Colobopsis conithorax

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Colobopsis conithorax
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Colobopsis
Species: C. conithorax
Binomial name
Colobopsis conithorax
(Emery, 1914)

Camponotus conithorax casent0106008 p 1 high.jpg

Camponotus conithorax casent0106008 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

B.P.M. Hyland collected specimens nesting in a hollow twig of Endospermum at Bamaga, Queensland.

Identification

A member of the Camponotus macrocephalus species-group. This group has the following characters:

  • Fore femurs swollen, much greater in diameter than middle and hind femurs, generally more swollen than in most other Camponotus species.
  • Spines or bristles on the lower surfaces of the tibiae lacking, or at most, only one or two (most Camponotus species possess two rows of 5 to 10 spines).
  • Major workers and queens with the anterior of the head is truncated and flattened (phragmotic).
  • Major and minor workers present, but not intermediate-sized workers (worker caste dimorphic).

Within this group, this species can be diangosed as follows:

Propodeum appears conical when viewed from side, upper and posterior surfaces straight and separated by an angle just greater than 90°. Scapes and tibiae with plentiful short fine setae, raised to an angle of about 10°. Very few erect setae on the outer surface of the head and none on the under side.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia.
Indo-Australian Region: New Guinea, Vanuatu (type locality).

Distribution based on specimens

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The above specimen data are provided by AntWeb. Please see Colobopsis conithorax for further details


Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • conithorax. Camponotus (Colobopsis) conithorax Emery, 1914f: 430, pl. 13, fig. 18 (w.q.m.) VANUATU. Combination in C. (Myrmotemnus): Emery, 1920b: 258; in C. (Colobopsis): Emery, 1925b: 148. Combination in Colobopsis: Ward, et al., 2016: 350. See also: McArthur & Shattuck, 2001: 30.

Type Material

Description

Major worker

In lateral view. Pronotum, anterior mesonotum, limbs and gaster brown, posterior mesonotum, propodeum and node darker brown, nearly black. Head: Dark brown, lighter in front; side glossy, smoothly reticulate with very sparse flatlying short setae; scape dark brown like posterior head; funiculus lighter like anterior head; vertex with one or two erect setae; underside of head without erect setae, with few very short adpressed setae. Pronotum: Glossy, flatly convex, dorsum with one or two long setae, without pubescence. Mesonotum: Glossy, evenly convex without setae or pubescence. Metanotum: Separated from mesonotum and propodeum by deep transverse cuts raised up in centre; spiracles placed well below dorsum, slightly protruding upward. Propodeum: Posterior dorsum inclined upward, conical, glossy, with few short adpressed setae; angle approximately 90°, sharply rounded; declivity mostly straight; ratio dorsum/declivity approximately 1; spiracle protruding to rear, surrounded by glossy integument with a few short indistinct Flat-lying setae. Node: Glossy with sparse flat-lying and sparse erect, short setae; anterior face convex above; summit blunt; posterior face straight. Gaster: Dark brown, lighter posteriorly; glossy. Fore femur: Swollen. Mid tibia: Plentiful short, decumbent setae, without bristles inside. In dorsal view. Head: Sides straight, parallel; vertex straight; scape with sparse, short Flat-lying setae; frontal carinae wide, diverging strongly then converging slightly at posterior; frontal area diamond shaped with an anterior pit; max HW at eye centre. Truncation: Near posterior clypeus. Clypeus: Sides mostly parallel, long, diverging anteriorly, with few feeble striations and punctations, without furrows, glossy, with few very sparse, flat-lying setae, anterior margin projecting, mostly straight with weak median concavity, with few long setae; without carina. In front or rear view. Node: Narrow, summit straight with few short setae.

Minor worker

In lateral view. Pronotum, anterior mesonotum and gaster brown; posterior mesonotum, propodeum and node darker brown, limbs a little lighter coloured than mesosoma. Head: Dark brown, grading to yellowish brown anteriorly; side with sparse flat-lying short setae; glossy, smoothly reticulate; scape dark brown, like posterior head; funiculus lighter, like anterior head, vertex with sparse, short, flat-lying setae; underside of head without erect setae, with few very short, adpressed setae. Pronotum: Anterior third convex, otherwise straight without setae or pubescence. Mesonotum: Evenly flatly convex, dorsum without setae or pubescence. Metanotum: Separated from mesonotum and propodeum by deep transverse cuts, raised in the centre; spiracles placed well below dorsum, slightly protruding up. Propodeum: Dark brown with few short adpressed setae; dorsum slightly convex, slightly inclined upward; angle blunt 90'; declivity very straight; ratio dorsum/ declivity near 1; spiracle protruding to rear surrounded by glossy integument with few short, sparse setae. Node: Glossy with few very short, erect setae; petiole with ventral protuberance; lower half of anterior face of node straight, otherwise convex; summit blunt; posterior face mostly straight. Gaster: Glossy. Fore femur: Swollen. Mid tibia: With short decumbent setae, lacking bristles inside. In dorsal view. Head: Sides flatly convex, tapering to front; vertex convex; scape with sparse, short, flat-lying setae; frontal carinae wide, nearly parallel; frontal area diamond shaped, indistinct; max HW at eye centre. Clypeus: Glossy with few sparse flat-lying and erect setae, without canna; anterior margin wide, mostly straight, projecting but not beyond cheeks. In front or rear view. Node: Narrow, summit rounded with few erect long setae.

Measurements

HW 1.5-2.1 mm, HL 1.6-2.3 mm, PW 1.1-1.3 mm, FIT 1.2-1.6 mm, EL 0.4-0.5 mm,TL 1.6-1.9 mm.

References