Ctenobethylus

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Ctenobethylus
Temporal range: Bartonian, Middle to Late Eocene
Baltic amber, Baltic Sea region
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dolichoderinae
Tribe: Tapinomini
Genus: Ctenobethylus
Brues, 1939
Type species
Ctenobethylus succinalis (junior synonym of Ctenobethylus goepperti)
Diversity
1 fossil species
(Species Checklist)

Identification

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • CTENOBETHYLUS [Dolichoderinae: Tapinomini]
    • Ctenobethylus Brues, 1939: 261 [as member of family Bethylidae]. Type-species: †Ctenobethylus succinalis (junior synonym of Hypoclinea goepperti), by original designation.
    • Ctenobethylus junior synonym of Iridomyrmex: Brown, 1977: 213.
    • Ctenobethylus junior synonym of Liometopum: Shattuck, 1992c: 121.
    • Ctenobethylus revived status as genus: Dlussky, 1997: 58.


References

  • Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. (page 26, Ctenobethylus as junior synonym of Liometopum)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 84, Ctenobethylus in Dolichoderinae, Dolichoderini)
  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1977 [1976]. Ctenobethylus (Bethylidae) a new synonym of Iridomyrmex (Formicidae, Hymenoptera). Psyche (Camb.) 83: 213-215 (page 213, Ctenobethylus in Formicidae; Junior synonym of Iridomyrmex)
  • Brues, C. T. 1939. New Oligocene Braconidae and Bethylidae from Baltic amber. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 32: 251-263 (page 261, Ctenobethylus in Bethylidae; Ctenobethylus as genus)
  • Dlussky, G. M. 1997a. Genera of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Baltic amber. Paleontol. Zh. 6: 50-62 (page 58, Ctenobethylus revived status as genus)
  • Dlussky, G. M. 1997b. Genera of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Baltic amber. Paleontol. Zh. 31: 616-627 (page 623, Ctenobethylus as genus)
  • Dubovikoff, D.A. 2005. The system of taxon Bothriomyrmex Emery, 1869 sensu lato (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and relatives genera. Kavkazskii Entomologicheskii Byulleten 1(1): 89-94 (page 91, Combination in Iridomyrmecini)
  • Hölldobler, B.; Wilson, E. O. 1990. The ants. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, xii + 732 pp. (page 17, Ctenobethylus in Formicidae; Junior synonym of Iridomyrmex)
  • Shattuck, S. O. 1992c. Generic revision of the ant subfamily Dolichoderinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology 21: 1-181 (page 121, Ctenobethylus as junior synonym of Liometopum)