Dorylus helvolus

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Dorylus helvolus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dorylinae
Genus: Dorylus
Species: D. helvolus
Binomial name
Dorylus helvolus
(Linnaeus, 1764)

Dorylus helvolus casent0106079 profile 1.jpg

Dorylus helvolus casent0106079 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen Label

Subspecies
Synonyms
Evolutionary Relationships
Dorylus

Dorylus laevigatus





Dorylus conradti



Dorylus orientalis





Dorylus fimbriatus laevipodex




Dorylus fulvus




Dorylus spininodis





Dorylus mayri





Dorylus nigricans rubellus




Dorylus nigricans molestus




Dorylus nigricans terrificus



Dorylus wilverthi







Dorylus nigricans burmeisteri




Dorylus nigricans sjostedti




Dorylus nigricans arcens



Dorylus nigricans










Dorylus emeryi




Dorylus gerstaeckeri



Dorylus gribodoi







Dorylus kohli



Dorylus emeryi opacus





Dorylus braunsi




Dorylus affinis



Dorylus helvolus












Based on Kronauer et al., 2007. Note only selected Dorylus species are included, and undescribed species are excluded.

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa (type locality), United Republic of Tanzania.
Palaearctic Region: Italy.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • helvolus. Vespa helvola Linnaeus, 1764: 412 (m.) SOUTH AFRICA. Linnaeus, 1767: 968 (w.); Emery, 1888b: 344 (q.). Combination in Dorylus: Fabricius, 1793: 365. Senior synonym of dorylus, europaea, planifrons, punctata: Emery, 1888b: 350; Emery, 1895j: 714. Current subspecies: nominal plus pretoriae. See also: Arnold, 1915: 116.
  • dorylus. Mutilla dorylus Lamarck, 1817: 101 (m.) "Africa". Junior synonym of helvolus: Emery, 1888b: 350.
  • punctata. Typhlopone punctata Smith, F. 1858b: 112 (w.) SOUTH AFRICA. Combination in Dorylus: André, 1882c: 251. Junior synonym of helvolus: Emery, 1888b: 350.
  • europaea. Typhlopone europaea Roger, 1859: 248, pl. 7, fig. 3 (w.) ITALY. Junior synonym of helvolus: Emery, 1888b: 350.
  • planifrons. Dorylus planifrons Mayr, 1865: 74, pl. 3, fig. 21 (m.) SOUTH AFRICA. Junior synonym of helvolus: Emery, 1888b: 350.

Description

References

  • Arnold, G. 1915. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part I. Ponerinae, Dorylinae. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. 14: 1-159 (page 116, see also)
  • Emery, C. 1888b [1887]. Le tre forme sessuali del Dorylus helvolus L. e degli altri Dorilidi. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 19: 344-351 (page 344, queen described)
  • Emery, C. 1888b [1887]. Le tre forme sessuali del Dorylus helvolus L. e degli altri Dorilidi. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 19: 344-351 (page 350, Senior synonym of dorylus, europaea, planifrons and punctata)
  • Emery, C. 1895l. Die Gattung Dorylus Fab. und die systematische Eintheilung der Formiciden. Zool. Jahrb. Abt. Syst. Geogr. Biol. Tiere 8: 685-778 (page 714, Senior synonym of dorylus, europaea, planifrons and punctata)
  • Fabricius, J. C. 1793. Entomologia systematica emendata et aucta. Secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonimis, locis observationibus, descriptionibus. Tome 2. Hafniae [= Copenhagen]: C. G. Proft, 519 pp. (page 365, Combination in Dorylus)
  • Kronauer, D. J. C.; Schöning, C.; Vilhelmsen, L. B.; Boomsma, J. J. 2007. A molecular phylogeny of Dorylus army ants provides evidence for multiple evolutionary transitions in foraging niche. BMC Evolutionary Biology 7: Article 56 (doi:10.1186/1471-2148-7-56). PDF
  • Linnaeus, C. 1764. Museum S:ae R:ae M:tis Ludovicae Ulricae Reginae Svecorum, Gothorum, Vandalorumque, &c. In quo animalia rariora, exotica, imprimis. Insecta & Conchilia describuntur & determinantur. Prodromi instar. Holmiae [= Stockholm]: Salvius, 8 + (page 412, male described)
  • Linnaeus, C. 1767. Systema naturae, per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum caracteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Pars 2. Editio duodecima, reformata. Holmiae [= Stockholm]: L. Salvii, pp. 533-1327. (page 968, worker described)