Eciton drepanophorum

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Eciton drepanophorum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dorylinae
Genus: Eciton
Species: E. drepanophorum
Binomial name
Eciton drepanophorum
Smith, F., 1858

Eciton drepanophorum casent0902634 p 1 high.jpg

Eciton drepanophorum casent0902634 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms
Evolutionary Relationships
Eciton


Eciton dulcium





Eciton vagans




Eciton quadriglume



Eciton rapax








Eciton mexicanum




Eciton lucanoides




Eciton burchellii




Eciton drepanophorum



Eciton hamatum







Based on Winston et al., 2016. The species Eciton jansoni, Eciton quadriglume, Eciton setigaster and Eciton uncinatum were not included in this study.

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Bolivia, Brazil (type locality), Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker
Soldier
Queen

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • drepanophorum. Eciton drepanophorum Smith, F. 1858b: 149 (s.w.) BRAZIL. Junior synonym of hamatum: Mayr, 1886b: 117; Forel, 1899c: 23; Emery, 1910b: 21. Revived from synonymy as subspecies of hamatum: Santschi, 1921g: 89. Revived status as species: Borgmeier, 1936: 52. Senior synonym of bellicosum: Borgmeier, 1936: 52; of ferox, quitensis: Borgmeier, 1953: 13 and :9 respectively. See also: Borgmeier, 1955: 223.
  • ferox. Eciton ferox Santschi, 1920e: 122 (s.w.) BOLIVIA. [Also described as new by Santschi, 1921g: 89.] Junior synonym of drepanophorum: Borgmeier, 1953: 13.
  • bellicosum. Eciton bellicosum Santschi, 1921g: 90 (s.w.) FRENCH GUIANA. Junior synonym of drepanophorum: Borgmeier, 1936: 52.
  • quitensis. Eciton hamatum var. quitensis Forel, 1921b: 135 (s.w.) ECUADOR. Junior synonym of drepanophorum: Borgmeier, 1953: 9.

Description

References

  • Borgmeier, T. 1936b. Sobre algumas formigas dos generos Eciton e Cheliomyrmex (Hym. Formicidae). Arch. Inst. Biol. Veg. (Rio J.) 3: 51-68 (page 52, Revived status as species)
  • Borgmeier, T. 1936b. Sobre algumas formigas dos generos Eciton e Cheliomyrmex (Hym. Formicidae). Arch. Inst. Biol. Veg. (Rio J.) 3: 51-68 (page 52, Senior synonym of bellicosum)
  • Borgmeier, T. 1953. Vorarbeiten zu einer Revision der neotropischen Wanderameisen. Stud. Entomol. 2: 1-51 (page 13, 9, Senior synonym of ferox and quitensis)
  • Borgmeier, T. 1955. Die Wanderameisen der neotropischen Region. Stud. Entomol. 3: 1-720 (page 223, see also)
  • Emery, C. 1910b. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Dorylinae. Genera Insectorum 102: 1-34 (page 21, Junior synonym of hamatum)
  • Forel, A. 1899b. Formicidae. [part]. Biol. Cent.-Am. Hym. 3: 1-24 (page 23, Junior synonym of hamatum)
  • Mayr, G. 1886b. Ueber Eciton-Labidus. (Schluss). Wien. Entomol. Ztg. 5: 115-122 (page 117, Junior synonym of hamatum)
  • Santschi, F. 1921g. Ponerinae, Dorylinae et quelques autres formicides néotropiques. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 54: 81-103 (page 89, Revived from synonymy as variety of hamatum)
  • Smith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 149, soldier, worker described)
  • Winston, M.E., Kronauer, D.J.C. & Moreau, C.S. 2016. Early and dynamic colonization of Central America drives speciation in Neotropical army ants. Molecular Ecology (doi: 10.1111/mec.13846).