Cyphomyrmex peltatus

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Cyphomyrmex peltatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Cyphomyrmex
Species: C. peltatus
Binomial name
Cyphomyrmex peltatus
Kempf, 1966

Cyphomyrmex peltatus casent0281766 p 1 high.jpg

Cyphomyrmex peltatus casent0281766 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Limited natural history information includes knowing collections have been made from a rotten log in a rainforest and in leaf litter in a steep, rocky slope of secondary forest.

Identification

See the description section below.

Distribution

Known from Brazil, Bolivia, Surinam and, tentatively, Costa Rica.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil (type locality), Costa Rica, Ecuador.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • peltatus. Cyphomyrmex peltatus Kempf, 1966: 181, figs. 13, 20, 35, 50 (w.q.) BRAZIL.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

The holotype worker is the tallest of the series; the smallest worker examined measures as follows: total length 2.8 mm; head length 0.66 mm; head width 0.63 mm; thorax length 0.93 mm; hind femur length 0.75 mm. Otherwise the paratypes agree completely with the holotype in all essential features and details.

The present species is very close to Cyphomyrmex rimosus but a few constant characters help to differentiate both forms. The worker of peltatus differs from sympatric morphs of rimosus in the following characters: Lack of midpronotal tubercles; pentagonal impression on mesonotum, margined by the 4 low welts, the anterior pair forming a tubercle at the antero-lateral corner of the pentagon; epinotum completely unarmed, the anterior pair of tubercles bluntly rounded and only vestigial; middorsal postpetiolar impression always deeper; hairs as a rule thin, recurved, not scale-like. The female is at once recognized by the lack of epinotal spines.

The typical peltatus is known from southeastern Brazil in the States of Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul. I provisionally associate with the same species stray specimens from northern Brazil (Amazonas: Benjamim Constant, Manaus; Pará: Belém; Mato Grosso: Utiariti) and Surinam (La Poulle, Vank; erroneously identified as kirbyi in my paper of 1961: 518), although they are smaller in size, of lighter color, having shorter scapes and rather scale-like hairs.

Worker

Kempf 1966 Cyphomyrmex 1-13.jpg

(holotype). - Total length 3.1 mm; head length 0.72 mm; head width 0.69 mm; thorax length 1.04 mm; hind femur length 0.85 mm. Ferruginous; dorsum of head, scapes and tibiae strongly, promesonotum and gaster more lightly infuscated. Integument densely and finely granulate-punctate.

Head (fig 13). Mandibles finely striolate-punctate, somewhat shining. Anterior border of clypeus very gently convex, almost straight; lateral teeth triangular, not projecting. Frontal area impressed. Frontal lobes semicircular. Frontal carinae almost straight, diverging caudad, attaining tip of occipital corner. The latter scarcely salient. Front with a weak and low tumulus just behind frontal area, followed by a shallow transverse depression between greatest constriction of frontal carinae. Carinae of vertex strong, subsemicircular, diverging both cephalad and caudad, the posterior end does not attain the occipital corner. Occiput perpendicular to vertex, distinctly excavate. Preocular carina curving mesad above eye; postocular carina extending from occipital corner to the inferior border of eye, containing the supraocular tooth, which in full-face view appears just as a blunt angle of postero-lateral border of head. Eyes with 7 facets across greatest diameter. Inferior border of cheeks sharply marginate. Antennal scape gradually but strongly incrassate toward apex; surpassing in repose the occipital corner by a distance which distinctly exceeds its maximum width. Funicular segments II-IX not longer than broad, segment I as long as II and III combined.

Thorax (fig 20). Midpronotal tubercles absent. Lateral pronotal tooth tubercular and obtuse, sending foreward a weak carinule which separates the pronotal dorsum from its sides; antero-inferior corner rectangular. Humeral angle not expressed. Mesonotum with a shallow pentagonal impression margined by blunt carinae formed by the very low and welt-like anterior and posterior pair of tubercles; the latter form at the antero-lateral corner a bluntly projecting tumulus. Mesoepinotal constriction rather strong. Basal face of epinotum laterally immarginate with two indistinct tubercles antero-laterally, blending posteriorly into the declivous face, which is laterally immarginate. Oblique welt on sides of epinotum indistinct. Hind femora ventrally angulate at basal third, postero-ventral border narrowly crested.

Pedicel (fig 20, 35). Petiolar node nearly twice as broad as long, the anterior corners rounded, posteriorly strongly constricted in front of postpetiolar insertion; no dorsal ridges nor posterior salient laminule present. Postpetiole without a distinct anterior face, its dorsal face with a sagittal impression and postero-lateral impressions flanking a pair of blunt and low tubercles, which do not project beyond the entire posterior border. Tergum I of gaster with a feeble antero-median groove; lateral marginations at best vestigial.

Hairs minute, short, shiny and recurved, not scale-like, never completely appressed.

Queen

Total length 3.6-3.7 mm; head length 0.77-0.80 mm; head width 0.75-0.77 mm; thorax length 1.15-1.20 mm; hind femur length 0.88-0.91 mm. Resembling the worker, with the differences peculiar to the caste. - Ocelli very small. Eyes with about 12 facets across the greatest diameter. Lateral pronotal tooth low, blunt, tumuliform. Mesonotum: Scutum with an antero-median, laterally marginate elevation between the anterior arms of the shallowly impressed Mayrian furrows; notauli indistinct. Paraptera flat with rounded border. Scutellum posteriorly bidentate, with a semicircular excision between the teeth. Epinotum continuously declivous, without a differentiated basal face; its upper portion laterally sharply carinate. Middorsal impression of postpetiole deeper. Wings unknown.

Male

Type Material

28 workers and 3 females, as follows: Brazil, Santa Catarina; Ibicaré, September 1960, F. Plaumann leg. 6 workers, 1 female (holotype and paratypes); Chapecó, V-1957, F. Plaumann leg. 1 worker; Nova Teutônia, strays from 8 different collections made between October 1953 and February 1963 by F. Plaumann, 17 workers; Rio Grande do Sul: Barão de Cotegipe, July 1960, F. Plaumann leg. 2 workers, 2 females; Boqueirão, September 1960, F. Plaumann leg. 2 workers. (All paratypes and deposited in WWK).

References

  • Kempf, W. W. 1966 [1965]. A revision of the Neotropical fungus-growing ants of the genus Cyphomyrmex Mayr. Part II: Group of rimosus (Spinola) (Hym., Formicidae). Stud. Entomol. 8: 161-200 (page 181, figs. 13, 20, 35, 50 worker, queen described)