Condylodon audouini

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Condylodon audouini
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: uncertain
Genus: Condylodon
Species: C. audouini
Binomial name
Condylodon audouini
Lund, 1831

This taxon is considered to be unidentifiable and is incertae sedis in Formicidae.

The type material of this species is apparently lost and its taxonomic identity is uncertain. The species was placed in the family Mutillidae by Swainson & Shuckard (1840), treated as a junior synonym of Pseudomyrmex by Dalla Torre (1893), dubiously placed in Ponerinae by Emery (1921), excluded from the Pseudomyrmecinae and suggested as belonging to Ectatomma by Ward (1990), considered as incertae sedis in Ponerinae by Bolton (1994), and finally as incertae sedis in Formicidae by Bolton (2003). Until type material is located or a neotype designed the identity of this taxon will remain little more than speculation.

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • audouini. Condylodon audouini Lund, 1831a: 132 (w.) BRAZIL. Member of family Mutillidae?: Swainson & Shuckard, 1840: 173; combination in Pseudomyrma: Dalla Torre, 1893: 56; member of subfamily Ponerinae?: Emery, 1921f: 28 (footnote); incertae sedis in Ponerinae: Ward, 1990: 471. Unidentifiable taxon, incertae sedis in Formicidae: Bolton, 2003: 263.

Description

A cote des Poneres viendra se placer un nouveau genre (Condylodon, N.) qui s'en rapproche par l'etranglement qui separe le second anneau de l'abdomen du troisieme, ainsi que par la presence d'un aiguillon, mais qui presente d'un autre cote assez de caracteres importans pour qu'on doive l'en separer. Il ne se compose encore que d'une espece (C. Audouini ,N. (1)) dont je n'ai trouve qu'un seul individu, courant sur les feuilles, ce qui me porte a croire que l'espece doit etre tres-rare et ne pas vivre en societe.

Translation: Next to the Poneres a new genus (Condylodon, N.) will be placed nearer by the strangulation which separates the second ring from the abdomen of the third, as well as by the presence of a sting, but which presents On the other hand, there are enough important characteristics to be separated from it. It is still composed of only one species (C. Audouini, N.), of which I have found only one individual, running on the leaves, which leads me to believe that the species must be Very rare and not to live in society.

References

  • Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 56, Combination in Pseudomyrma)
  • Emery, C. 1921c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174A:1-94 94: 1-94 + 7 (page 28, Member of subfamily Ponerinae? (footnote))
  • Lund, A. W. 1831a. Lettre sur les habitudes de quelques fourmis du Brésil, adressée à M. Audouin. Ann. Sci. Nat. 23: 113-138 (page 132, worker described)
  • Swainson W.; Shuckard, W. E. 1840. On the history and natural arrangement of insects. London: Longman, Brown, Green & Longman's, 406 pp. (page 173, Member of family Mutilidae?)
  • Ward, P. S. 1990. The ant subfamily Pseudomyrmecinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): generic revision and relationship to other formicids. Syst. Entomol. 15: 449-489 (page 471, incertae sedis in Ponerinae)