Formica pilicornis

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Formica pilicornis
Scientific classification (junior homonym, replaced by Formica francoeuri)
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Formicini
Genus: Formica
Species: Formica pilicornis
Emery, 1893

This taxon is a junior homonym and has been replaced by Formica francoeuri.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • pilicornis. Formica pilicornis Emery, 1893i: 664 (w.q.m.) U.S.A. [Junior primary homonym of pilicornis Roger, 1859: 228, above.] Replacement name: francoeuri Bolton, 1995b: 195. Subspecies of cinerea: Wheeler, W.M. 1913f: 527. Revived status as species: Creighton, 1950a: 538. See also: Francoeur, 1973: 74.


  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 201, name replaced by francoeuri)
  • Creighton, W. S. 1950a. The ants of North America. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 104: 1-585 (page 538, revived status as species)
  • Emery, C. 1893k. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der nordamerikanischen Ameisenfauna. Zool. Jahrb. Abt. Syst. Geogr. Biol. Tiere 7: 633-682 (page 664, worker, queen, male described)
  • Francoeur, A. 1973. Révision taxonomique des espèces néarctiques du groupe fusca, genre Formica (Formicidae, Hymenoptera). Mém. Soc. Entomol. Qué. 3: 1-316 (page 74, see also)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1913i. A revision of the ants of the genus Formica (Linné) Mayr. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 53: 379-565 (page 527, subspecies of cinerea)