Formica gagates

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Formica gagates
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Formicini
Genus: Formica
Species: F. gagates
Binomial name
Formica gagates
Latreille, 1798

Formica gagates casent0010650 profile 1.jpg

Formica gagates casent0010650 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Synonyms

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Oriental Region: India.
Palaearctic Region: Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (type locality), Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iberian Peninsula, Montenegro, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Macedonia, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine.

Distribution based on specimens

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The above specimen data are provided by AntWeb. Please see Formica gagates for further details


Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • gagates. Formica gagates Latreille, 1798: 36 (w.q.) FRANCE. Mayr, 1855: 349 (m.). Combination in F. (Serviformica): Forel, 1915d: 63. Subspecies of fusca: Forel, 1874: 53; Emery & Forel, 1879: 451; Mayr, 1886d: 426; Forel, 1892i: 307; Forel, 1907b: 208; Bondroit, 1910: 483. Status as species: André, 1882b: 182; Nasonov, 1889: 19; Ruzsky, 1902d: 13; Forel, 1904b: 384; Wheeler, W.M. 1913f: 513; Forel, 1915d: 63; Emery, 1916b: 254; Bondroit, 1918: 46; Karavaiev, 1927c: 285; Karavaiev, 1936: 229; Stitz, 1939: 362; Bernard, 1967: 298; Dlussky, 1967a: 79; Kutter, 1977c: 250; Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 269. Senior synonym of capsincola: Mayr, 1855: 348; Nylander, 1856b: 65; of morio: Emery, 1925b: 248; Karavaiev, 1936: 230; Dlussky & Pisarski, 1971: 169; of fuscogagates: Kutter, 1977c: 254. Material of the unavailable name muralewiczi referred here by Emery, 1909b: 194; Karavaiev, 1927a: 301. Current subspecies: nominal plus piceogagates.
  • morio. Formica morio Latreille, 1798: 36 (w.) FRANCE. Junior synonym of gagates: Emery, 1925b: 248; Dlussky & Pisarski, 1971: 169.
  • capsincola. Formica capsincola Schilling, 1839: 54 (w.q.) POLAND. Junior synonym of gagates: Mayr, 1855: 248; Nylander, 1856b: 65.
  • fuscogagates. Formica fusca var. fuscogagates Forel, 1874: 54 (w.q.) SWITZERLAND. Combination in F. (Serviformica): Forel, 1915d: 63. Raised to species: Bondroit, 1918: 47. Subspecies of gagates: Emery, 1909b: 195; Emery, 1925b: 249. Junior synonym of gagates: Kutter, 1977c: 254.

Description

References

  • André, E. 1882c. Les fourmis. [part]. Pp. 153-232 in: André, Edm. 1881-1886. Species des Hyménoptères d'Europe et d'Algérie. Tome Deuxième. Beaune: Edmond André, 919 + 48 pp. (page 182, status as species)
  • Atanassov, N.; Dlussky, G. M. 1992. Fauna of Bulgaria. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Fauna Bûlg. 22: 1-310 (page 269, status as species)
  • Bernard, F. 1967a [1968]. Faune de l'Europe et du Bassin Méditerranéen. 3. Les fourmis (Hymenoptera Formicidae) d'Europe occidentale et septentrionale. Paris: Masson, 411 pp. (page 298, status as species)
  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 195, catalogue)
  • Bondroit, J. 1910 [1909]. Les fourmis de Belgique. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 53: 479-500 (page 483, variety/race of fusca)
  • Bondroit, J. 1918. Les fourmis de France et de Belgique. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 87: 1-174 (page 46, status as species)
  • Borowiec, L. & Salata, S. 2013. Ants of Greece – additions and corrections (Hymenoptera Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 24, 335-401.
  • Dlussky, G. M. 1967a. Ants of the genus Formica (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, g. Formica). Moskva: Nauka Publishing House, 236 pp. (page 79, status as species)
  • Dlussky, G. M.; Pisarski, B. 1971. Rewizja polskich gatunków mrówek (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) z rodzaju Formica L. Fragm. Faun. (Warsaw) 16: 145-224 (page 169, senior synonym of morio)
  • Emery, C. 1909b. Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. (Hym.) Teil VII. Dtsch. Entomol. Z. 1909: 179-204 (page 194, material of the unavailable name muralewisczi referred here.)
  • Emery, C. 1916a [1915]. Fauna entomologica italiana. I. Hymenoptera.-Formicidae. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 47: 79-275 (page 254, status as species)
  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 248, senior synonym of morio)
  • Emery, C.; Forel, A. 1879. Catalogue des Formicides d'Europe. Mitt. Schweiz. Entomol. Ges. 5: 441-481 (page 451, variety/race of fusca)
  • Forel, A. 1874. Les fourmis de la Suisse. Systématique, notices anatomiques et physiologiques, architecture, distribution géographique, nouvelles expériences et observations de moeurs. Neue Denkschr. Allg. Schweiz. Ges. Gesammten Naturwiss. 26: 1-452 (page 53, variety/race of fusca)
  • Forel, A. 1892j. Die Ameisenfauna Bulgariens. (Nebst biologischen Beobachtungen.). Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 42: 305-318 (page 307, variety/race of fusca)
  • Forel, A. 1904c [1903]. Note sur les fourmis du Musée Zoologique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences à St. Pétersbourg. Ezheg. Zool. Muz. 8: 368-388 (page 384, status as species)
  • Forel, A. 1907e. Fourmis nouvelles de Kairouan et d'Orient. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 51: 201-208 (page 208, variety/race of fusca)
  • Forel, A. 1915d. Fauna insectorum helvetiae. Hymenoptera. Formicidae. Die Ameisen der Schweiz. Mitt. Schweiz. Entomol. Ges. 12(B Beilage: 1-77 (page 63, combination in F. (Serviformica))
  • Forel, A. 1915d. Fauna insectorum helvetiae. Hymenoptera. Formicidae. Die Ameisen der Schweiz. Mitt. Schweiz. Entomol. Ges. 12(B Beilage: 1-77 (page 63, status as species)
  • Karavaiev, V. 1927a [1926]. Übersicht der Ameisenfauna der Krim nebst einigen Neubeschreibungen. Konowia 5: 281-303 (page 285, status as species)
  • Karavaiev, V. 1927a [1926]. Übersicht der Ameisenfauna der Krim nebst einigen Neubeschreibungen. Konowia 5: 281-303 (page 301, material of the unavailable name muralewisczi referred here.)
  • Karavaiev, V. 1936. The fauna of the family Formicidae (ants) of the Ukraine. Part II (conclusion). Tr. Inst. Zool. Biol. Ukr. Akad. Nauk Ser. 1 Pr. Syst. Faun. 1936: 161-316 (page 229, status as species)
  • Karavaiev, V. 1936. The fauna of the family Formicidae (ants) of the Ukraine. Part II (conclusion). Tr. Inst. Zool. Biol. Ukr. Akad. Nauk Ser. 1 Pr. Syst. Faun. 1936: 161-316 (page 230, senior synonym of morio)
  • Kutter, H. 1977c. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Insecta Helv. Fauna 6: 1-298 (page 250, status as species)
  • Kutter, H. 1977c. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Insecta Helv. Fauna 6: 1-298 (page 254, senior synonym of fuscogagates)
  • Latreille, P. A. 1798. Essai sur l'histoire des fourmis de la France. Brive: F. Bourdeaux, 50 pp. (page 36, worker, queen described)
  • Mayr, G. 1855. Formicina austriaca. Beschreibung der bisher im österreichischen Kaiserstaate aufgefundenen Ameisen, nebst Hinzufügung jener in Deutschland, in der Schweiz und in Italien vorkommenden Arten. Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ver. Wien 5: 273-478 (page 349, male described)
  • Mayr, G. 1855. Formicina austriaca. Beschreibung der bisher im österreichischen Kaiserstaate aufgefundenen Ameisen, nebst Hinzufügung jener in Deutschland, in der Schweiz und in Italien vorkommenden Arten. Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ver. Wien 5: 273-478 (page 348, senior synonym of capsincola)
  • Mayr, G. 1886d. Die Formiciden der Vereinigten Staaten von Nordamerika. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 36: 419-464 (page 426, variety/race of fusca)
  • Nasonov, N. V. 1889. Contribution to the natural history of the ants primarily of Russia. 1. Contribution to the ant fauna of Russia. Izv. Imp. Obshch. Lyubit. Estestvozn. Antropol. Etnogr. Imp. Mosk. Univ. 58: 1-78 (page 19, status as species)
  • Nylander, W. 1856b. Synopsis des Formicides de France et d'Algérie. Ann. Sci. Nat. Zool. (4) 5: 51-109 (page 65, senior synonym of capsincola)
  • Ruzsky, M. 1902d. Material on the ant fauna of the Caucasus and the Crimea. Protok. Obshch. Estestvoispyt. Imp. Kazan. Univ. 206(su suppl: 1-33 (page 13, status as species)
  • Stitz, H. 1939. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands und der angrenzenden Meersteile nach ihren Merkmalen und nach ihrer Lebensweise. 37. Theil. Hautflüger oder Hymenoptera. I: Ameisen oder Formicidae. Jena: G. Fischer, 428 pp. (page 362, status as species)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1913i. A revision of the ants of the genus Formica (Linné) Mayr. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 53: 379-565 (page 513, status as species)