Crematogaster sewellii

AntWiki - Where Ant Biologists Share Their Knowledge
Jump to: navigation, search
Crematogaster sewellii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Crematogaster
Species: C. sewellii
Binomial name
Crematogaster sewellii
Forel, 1891

Crematogaster sewellii casent0101599 profile 1.jpg

Crematogaster sewellii casent0101599 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Subspecies

Crematogaster sewellii is commonly found in high-altitude grassland, savannah and woodland habitat in the central and south-central highland region (800-1500 m), and at lower elevations (160-600 m) in the Makay massif and the RF Beanka in western Madagascar. The species often co-occurs with Crematogaster mafybe and Crematogaster degeeri, and otherwise with all other species of the C. degeeri-assemblage except Crematogaster malahelo. This species appears to nest exclusively on the ground, either in the soil or under stones. (Blaimer and Fisher 2013)

Identification

A member of the Crematogaster degeeri group. Blaimer and Fisher (2013) - Crematogaster sewellii can be identified with the following unique combination of characters: very large eyes (OI 0.24-0.29), antennal scapes usually long (SI 0.77-0.87) and surpassing head margin, propodeal spines reduced to small denticles, and distinct bicoloration with head and thorax yellowish to dark orange and metasoma with abdominal segments four to seven black.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Comoros.

Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Additional images of workers can be found here

Queen

Male

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • sewellii. Crematogaster inermis r. sewellii Forel, 1891b: 196, pl. 6, fig. 9 (w.) MADAGASCAR. Combination in C. (Crematogaster): Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 844; in C. (Acrocoelia): Emery, 1922e: 148; in C. (Crematogaster): Bolton, 1995b: 166. Raised to species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 86; Mayr, 1895: 138; Emery, 1895f: 342. Current subspecies: nominal plus acis, marnoi.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Blaimer and Fisher (2013):

Worker

(n = 20) HW 0.72-0.99; HL 0.66-0.89; EL 0.18-0.23; SL 0.56-0.70; WL 0.75-1.01; SPL 0.01-0.04; PTH 0.15-0.21; PTL 0.20-0.28; PTW 0.24-0.33; PPL 0.12-0.19; PPW 0.22-0.29; LHT 0.54-0.73; CI 1.08- 1.13; OI 0.24-0.29; SI 0.77-0.87; SPI 0. 01-0.05; PTHI 0.68-0.87; PTWI 1.07-1.32; PPI 1.54-1.92; LBI 1.30-1.45.

Masticatory margin of mandibles with four teeth; head shape fairly quadrate or slightly wider than long (CI 1.08-1.13); posterior margin of head in full-face view laterally subangular or rounded, often slightly medially depressed; occipital carinae distinct; antennal scapes usually reaching or surpassing head margin; midline of eyes situated distinctly above midline of head in full-face view; eyes large (OI 0.24-0.29) and strongly protruding. Pronotum laterally angular; promesonotal suture indistinct; mesonotum usually forming a flat plane with respect to pronotum; mesonotum usually with a short posterior face; mesonotum angular laterally, posterior face carinate, distinctly set off from propodeum; posterior face of mesonotum sloping steeply into metanotal groove; metanotal groove fairly shallow, laterally constricted and bordered by carinae; propodeal spines reduced to small denticles (SPI 0.01-0.05); dorsal face of propodeum short, but distinct; posterior face of propodeum gently sloping; petiole in dorsal view broadly oval, dorsolaterally rounded, without posterolateral tubercules or denticles; subpetiolar process variable; postpetiole bilobed with a broad median impression; subpostpetiolar process absent. Head sculpture aciculate; mesosoma, petiole, helcium and postpetiole reticulate; face usually with six to eight erect longer setae, and regular shorter, appressed pubescence; erect pilosity on promesonotum abundant, usually > ten setae; otherwise promesonotum dorsally with regular appressed to subdecumbent pubescence; propodeum laterally with two to four erect setae; petiole and postpetiole usually with a pair of long, erect setae posterolaterally, and shorter appressed pubescence; abdominal tergites and sternites four to seven with abundant short erect pilosity, and regular appressed to decumbent pubescence throughout. More or less bicolored: head, mesosoma, petiole and postpetiole reddish-orange to yellow, rest of metasoma black.

Queen

(n = 1) HW 1.25; HL 1.18; EL 0.40; SL 0.80; MSNW 1.13; MSNL 1.08; WL 1.97; SPL 0.00; PTH 0.33; PTL 0.42; PTW 0.47; PPL 0.30; PPW 0.47; LHT 0.93; CI 1.06; OI 0.34; SI 0.68; MSNI 1.04; SPI 0.00; PTHI 0.79; PTWI 1.14; PPI 1.59; LBI 2.12.

Small size (HW 1.25, WL 1.97). With worker characters, except as follows. Masticatory margin of mandibles with five teeth; antennal scapes surpassing level of lateral ocelli; eyes large (OI 0.34), situated at midline of head in full-face view; head shape square (CI 1.06); posterior margin straight. Mesoscutum in dorsal view as wide as long (MSNI 1.04); dorsal face of propodeum long and set off at right angle to posterior face; propodeal spines or tubercules absent; petiole moderately flared, postpetiole merely impressed behind; subpetiolar process variable. Sculpture aciculate throughout; face with eight longer erect setae (n = 1!) and abundant shorter erect to suberect pilosity; mesonotum with abundant short and scattered longer erect setae; petiole and postpetiole with dense short suberect pilosity, and postpetiole with additional longer dorso-posterior setae; abdominal tergites and sternites four to seven with abundant erect pilosity and appressed pubescence. Color as in workers; wings clear.

Male

(n = 1) HW 0.57; HL 0.46; EL 0.22; SL 0.11; MSNW 0.69; MSNL 0.61; WL 1.24; SPL 0.00; PTH 0.17; PTL 0.22; PTW 0.22; PPL 0.14; PPW 0.24; LHT 0.60; CI 1.23; OI 0.47; SI 0.24; MSNI 1.14; SPI 0.00; PTHI 0.77; PTWI 0.99; PPI 1.64; LBI 2.07.

Small (HW 0.57, WL 1.24). Mandibles very short and reduced, blunt and edentate; clypeus fairly flat; eyes fairly large (OI 0.47) and protruding, midline of eyes situated well below midline of head, almost extending to clypeal margin; antennae 12-segmented; head wider than long (CI 1.23); in full-face view ocellar triangle situated at posterior head margin and elevated with respect to rest of face; occipital carinae distinct. Mesoscutum in dorsal view as wide as long (MSNI 1.14), scutellum in dorsal view broadly tapering from anterior to posterior end, dorsoposterior part rounded; metanotum not protruding from below scutellum; dorsal face of propodeum almost as long as posterior face; propodeal spines absent; petiole in dorsal view oval, laterally rounded, in lateral view anteriorly greatly tapering; subpetiolar process absent; postpetiole fairly flat and short, lacking median impression. Head sculpture reticulate; mesoscutum with very fine longitudinal carinulae; otherwise sculpture more or less shiny to aciculate; regular appressed to decumbent pubescence, and a few longer setae on face, mesoscutum, and scutellum; remaining pilosity as in queen. Color brown.

Type Material

Description

References

  • Blaimer, B.B. & Fisher, B.L. 2013. Taxonomy of the Crematogaster degeeri-species-assemblage in the Malagasy region (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). European Journal of Taxonomy 51: 1-64 (DOI 10.5852/ejt.2013.51).
  • Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 86, Raised to species.)
  • Emery, C. 1895g. Mission scientifique de M. Ch. Alluaud dans le territoire de Diego-Suarez (Madagascar-nord) (Avril-août 1893). Formicides. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 39: 336-345 (page 342, Raised to species)
  • Emery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B: 95-206 (page 148, Combination in C. (Acrocoelia))
  • Forel, A. 1891c. Les Formicides. [part]. In: Grandidier, A. Histoire physique, naturelle, et politique de Madagascar. Volume XX. Histoire naturelle des Hyménoptères. Deuxième partie (28e fascicule). Paris: Hachette et Cie, v + 237 pp. (page 196, pl. 6, fig. 9 worker described)
  • Mayr, G. 1895. Afrikanische Formiciden. Ann. K-K. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 10: 124-154 (page 138, raised to species)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1922k. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. IX. A synonymic list of the ants of the Malagasy region. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 4 45: 1005-1055 (page 844, Combination in C. (Crematogaster))