Euponera antsiraka

AntWiki - Where Ant Biologists Share Their Knowledge
Jump to: navigation, search
Euponera antsiraka
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Euponera
Species complex: sikorae
Species: E. antsiraka
Binomial name
Euponera antsiraka
(Rakotonirina & Fisher, 2013)

Pachycondyla antsiraka casent0068091 p 1 high.jpg

Pachycondyla antsiraka casent0068091 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Specimens have been found mostly from leaf litter. Due to the hypogaeic habits of workers, the biology of this species is poorly understood.

Identification

Rakotonirina and Fisher (2013) - Worker: Anterior margin of clypeus medially convex or with blunt angle; posterolateral margins of propodeum and petiolar node armed with a series of sharp teeth or tubercles; head densely and finely reticulate-rugulose or reticulate-punctate behind the eye; with head in full face view, lateral borders anteriorly gradually curving towards the base of mandibles; in profile, distance between eyes and base of mandibles roughly three times or more the maximum diameter of eye; mesopleural sulcus distinctly continuous and narrowly impressed; second gastral tergite punctate, pubescence absent or reduced on first and second gastral segments.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Euponera antsiraka is only known from the lowland and littoral forests of the central east of the Madagascar

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Malagasy Region: Madagascar (type locality).

Check distribution from AntMaps.

Distribution based on specimens

Loading map...

The above specimen data are provided by AntWeb. Please see Euponera antsiraka for further details

Biology

Castes

Known only from the worker caste.

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • antsiraka. Pachycondyla antsiraka Rakotonirina & Fisher, 2013: 459, figs. 26, 31, 32, 33, 71 (w.) MADAGASCAR. Combination in Euponera: Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014: 86.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

(9 specimens): HW: 1.03–1.25, HL: 1.16–1.30, CI: 88–96, SL: 0.78–0.94, SI: 74–78, PW: 0.75–0.91, WL: 1.49–1.82, NH: 0.68–0.86, NL: 0.50–0.68, NW: 0.64–0.86, DNI: 125–141, LNI: 123–143.

Head rectangular, with almost straight lateral margins which weakly converge to the base of the mandibles; posterior border more or less straight. Head capsule densely and finely reticulate-rugulose to reticulate-punctate; space between punctures about the same or smaller than diameter of puncture. Eye small, slightly protruding from the head surface, with 13 or fewer ommatidia; distance between eyes and base of mandibles roughly three times or more the maximum diameter of eye. Antennal scape short, not attaining posterior cephalic margin. Anteromedian margin of clypeus convex or bluntly angulate. Mandibular surface with widely spaced punctulae, the spaces between which are smooth and shiny; apical margins with 8–9 teeth or denticles.

In dorsal view, metanotal groove absent; dorsum of mesosoma reticulate-rugulose, interspersed with punctures; sparse tubercles may be present on anterior portion of pronotum. In profile, mesopleural suture visible as a continuous transverse sulcus from anterior margin to posterior border of mesopleuron. Posterior margin of propodeum with a sequence of teeth or denticles. In dorsal view, petiolar node punctate, lateral surface tuberculate, superimposed with punctures; in lateral view posterolateral margin of petiolar node armed with a series of sharp teeth or tubercles. First gastral segment without impression on its anterior face. First two gastral tergites with punctate sculpture.

Pilosity present on dorsum of body; pubescence sparse on first and second gastral tergites. Body color dark brown to reddish brown; appendages lighter.

Type Material

Holotype worker: Madagascar, Toamasina, FC Sandranantitra, -18.0483, 49.0917, 450 m, rainforest, sifted litter, 18–21 Jan 1999 (H.J. Ratsirarson) collection code: HJR101, specimen code: CASENT0317590 (California Academy of Sciences). Paratype: worker with same data as holotype but with specimen code HJR101(3)–21 (CASC).

References

  • Rakotonirina, J.C. & Fisher, B.L. 2013. Revision of the Pachycondyla sikorae species-group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Madagascar. Zootaxa 3683, 447-485.
  • Schmidt, C.A. & Shattuck, S.O. 2014. The higher classification of the ant subfamily Ponerinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), with a review of ponerine ecology and behavior. Zootaxa. 3817, 1–242 (doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3817.1.1)