| Cryptopone holmgreni|
(Wheeler, W.M., 1925)
Little is known about the biology of this species.
Mackay and Mackay (2010): The worker of C. holmgreni is nearly identical to that of Cryptopone gilva. It differs in having larger mandibles with more teeth, having a tooth on the medial border of the clypeus, not having a slightly depressed dorsal propodeal face as compared to the level of the mesonotum and lacking the translucent anterior half the subpetiolar process. Pachycondyla holmgreni can be separated from Cryptopone mirabilis by having most surfaces dull or only weakly shining, not smooth and glossy as in C. holmgreni.
PERÚ, TRINIDAD, GUIANAS, BRASIL (Mackay and Mackay 2010)
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on specimens
This species has been collected in mature montane rainforest, between 550 - 650 meters. (Mackay and Mackay 2010)
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- holmgreni. Euponera (Trachymesopus) holmgreni Wheeler, W.M. 1925a: 6 (w.) PERU. Combination in Trachymesopus: Kempf, 1960f: 424; in Pachycondyla: Brown, in Bolton, 1995b: 306; in Cryptopone: Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014: 185. See also: Kempf, 1961b: 494; Mackay & Mackay, 2010: 390.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
Mackay and Mackay (2010): The worker is a small (4.5 mm total length) pale brown specimen. The mandible apparently has seven teeth (four basalmost teeth and an apical tooth well defined, the other two located between the four basal teeth and apical tooth and are poorly defined). The mandible has a depressed region near the base followed by a short (0.1 mm) furrow. The anterior border of the clypeus is slightly concave medially with a small raised medial tooth along a poorly defined longitudinal carina. The head length is 0.92 mm; the head width is 0.89 mm. The head is narrowed anteriorly and the posterior margin is concave. The eye is apparently absent. The scape (0.58 mm) extends to within the first two funicular segments of the posterior lateral corner of the head. The dorsum of the mesosoma is nearly straight and the metanotal suture is poorly developed. The pronotal shoulder is without a carina.
The propodeal spiracle is circular-shaped. The petiole is thickened when viewed in profile. The anterior face is 0.28 mm in length, the dorsal face is 0.23 mm in length and the posterior face is 0.16 mm in length. The anterior face is nearly vertical, the dorsal and posterior faces form a broadly rounded surface. The sub-petiolar process consists of a swollen nearly angulate anterior process, which gradually diminishes in width posteriorly. The second pretergite is not visible.
The clypeus has several moderately long (up to 0.24 mm in length) erect hairs. The dorsal surface of the head is covered by an abundance of bristly short (0.06 mm in length) erect hairs. The ventral surface of the head has a few long (0.08 - 0.28 mm) erect hairs. The dorsum of the mesosoma has several erect hairs (0.06 - 0.12 mm). The hairs on the dorsum of the petiole, on the subpetiolar process and all surfaces of the gaster are similar to those on the mesosoma. The legs have a few erect hairs. The middle tibia has a number of coarse setae on the extensor surface.
The mandibles are smooth and glossy with scattered punctures. The head and mesosoma are very finely but densely punctate and dull. The sculpture on the petiole and gaster is finer and the surfaces are moderately smooth and shining.
Perú . Holotype worker seen, designator unknown, Museum of Comparative Zoology, 2 specimens were listed in description (Mackay and Mackay 2010)
This species is named in honor of Mr. N. Holmgren, who collected the type series. (Mackay and Mackay 2010)
- Brown, W. L., Jr. 1995a. [Untitled. Taxonomic changes in Pachycondyla attributed to Brown.] Pp. 302-311 in: Bolton, B. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 306, Combination in Pachycondyla)
- Kempf, W. W. 1960f. Miscellaneous studies on Neotropical ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Stud. Entomol. (n.s.) 3: 417-466 (page 424, Combination in Trachymesopus)
- Kempf, W. W. 1961b. A survey of the ants of the soil fauna in Surinam (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Stud. Entomol. 4: 481-524 (page 494, see also)
- Mackay, W. P., and E. E. Mackay 2010. The Systematics and Biology of the New World Ants of the Genus Pachycondyla (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Edwin Mellon Press, Lewiston. Information from this publication is used with permission from the authors.
- Schmidt, C.A. & Shattuck, S.O. 2014. The higher classification of the ant subfamily Ponerinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), with a review of ponerine ecology and behavior. Zootaxa. 3817, 1–242 (doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3817.1.1)
- Wheeler, W. M. 1925. Neotropical ants in the collections of the Royal Museum of Stockholm, Part 1. Arkiv för Zoologi 17:1-55.