Ethogram Cole 1980

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An ethogram for two Mangrove (Florida, USA) ant species from: Cole, B. J. 1980. Repertoire convergence in two mangrove ants, Zacryptocerus varians and Camponotus (Colobopsis) sp. Insect. Soc. 27:265-275. DOI (10.1007/BF02223668)

Zacryptocerus = Cephalotes varians

Colobopsis = Camponotus (Colobopsis) sp.

Cole states: "Thirty-one discrete behavioral categories in the minor worker and two categories in the major worker were observed in Z. varians. Twenty-eight behavioral categories in the minor worker and fifteen categories in the major worker were observed in Colobopsis. The estimated size of the behavioral repertoire for the minor workers, by the Fagen-Goldman method (FAGEN and GOLDMAN, 1977) is 40 for Z. varians and 36 for Colobopsis. The estimate for Z. varians compares quite favorably with the value of 42 given by WILSON (1976)." Wilson Ethogram

See the respective species pages or the publication for more information.


Behavioral Act Zacryptocerus Colobopsis
Minor Major Queen Minor Major Queen
Total Acts 3303 25 10 1911 457 15
self-grooming 0.325 0.56 0.1 3804 0.317 0.53
Antennal tipping 0.0234 0 0 0.0016 0 0
Lick wall of nest 0.01 0 0 0.012 0 0
Drag.: minor 'worker 0 0 0 0 0.002 0
major 'worker 0 0 0 0.001 0 0
queen 0 0 0 0.0021 0.002 0
Allogroom: minor worker 0.055 0 0 0.0345 0.011 0
major worker 0.0027 0 0 0.0094 0 0
queen 0.0039 0 0 0.0078 0.015 0
Lay normal egg 0 0 0 0 0 0.07
Lay trophic egg 0.0009 0 0 0 0 0
Carry insect remains 0 0 0 0.0031 0 0
Carry infrabuccal pellets 0.003 0 0 0.0042 0 0
Carry solid remains 0.0006 0 0 0.001 0 0
Brood care
Carry egg(s) 0.0125 0 0 0.0115 0.004 0
Lick egg(s) 0.0067 0 0 0.0178 0 0
Carry larva(e) 0.0477 0 0 0.034 0.02 0
Lick larva(e) 0.1388 0 0 0.09 0.061 0.07
Assist larval ecdysis 0.0009 0 0 0 0 0
Meconium removal 0 0 0 0.0005 0.002 0
Carry pupa(e) 0.003 0 0 0.001 0 0
Lick pupa(e) 0.0118 0 0 0.0105 0.007 0.07
Feed egg to larva 0.0018 0 0 0 0 0
Feed infrabuccal pellet to larva 0.007 0 0 0.0078 0 0
Abdominal trophallaxis
receive or solicit from minor 0.041 0 0 0 0 0
receive or solicit from major 0.0043 0 0 0 0 0
receive or solicit from queen 0.0018 0 0 0 0 0
Regurgitate
with larva 0.0653 0 0 0.0597 0.009 0
with minor 'worker 0.2072 0.44 0.9 0.1669 0.471 0.27
with major 'worker 0.0033 0 0 0.1125 0.066 0
with queen 0.0024 0 0 0.0021 0 0
Feed on insect remains 0.0012 0 0 0.0141 0.011 0
Feed on larva 0.0009 0 0 0.001 0 0
Feed on egg 0.0003 0 0 0 0 0
Feed on infrabuccal pellet 0.0106 0 0 0.0068 0 0
Share infrabuccal pellet 0.0015 0 0 0.001 0 0
Feed on solid remains 0.0009 0 0 0.001 0 0