Cyphoidris

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Cyphoidris
Cyphoidris spinosa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Cyphoidris
Weber, 1952
Type species
Cyphoidris spinosa
Diversity
4 species
(Species Checklist)

Cyphoidris spinosa casent0178293 profile 1.jpg

Cyphoidris spinosa

Cyphoidris spinosa casent0178293 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen Label

Of the known species of Cyphoidris, Cyphoidris exalta and Cyphoidris spinosa are of Central African origin and inhabit the leaf litter layer; Cyphoidris parissa originates in West Africa, and Cyphoidris werneri is the only known East African representative of the genus. All of these species have been found in the leaf litter but details about their biology are not known.

Identification

An easily defined genus, Cyphoidris is the only African representative of a group of genera centring on Lordomyrma, most of which have an Indo-Australian or Neotropic distribution. Cyphoidris is close to Lordomyrma itself but differs as the latter has 12-segmented antennae, a reduced palpomere count, and has the propodeal spiracle set well forward from the margin of the declivity. (Bolton 1981)

Keys to Species in this Genus

Distribution

World distribution based on political regions. View/Edit Data
Cyphoidris Distribution.png Worlddistribution legend.jpg

Species richness

Species richness by country based on regional taxon lists (countries with darker colours are more species-rich). View Data

Cyphoidris Species Richness.png

Biology

Castes

Morphology

Worker Morphology

 • Antennal segment count 11 • Antennal club 3 • Palp formula 4,3 • Total dental count 9-12 • Spur formula 0, 0 • Sting present

Male Morphology

 • Antennal segment count 10 • Antennal club 0 • Palp formula 4,3 • Total dental count 7 • Spur formula 0, 0

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • CYPHOIDRIS [Myrmicinae: Stenammini]
    • Cyphoidris Weber, 1952: 26. Type-species: Cyphoidris spinosa, by original designation.
  • CYPHOMANNIA [junior synonym of Cyphomyrmex]
    • Cyphomannia Weber, 1938b: 183 [as subgenus of Cyphomyrmex]. Type-species: Cyphomyrmex (Cyphomannia) laevigatus, by original designation.
    • Cyphomannia subgenus of Cyphomyrmex: Weber, 1938b: 183; Weber, 1966: 166.
    • Cyphomannia junior synonym of Cyphomyrmex: Kempf, 1962b: 29; Kempf, 1972a: 92.

Worker

Bolton (1981) - Monomorphic myrmicine ants. Mandibles triangular with an elongate apical (masticatory) margin bearing 10-14 small teeth or denticles which decrease in size from apex to base. Palp formula 4, 3. Median portion of clypeus narrow and raised, bicarinate above and narrowly inserted between the frontal lobes. Lateral portions of clypeus unmodified, not forming a shield-wall or raised ridge in front of the antennal insertions. Frontal lobes not strongly expanded but covering the antennal insertions, prolonged posteriorly as a pair of strongly developed frontal carinae which form the dorsal margins of a pair of strong and conspicuous broad scrobes; the scrobes run back almost to the occiput. Ventral margin of scrobe a longitudinal ridge or ruga running above the eye, the latter of moderate size and situated in front of the midlength of the sides. Antennae II-segmented, with a conspicuous 3-segmented club apically. Alitrunk in profile with promesonotum fused and swollen, the dorsum dome-like and strongly convex in outline, much elevated above the level of the propodeum. Propodeum bispinose; the spiracle close to the margin of the declivity, the orifice circular and directed posteriorly. Metapleural lobes low and triangular. Petiole with an elongate anterior peduncle and well developed node. Sting terminating in a narrow spatulate appendage apically.

References

  • Bolton, B. 1981. A revision of six minor genera of Myrmicinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the Ethiopian zoogeographical region. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Entomology. 43:245-307. PDF (page 257, Cyphoidris valid genus, and revision of genus)
  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1973b. A comparison of the Hylean and Congo-West African rain forest ant faunas. Pp. 161-185 in: Meggers, B. J., Ayensu, E. S., Duckworth, W. D. (eds.) Tropical forest ecosystems in Africa and South America: a comparative review. Wash (page 179, Cyphoidris as junior synonym of Lordomyrma [provisional])
  • Weber, N. A. 1952a. Studies on African Myrmicinae, I (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Am. Mus. Novit. 1548: 1-32 (page 26, Cyphoidris as genus)