| Gnamptogenys rastrata|
Captured in wet forests, including montane areas. A millipede feeder.
A member of the rastrata complex (in the rastrata subgroup of the rastrata species group). Antennal scapes surpass vertexal margin by no more than their apical width; triangular and edentate mandibles with a varying degree of costulate and rugae; small tubercle-like propodeal teeth next to conspicuous spiracles which are slightly elevated above rest of surrounding cuticle; postpetiolar sternum with median longitudinal smooth and shining areas. The sculpture on the node as seen dorsally can vary from concentric costulae, with transverse or longitudinal costulae in the middle, or completely transverse. The petiolar node can be wider than long or the opposite. Size range is HL 0.74-0.90; WL 1.10-1.28 mm. (Lattke 1995)
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Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
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Not much is known about the the biology of Gnamptogenys rastrata. We can speculate that the biology of this species is similar to other species of the genus. Gnamptogenys are predatory ponerine ants that inhabit tropical and subtropical mesic forests. Nesting is typically at ground level in rotten wood or leaf litter. Some exceptions include species that are arboreal, a dry forest species and species that nests in sandy savannahs. Colony size tends to be, at most, in the hundreds. Queens are the reproductives in most species. Worker reproduction is known from a few species in Southeastern Asia. Generalist predation is the primary foraging/dietary strategy. Specialization on specific groups (millipedes, beetles, other ants) has developed in a few species.
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- rastrata. Ectatomma rastratum Mayr, 1866b: 890 (q.) BRAZIL. Combination in E. (Gnamptogenys): Emery, 1890b: 41; in E. (Parectatomma): Emery, 1911d: 44; in Gnamptogenys: Brown, 1958g: 229. Senior synonym of trigona: Lattke, 1995: 180.
- trigona. Ectatomma (Gnamptogenys) trigonum Emery, 1906c: 114 (footnote) (q.) BRAZIL. Combination in E. (Parectatomma): Emery, 1911d: 44; in Gnamptogenys: Brown, 1958g: 230. Junior synonym of rastrata: Lattke, 1995: 180.
- Brown, W. L., Jr. 1958g. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. II. Tribe Ectatommini (Hymenoptera). Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 118: 173-362 (page 229, Combination in Gnamptogenys)
- Emery, C. 1890c. Studii sulle formiche della fauna neotropica. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 22: 38-80 (page 41, Combination in E. (Gnamptogenys))
- Emery, C. 1911e. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Ponerinae. Genera Insectorum 118: 1-125 (page 44, Combination in E. (Parectatomma))
- Lattke, J. E. 1995. Revision of the ant genus Gnamptogenys in the New World (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). J. Hym. Res. 4: 137-193 (page 180, Senior synonym of trigona)
- Lattke, J.E., Fernández, F. & Palacio, E.E. 2007. Identification of the species of Gnamptogenys Roger in the Americas (pp. 254-270). In Snelling, R.R., Fisher, B.L. & Ward, P.S. (eds). Advances in ant systematics: homage to E.O. Wilson – 50 years of contributions. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 80: 690 pp. PDF
- Mayr, G. 1866b. Diagnosen neuer und wenig gekannter Formiciden. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 16: 885-908 (page 890, queen described)