Formosimyrma

AntWiki - Where Ant Biologists Share Their Knowledge
Jump to: navigation, search
Formosimyrma
Formosimyrma lanyuensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Formosimyrma
Terayama, 2009
Type species
Formosimyrma lanyuensis
Diversity
1 species
(Species Checklist)

Formosimyrma lanuyensis side (www.niaes.affrc.go.jp).jpg

Formosimyrma lanyuensis

Formosimyrma lanuyensis top (www.niaes.affrc.go.jp).jpg

Specimen Label

The holotype worker of this monotypic genus was collected in an evergreen forest in Taiwan.

Identification

Terayama (2009) - Formosimyrma is a member of the Solenopsidini tribe in the Subfamily Myrmicinae. Within the genera of tribe Solenopsidini, this genus most resembles the genus Mayriella, distributed from Nepal through Southeast Asia into Papua New Guinea and Australia to New Zealand. However, it is distinguished from the latter by the median portion of clypeus with a thin and high longitudinal wall (anterior margin of clypeus armed with a pair of sharp teeth just above the mandibles in Mayriella), 8-segmented antennae (10-segmented in Mayriella), and oval eyes (eyes elongate and lower section narrows into a point in Mayriella)

Keys including this Genus

Distribution

World distribution based on political regions. View/Edit Data
Formosimyrma Distribution.png Worlddistribution legend.jpg

Species richness

Species richness by country based on regional taxon lists (countries with darker colours are more species-rich). View Data

Formosimyrma Species Richness.png

Biology

Castes

Worker

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • FORMOSIMYRMA [Myrmicinae: Solenopsidini]
    • Formosimyrma Terayama, 2009: 158. Type-species: Formosimyrma lanyuensis, by original designation.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Worker

Diagnosis of worker. Monomorphic terrestrial myrmicine ants with the following combination of characters.

1. Mandible broad triangle, with 7 teeth.

2. Median portion of clypeus with a thin and high longitudinal wall; the wall well produced anteriorly in full face view.

3. Frontal lobes narrow, connected each other, and produced and covered to the level of anterior margin of clypeus.

4. Frontal carinae and antennal scrobes developed.

5. Eye small and oval, positioned in front of the midlength of the sides of the head.

6. Antenna 8-segmented; scape short, apical 2 segments froming a distinct club.

7. Alitrunk short and stout; promesonotal dorsum convex in profile.

8. Metanotal groove present.

9. Propodeum with a pair of acute teeth.

10. Petiole with long peduncle and reversed U-shape node.

11. Postpetiole higher than long.

12. Middle and hind tibiae without tibial spur.

Etymology

Formosi, old name of Taiwan, 'Formosa' + myrma, Gr., ant.

References

  • Terayama, M. 2009. A synopsis of the family Formicidae of Taiwan. Research Bulletin of Kanto Gakuen University 17: 81-266. PDF