Dorylus fulvus

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Dorylus fulvus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dorylinae
Genus: Dorylus
Species: D. fulvus
Binomial name
Dorylus fulvus
(Westwood, 1839)

Dorylus fulvus casent0217465 p 1 high.jpg

Dorylus fulvus casent0217465 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Subspecies
Synonyms
Evolutionary Relationships
Dorylus

Dorylus laevigatus





Dorylus conradti



Dorylus orientalis





Dorylus fimbriatus laevipodex




Dorylus fulvus




Dorylus spininodis





Dorylus mayri





Dorylus nigricans rubellus




Dorylus nigricans molestus




Dorylus nigricans terrificus



Dorylus wilverthi







Dorylus nigricans burmeisteri




Dorylus nigricans sjostedti




Dorylus nigricans arcens



Dorylus nigricans










Dorylus emeryi




Dorylus gerstaeckeri



Dorylus gribodoi







Dorylus kohli



Dorylus emeryi opacus





Dorylus braunsi




Dorylus affinis



Dorylus helvolus












Based on Kronauer et al., 2007. Note only selected Dorylus species are included, and undescribed species are excluded.

Arnold (1915) observed these ants tending an unidentified Membracidae, one of just a few rare records of an army ant associating with honeydew producing insects.

Photo Gallery

  • Dorylus fulvus worker, Israel. Photo by Eran Schnecke.

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Central African Republic, Gambia, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, United Republic of Tanzania, Zimbabwe.
Oriental Region: India.
Palaearctic Region: Algeria, Balearic Islands, Oman, Turkey.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Male

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • fulvus. Typhlopone fulva Westwood, 1839: 219, fig. 86 (w.) NORTH AFRICA. Emery, 1895j: 723 (m.). Combination in Dorylus: Dalla Torre, 1893: 10; in D. (Typhlopone): Emery, 1895j: 723. Senior synonym of kirbii: Smith, F. 1858b: 110; Mayr, 1863: 457; of clausii, dahlbomii, shuckardi, spinolae, thwaitsii: Emery, 1895j: 723. Current subspecies: nominal plus badius, crosi, dentifrons, eurous, glabratus, juvenculus, mordax, obscurior, punicus, ruficeps, saharensis.
  • dahlbomii. Typhlopone dahlbomii Westwood, 1840b: 88, pl. 2, fig. 3 (w.) no locality given. Combination in Dorylus: Dalla Torre, 1893: 10. Junior synonym of fulvus: Emery, 1895j: 723.
  • kirbii. Labidus (Typhlopone) kirbii Shuckard, 1840b: 265 (w.) no locality given. Junior synonym of fulvus: Smith, F. 1858b: 110; Mayr, 1863: 457.
  • shuckardi. Typhlopone shuckardi Westwood, 1840b: 88, pl.2, fig. 2 (w.) no locality given. Junior synonym of fulvus: Emery, 1895j: 723.
  • spinolae. Labidus (Typhlopone) spinolae Shuckard, 1840c: 327 (w.) no locality given. Combination in Dorylus: Dalla Torre, 1893: 13. Junior synonym of fulvus: Emery, 1895j: 723.
  • thwaitsii. Labidus (Typhlopone) thwaitsii Shuckard, 1840c: 326 (w.) no locality given. Combination in Dorylus: Dalla Torre, 1893: 13. Junior synonym of fulvus: Emery, 1895j: 723.
  • clausii. Typhlopone clausii Joseph, 1882: 47 (w.) NORTH AFRICA. Combination in Dorylus: André, 1882c: 252. Junior synonym of juvenculus: Emery, 1891b: 1. Revived from synonymy as subspecies of juvenculus: Dalla Torre, 1893: 12. Junior synonym of fulvus: Emery, 1895j: 723.

Description

References

  • Arnold G. 1915. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part I. Ponerinae, Dorylinae. Annals of the South African Museum. 14: 1 – 159.
  • Barth, M.B., Moritz, R.F.A., Pirk, C.W.W., Kraus, F.B. 2013. Male-biased dispersal promotes large scale gene flow in a subterranean army ant, Dorylus (Typhlopone) fulvus. Population Ecology (DOI 10.1007/s10144-013-0383-4).
  • Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 10, Combination in Dorylus)
  • Emery, C. 1895l. Die Gattung Dorylus Fab. und die systematische Eintheilung der Formiciden. Zool. Jahrb. Abt. Syst. Geogr. Biol. Tiere 8: 685-778 (page 723, male described, Combination in D. (Typhlopone), Senior synonym of clausii, dahlbomii, shuckardi, spinolae and thwaitsii)
  • Kronauer, D. J. C.; Schöning, C.; Vilhelmsen, L. B.; Boomsma, J. J. 2007. A molecular phylogeny of Dorylus army ants provides evidence for multiple evolutionary transitions in foraging niche. BMC Evolutionary Biology 7: Article 56 (doi:10.1186/1471-2148-7-56). PDF
  • Mayr, G. 1863a. Formicidarum index synonymicus. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 13: 385-460 (page 457, Senior synonym of kirbii)
  • Smith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 110, Senior synonym of kirbii)
  • Westwood, J. O. 1839a. An introduction to the modern classification of insects; founded on the natural habits and corresponding organisation of the different families. Volume 2. Part XI. London: Longman, Orme, Brown, Green and Longmans, pp. 193-224. (page 219, fig. 86 worker described)