Atherton, Queensland, Australia, Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève.
  • Oecodoma affinis Jerdon, 1851: Holotype, worker, India, India.
  • Pheidologeton australis mjobergi Forel, 1918: Syntype, queen(s), Atherton, Queensland, Australia, Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève.

The following notes on F. Smith type specimens have been provided by Barry Bolton (details):

Solenopsis calida

Holotype queen in Oxford University Museum of Natural History. Labelled “Cer.” (= Seram I.).

Solenopsis laboriosa

Five worker syntypes in Oxford University Museum of Natural History. Labelled “Tond.” (= Tondano, Sulawesi). Each worker is on a separate card with the letter “b” written in the lower left corner.

Donisthorpe (1932c) nominated specimens in Oxford University Museum of Natural History from “Wag.” (= Waigeo I., New Guinea) as type-series of laboriosa. This is incorrect as Smith clearly stated that the type-locality was “Celebes, Tondano.”

Description

References

  • Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. (page 164, see also)
  • Emery, C. 1893g. Formicides de l'Archipel Malais. Rev. Suisse Zool. 1: 187-229 (page 212, queen, male described)
  • Emery, C. 1893g. Formicides de l'Archipel Malais. Rev. Suisse Zool. 1: 187-229 (page 206, Senior synonym of bellicosa and laboriosa (and its junior synonym calida))
  • Fischer, G., Azorsa, F. & Fisher, B.L. 2014. The ant genus Carebara Westwood (Hymenoptera, Formicidae): synonymisation of Pheidologeton Mayr under Carebara, establishment and revision of the C. polita species group. ZooKeys 438: 57–112.
  • Jerdon, T. C. 1851. A catalogue of the species of ants found in Southern India. Madras J. Lit. Sci. 17: 103-127 (page 110, soldier, worker described)
  • Roger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berl. Entomol. Z. 7(B Beilage: 1-65 (page 30, Combination in Pheidologeton)
  • Smith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 174, Combination in Pheidole)
  • Taylor, R. W. 1991b. Nomenclature and distribution of some Australasian ants of the Myrmicinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Mem. Qld. Mus. 30: 599-614 (page 608, Senior synonym of australis and mjobergi)
  • Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1954a [1953]. The ant larvae of the myrmicine tribe Pheidologetini. Psyche (Camb.) 60: 129-147 (page 138, larva described)