Eciton quadriglume

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Eciton quadriglume
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dorylinae
Genus: Eciton
Species: E. quadriglume
Binomial name
Eciton quadriglume
(Haliday, 1836)

Eciton-quadriglume-MCZ001-S-L.jpg

Eciton-quadriglume-MCZ001-S-D.jpg

Synonyms
Evolutionary Relationships
Eciton


Eciton dulcium





Eciton vagans




Eciton quadriglume



Eciton rapax








Eciton mexicanum




Eciton lucanoides




Eciton burchellii




Eciton drepanophorum



Eciton hamatum







Based on Winston et al., 2016. The species Eciton jansoni, Eciton quadriglume, Eciton setigaster and Eciton uncinatum were not included in this study.

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Argentina, Brazil (type locality), Paraguay, Peru.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • quadriglume. Atta quadriglumis Haliday, 1836: 328 (w.) BRAZIL. Mayr, 1886b: 122 (s.); Emery, 1896g: 38 (m.); Reichensperger, 1924: 203 (q.). Combination in Eciton: Smith, F. 1858b: 151. Junior synonym of rapax: Smith, F. 1858b: 151. Revived from synonymy: Roger, 1863b: 36. Senior synonym of lugubris: Mayr, 1886b: 118; of fargeavii: Emery, 1896g: 38. See also: Borgmeier, 1953: 15; Borgmeier, 1955: 196.
  • fargeavii. Labidus fargeavii Shuckard, 1840a: 198 (m.) no locality given. Combination in Eciton: Dalla Torre, 1893: 2; in Mayromyrmex: Ashmead, 1905b: 381; in Eciton: Emery, 1906a: 718. Junior synonym of quadriglume: Emery, 1896g: 38; Borgmeier, 1953: 15.
  • lugubris. Eciton lugubris Roger, 1863a: 203 (w.) BRAZIL. Forel, 1886a: 217 (s.). Junior synonym of quadriglume: Mayr, 1886b: 118.

Description

References

  • Borgmeier, T. 1953. Vorarbeiten zu einer Revision der neotropischen Wanderameisen. Stud. Entomol. 2: 1-51 (page 15, see also)
  • Borgmeier, T. 1955. Die Wanderameisen der neotropischen Region. Stud. Entomol. 3: 1-720 (page 196, see also)
  • Emery, C. 1896g. Studi sulle formiche della fauna neotropica. XVII-XXV. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 28: 33-107 (page 38, male described)
  • Emery, C. 1896g. Studi sulle formiche della fauna neotropica. XVII-XXV. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 28: 33-107 (page 38, Senior synonym of fargeavii)
  • Haliday, A. H. 1836. Descriptions, etc. of the Hymenoptera. Pp. 316-331 in: Curtis, J., Haliday, A. H., Walker, F. Descriptions, etc. of the insects collected by Captain P. P. King R. N., F. R. S., in the survey of the Straits of Magellan. Trans. Linn. (page 328, worker described)
  • Mayr, G. 1886b. Ueber Eciton-Labidus. (Schluss). Wien. Entomol. Ztg. 5: 115-122 (page 122, soldier described)
  • Mayr, G. 1886b. Ueber Eciton-Labidus. (Schluss). Wien. Entomol. Ztg. 5: 115-122 (page 118, Senior synonym of lugubris)
  • Reichensperger, A. 1924. Das Weibchen von Eciton quadriglume Hal., einige neue ecitophile Histeriden und allgemeine Bemerkungen. Zool. Anz. 60: 201-213 (page 203, queen described)
  • Roger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berl. Entomol. Z. 7(B Beilage: 1-65 (page 36, Revived from synonymy)
  • Smith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 151, Combination in Eciton)
  • Smith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 151, Junior synonym of rapax)
  • Winston, M.E., Kronauer, D.J.C. & Moreau, C.S. 2016. Early and dynamic colonization of Central America drives speciation in Neotropical army ants. Molecular Ecology (doi: 10.1111/mec.13846).