Crematogaster lineolata

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Crematogaster lineolata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Crematogaster
Species: C. lineolata
Binomial name
Crematogaster lineolata
(Say, 1836)

Crematogaster lineolata casent0103781 profile 1.jpg

Crematogaster lineolata casent0103781 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Synonyms

Nests under logs and in stumps. Their diet includes dead insects and liquids collected from tended Homoptera, with a decided preference for those kept on plant roots. Crematogaster lineolata is aggressive and can have an annoying bite. (Mackay and Mackay 2002)

Photo Gallery

  • Nest under rotting branch on ground in open white oak woodland - Lincoln Co., Missouri, United States. Photo by James Trager.

Identification

The workers of this species have numerous hairs on the pronotum, at least two on the mesonotum and usually at least two on the propodeum or propodeal spines. The side of the mesosoma is roughly sculptured with striae and punctures, most surfaces are dull, although the central region of the side of the pronotum may be weakly shining (but still is sculptured). The top of the mesosoma is roughly sculptured with striae/rugae and scattered punctures. The sides or the head are roughly sculptured with striae and scattered punctures, the central region is partially smooth, although is only moderately shining. (Mackay and Mackay 2002)

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Eastern United States, west to Colorado and Texas, south into Mexico.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Nearctic Region: United States (type locality).
Neotropical Region: Mexico.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Habitat

Oak woodland, deciduous forest and grasslands.

Biology

Castes

Worker

Queen

Male

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • lineolata. Myrmica lineolata Say, 1836: 290 (w.q.m.) U.S.A.Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1952b: 250 (l.).
    • Combination in Atta: Mayr, 1863: 396;
    • combination in Crematogaster: Roger, 1863b: 37;
    • combination in C. (Acrocoelia): Emery, 1922e: 141;
    • combination in C. (Crematogaster): Buren, 1968b: 93.
    • Status as species: Roger, 1863b: 37; Mayr, 1863: 396; Mayr, 1866b: 901 (redescription); McCook, 1880: 187; Mayr, 1886d: 462; Dalla Torre, 1893: 83; Emery, 1895c: 281; Wheeler, W.M. 1904e: 301; Wheeler, W.M. 1906b: 3; Wheeler, W.M. 1908e: 479; Wheeler, W.M. 1916m: 585; Wheeler, W.M. 1919g: 111; Emery, 1922e: 141; Brown, 1949a: 48; Creighton, 1950a: 210; Buren, 1968b: 93 (in key); Smith, D.R. 1979: 1379; Johnson, C. 1988: 319 (redescription); Bolton, 1995b: 156; Mackay & Mackay, 2002: 95; Coovert, 2005: 61; Ellison, et al. 2012: 239.
    • Senior synonym of columbiana, marylandica, novaeboracensis: Mayr, 1886d: 462.
    • Senior synonym of columbiana: Morgan & Mackay, 2017: 221.
    • Senior synonym of lutescens: Creighton, 1950a: 213.
    • Senior synonym of subopaca: Johnson, C. 1988: 319, 320.
    • Material of the unavailable name wheldeni referred here by Brown, 1949a: 48.
  • columbiana. Myrmica (Monomorium) columbiana Buckley, 1867: 340 (w.q.) U.S.A.
    • Combination in Crematogaster: Mayr, 1886d: 462.
    • Junior synonym of lineolata: Mayr, 1886d: 462; Morgan & Mackay, 2017: 221.
    • Unidentifiable to species: Wheeler, W.M. 1902f: 27.
  • marylandica. Myrmica (Monomorium) marylandica Buckley, 1867: 339 (w.) U.S.A.
    • Junior synonym of lineolata: Mayr, 1886d: 462.
  • novaeboracensis. Myrmica novaeboracensis Buckley, 1867: 337 (q.) U.S.A.
    • Junior synonym of lineolata: Mayr, 1886d: 462.
  • subopaca. Crematogaster lineolata var. subopaca Emery, 1895c: 283 (w.q.m.) U.S.A.
    • Wheeler, G.C, & Wheeler, J. 1952b: 252 (l.).
    • Combination in C. (Acrocoelia): Emery, 1922e: 141.
    • Subspecies of lineolata: Creighton, 1950a: 214; Gregg, 1963: 360.
    • Junior synonym of punctulata: Buren, in Smith, M.R. 1958c: 127; Smith, D.R. 1979: 1380.
    • Junior synonym of lineolata: Johnson, C. 1988: 320.
  • texana. Crematogaster (Acrocoelia) opaca var. texana Santschi, 1929f: 91 (w.) U.S.A.
    • Junior synonym of punctulata: Creighton, 1950a: 214.

Description

References

  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1949a. Synonymic and other notes on Formicidae (Hymenoptera). Psyche (Camb.) 56: 41-49 (page 48, Material of the unavailable name wheldeni referred here.)
  • Buren, W. F. 1968b. A review of the species of Crematogaster, sensu stricto, in North America (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Part II. Descriptions of new species. J. Ga. Entomol. Soc. 3: 91-121 (page 93, Combination in C. (Crematogaster))
  • Creighton, W. S. 1950a. The ants of North America. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 104: 1-585 (page 213, Senior synonym of lutescens)
  • Emery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B: 95-206 (page 141, Combination in C. (Acrocoelia))
  • Johnson, C. 1988. Species identification in the eastern Crematogaster (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). J. Entomol. Sci. 23: 314-332 (page 320, Senior synonym of subopaca, punctulata (and its junior synonym texana))
  • Mackay, W.P. & Mackay, E.E. 2002. The Ants of New Mexico: 400 pp. Edwin Mellen Press, Lewiston, N.Y.
  • Mayr, G. 1886d. Die Formiciden der Vereinigten Staaten von Nordamerika. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 36: 419-464 (page 462, Senior synonym of columbiana, marylandica, and novaeboracensis)
  • Morgan, C.E., Mackay, W.P. 2017. The North American Acrobat Ants of the hyperdiverse genus Crematogaster (Hymneoptera: Formicidae). Lambert Academic Publishing (PDF version, 532 pp.)
  • Roger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berl. Entomol. Z. 7(B Beilage: 1-65 (page 37, Combination in Crematogaster)
  • Say, T. 1836. Descriptions of new species of North American Hymenoptera, and observations on some already described. Boston J. Nat. Hist. 1: 209-305 (page 290, worker, queen, male described)
  • Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1952b. The ant larvae of the myrmicine tribe Crematogastrini. J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 42: 248-262 (page 250, larva described)