Crematogaster monteverdensis

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Crematogaster monteverdensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Crematogaster
Species: C. monteverdensis
Binomial name
Crematogaster monteverdensis
Longino, 2003

Crematogaster monteverdensis jtlc000001403 p 1 high.jpg

Crematogaster monteverdensis jtlc000001403 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Longino (2003) - Crematogaster monteverdensis inhabits moist forest areas in the Monteverde community area in the Cordillera de Tilarán and at a similar elevation on Cerro Cacao in the Cordillera de Guanacaste. I first encountered the species in Monteverde, where I observed workers and the small, dealate queens foraging together on the outside walls of a house. Subsequent collections were from nests in dead branches, either in recent treefalls or on the ground. These collections were generally located at pasture/forest edges. Nests were polygynous, with multiple dealate queens. Workers could be recruited to baits of mixed honey and solid vegetable oil. I have never seen alate queens, and one nest collection contained small apterous males similar to Wheeler's description of the males of Crematogaster atitlanica (Wheeler 1936, see under sumichrasti).


Longino (2003) - The two closely related species monteverdensis and Crematogaster sumichrasti are uniquely characterized by the combination of yellow coloration, relatively long, upturned propodeal spines, and long flexuous posterolateral mesonotal setae that are subequal in length to humeral setae. The only difference is that Crematogaster sumichrasti has one or two extremely long setae on the tibiae.

I identified monteverdensis specimens first as sumichrasti until I discovered the consistent differences in tibial pilosity and promesonotal profile. Crematogaster sumichrasti seems to have a microparapatric distribution with monteverdensis, because typical sumichrasti occur just downslope from Monteverde, at 700m elevation on the road down to the PanAmerican Highway.

Keys including this Species


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Costa Rica (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb





The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • monteverdensis. Crematogaster monteverdensis Longino, 2003a: 89 (w.q.) COSTA RICA.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



Holotype: HL 0.702, HW 0.739, HC 0.685, SL 0.584, EL 0.192, WL 0.777, SPL 0.145, PTH 0.178, PTL 0.239, PTW 0.210, PPL 0.183, PPW 0.228, CI 105, OI 27, SI 83, PTHI 74, PTWI 88, PPI 125, SPI 19.

Other specimens: HL 0.726, 0.639, 0.718; HW 0.799, 0.686, 0.772; HC 0.732, 0.636, 0.699; SL 0.605, 0.554, 0.601; EL 0.199, 0.182, 0.208; A11L 0.248; A11W 0.135; A10L 0.114; A10W 0.119; A09L 0.076; A09W 0.093; A08L 0.057; A08W 0.074; WL 0.840, 0.719, 0.832; SPL 0.145, 0.134, 0.156; PTH 0.195, 0.184, 0.181; PTL 0.249, 0.222, 0.228; PTW 0.220, 0.206, 0.224; PPL 0.180, 0.151, 0.176; PPW 0.246, 0.220, 0.235; CI 110, 107, 108; OI 27, 28, 29; SI 83, 87, 84; PTHI 78, 83, 79; PTWI 88, 93, 98; PPI 137, 146, 134; SPI 17, 19, 19; ACI 0.24.

Differing from sumichrasti in the following respects: tibiae with abundant suberect setae, but more uniform in length and none longer than maximum width of tibia (sumichrasti has one or more long macrosetae, subequal in length to twice maximum tibia width); pronotal dorsum with stronger longitudinal carinulae; dorsal and posterior faces of mesonotum meeting at an angle but angle less strongly produced, not tuberculate; dorsal pilosity generally shorter.


A normal queen (dorsal face of propodeum drops steeply from postscutellum and much of propodeum appears ventral to scutellum and postscutellum) with general shape, sculpture, and pilosity characters of the worker; size characters as in Figures.

Type Material

Holotype worker. Costa Rica, Prov. Guanacaste, 3km N Santa Elena, 1500m, 10°20'N, 84°50'W, 26 Jun 1991 (Longino, collection code JTL2938) Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad, specimen code JTLC000001403.

Paratypes. One dealate queen, same data as holotype INBC, specimen code JTLC000001404; worker and queen, same data The Natural History Museum, specimen code JTLC000001405; worker and queen, same data Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History, specimen code JTLC000001406; worker and queen, same data Museum of Comparative Zoology, specimen code JTLC000001407; worker and queen, same data Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève, specimen code JTLC000001408; worker and queen, same data Naturhistorisches Museum, Basel, specimen code JTLC000001409; worker and queen, same data National Museum of Natural History, specimen code JTLC000001410; worker and queen, same data University of California, Davis, specimen code JTLC000001411.


This species is named after its type locality.


  • Longino, J. T. 2003a. The Crematogaster (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) of Costa Rica. Zootaxa 151: 1-150 (page 89, worker, queen described)