Cataglyphis hispanica

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Cataglyphis hispanica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Formicini
Genus: Cataglyphis
Species: C. hispanica
Binomial name
Cataglyphis hispanica
(Emery, 1906)

Cataglyphis hispanica casent0903288 p 1 high.jpg

Cataglyphis hispanica casent0903288 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

Gonçalves et al (2017) found Cataglyphis hispanica to be one of the most common ants in the Iberian vineyards they sampled (pitfall trapping).

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Iberian Peninsula, Portugal, Spain (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Queens are brachypterous (i.e. short-winged), implying a significant reduction in female dispersal (Peeters & Aron 2017).

Thorax of brachypterous queen in C. hispanica, showing modified thoracic sclerites. Photo by Adam Khalife
Side view of thorax of brachypterous queen in C. hispanica. Photo by Adam Khalife
Dissection of thorax of brachypterous queen in C. hispanica, showing absence of wing muscles and phragma. Photo by Adam Khalife


Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • hispanica. Myrmecocystus viaticus subsp. hispanica Emery, 1906d: 57 (w.) SPAIN. Tinaut, 1991: 218 (q.m.). [First available use of Myrmecocystus viaticus r. niger var. hispanica Forel, 1903c: 267; unavailable name.] Combination in Cataglyphis: Santschi, 1919e: 246; in C. (Monocombus): Santschi, 1929b: 29. Senior synonym of nigroides: Tinaut, 1991: 220.
  • nigroides. Cataglyphis (Monocombus) hispanica var. nigroides Santschi, 1929b: 59 (diagnosis in key) (w.) PORTUGAL. [First available use of Cataglyphis viaticus st. hispanicus var. nigroides Santschi, 1925g: 346; unavailable name.] Junior synonym of hispanica: Tinaut: 1991: 220.

Description

References

  • Goncalves, F., V. Zina, C. Carlos, L. Crespo, I. Oliveira, and L. Torres. 2017. Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and Spiders (Araneae) Co-occurring in the Ground of Vineyards from Douro Demarcated Region. Sociobiology. 64:404-416. doi:10.13102/sociobiology.v64i4.1934
  • Peeters C & Aron S. 2017. Evolutionary reduction of female dispersal in Cataglyphis desert ants. Biol. J. Linnean Soc. 122: 58–70. doi: 10.1093/biolinnean/blx052