Eciton mexicanum

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Eciton mexicanum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dorylinae
Genus: Eciton
Species: E. mexicanum
Binomial name
Eciton mexicanum
Roger, 1863

Eciton mexicanum casent0006116 profile 1.jpg

Eciton mexicanum casent0006116 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Subspecies
Synonyms


Evolutionary Relationships
Eciton


Eciton dulcium





Eciton vagans




Eciton quadriglume



Eciton rapax








Eciton mexicanum




Eciton lucanoides




Eciton burchellii




Eciton drepanophorum



Eciton hamatum







Based on Winston et al., 2016. The species Eciton jansoni, Eciton quadriglume, Eciton setigaster and Eciton uncinatum were not included in this study.

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico (type locality), Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Venezuela.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Baudier et al. (2015) studied thermal tolerances of a variety of army ant workers. Eciton mexicanum was one of a number of army ant species sampled with a life history that includes both below and above ground activities.

Castes

Worker
Soldier
Male

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • mexicanum. Eciton mexicana Roger, 1863a: 205 (w.) MEXICO. Emery, 1894c: 178 (s.); Borgmeier, 1933a: 92 (q., as rogeri); Borgmeier, 1955: 252 (m.). Senior synonym of rogeri: Borgmeier, 1955: 250. Current subspecies: nominal plus argentinum, goianum, latidens, moralum, panamense.
  • rogeri. Eciton rogeri Dalla Torre, 1892: 89. Unnecessary replacement name for mexicanum Roger, 1863b: 205. Junior synonym of mexicanum: Borgmeier, 1955: 250.

Description

References

  • Baudier, K. M., A. E. Mudd, S. C. Erickson, and S. O'Donnell. 2015. Microhabitat and body size effects on heat tolerance: implications for responses to climate change (army ants: Formicidae, Ecitoninae). Journal of Animal Ecology. 84:1322-1330. doi:10.1111/1365-2656.12388
  • Borgmeier, T. 1933a. A rainha de Eciton rogeri Dalla Torre (Hym. Formicidae). Rev. Entomol. (Rio J.) 3: 92-96 (page 92, queen described)
  • Borgmeier, T. 1955. Die Wanderameisen der neotropischen Region. Stud. Entomol. 3: 1-720 (page 252, male described; page 250, Senior synonym of rogeri)
  • Emery, C. 1894d. Studi sulle formiche della fauna neotropica. VI-XVI. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 26: 137-241 (page 178, soldier described)
  • O’Donnell, S., McGlynn, T.P. 2017. Emigrating on the fly: a novel method of army ant colony movement observed in Eciton mexicanum. Journal of Insect Behavior 30: 471-474 (DOI 10.1007/s10905-017-9635-z).
  • Roger, J. 1863a. Die neu aufgeführten Gattungen und Arten meines Formiciden-Verzeichnisses nebst Ergänzung einiger früher gegebenen Beschreibungen. Berl. Entomol. Z. 7: 131-214 (page 205, worker described)
  • Winston, M.E., Kronauer, D.J.C. & Moreau, C.S. 2016. Early and dynamic colonization of Central America drives speciation in Neotropical army ants. Molecular Ecology (doi: 10.1111/mec.13846).